boiler directive Articles

  • Saving waste in the boiler house

    Burner technology has improved greatly in recent years. Older Burners had a series of cams and levers that were calibrated to provide specific amounts of air for a particular rate of firing. Being mechanical items, these wore and sometimes required calibration. They, therefore, had to be regularly serviced and calibrated. Generally, new burners use frequency controlled motors and cams to open air ...


    By EBE Engineering Ltd.

  • Direct incentives for smart energy and sustainability projects

    Implementing actions to be more sustainable or to “go green” are shown to be economically beneficial in a number of ways (see my article on the 9 Purely Business Reasons to Go Green). One thing that holds back many companies from these programs, however, is the upfront costs. Although a smart sustainability program will make back that initial investment and more over time, some ...


  • Membrane contactors are used as a boiler feedwater deaerator

    Proper treatment of boiler feedwater is an important part of operating and maintaining a boiler system. As steam is produced, dissolved solids become concentrated and form deposits inside the boiler, leading to poor heat transfer and reduction of boiler efficiency.  ...


  • Navigating NSPS subpart Db for boilers: a case study

    Over the past year, Trinity assisted a chemical company with the permitting and installation of a new 220 MMBtu/hr package boiler. The new natural gas-fired boiler replaces coal-fired units that were installed in the 1940s. Navigating through the numerous, and at times conflicting, regulatory requirements applicable to such a unit has been challenging. With careful planning and implementation, ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Degasification of boiler feed water with Liqui-Cel® membrane contactors

    Proper treatment of boiler feed water is an important part of operating and maintaining a boiler system. As steam is produced, dissolved solids become concentrated and form deposits inside the boiler. This leads to poor heat transfer ...


  • Development and Implementation of an Alternative Emissions Monitoring Program for Carbon Monoxide Compliance for Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit CO Boilers

    This paper presents the results of an alternative emissions monitoring test program for the Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) CO boilers at major oil refinery. Alternative emissions monitoring systems can be used in lieu of other compliance monitoring techniques (e.g., periodic emissions testing, continuous emissions monitoring) to relate monitored operating conditions which might indicate ...

  • Energy efficiency and emission reduction of TPM, PM2.5, and SO2 from natural gas and fuel oil fired boiler exhausts

    Fully 8% of all of Canada’s energy consumption occurs in gas and fuel oil fired boilers in commercial and institutional facilities1, with proportional amounts of greenhouse gases, particulate matter, and other pollutants. Recently particulate matter, and in particular that smaller than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) has garnered specific attention due to attributed health effects as demonstrated by ...

  • Development and Implementation of an Alternative Emissions Monitoring Program for Carbon Monoxide Compliance for Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit CO Boilers

    This paper presents the results of an alternative emissions monitoring test program for the Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) CO boilers at major oil refinery. Alternative emissions monitoring systems can be used in lieu of other compliance monitoring techniques (e.g., periodic emissions testing, continuous emissions monitoring) to relate monitored operating conditions which might indicate ...

  • Economics of tiny thermal power plants

    Thermal power plants is the main source of energy and electricity in India and almost all countries of the world. Most of the giant thermal power plants have capacity of 500MW to 1000 MW. Investment in such giant thermal power plants is Rs 100 million per MW including transmission lines and distribution lines. ( 60 rupees = 1 US$, MW=1000KW). So 1000MW thermal power plant costs Rs 100 million/MW ...


    By AADHUNIK GLOBAL ENERGY

  • Analysis of buildings' energy consumption by means of exergy method

    Among the objectives of the Directive 2002/91/EC and of the Council "Energy performance of buildings", Energy Performance of Building Directive (EPBD) the energy certification of buildings represents a fundamental role. The method here described starts from the LowEX tool, previously developed in the IEA ECBCS Annex 37 framework. By using the exergy approach, new (non-economic) indices could be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low-volatile coal combustion technologies in Vietnam: issues and strategies

    Vietnam has planned to install a number of coal-fired power plants with unit's capacity of up to 600 MW. Present experience shows that available low volatile anthracite coal is difficult to burn in the PC fired boilers. In this paper, the CFB combustion technology is proposed based on the experiences of coal-fired power plants around the world used similar coal characteristics. Later, a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energotechnological oil shale utilisation by means of an SHCU - a low waste and environmentally sound technological process

    This paper presents the calculated data on the emissions into the environment from the low-waste energotechnological solid heat carrier units (SHCUs) working with oil shales. A comparison of this technology with direct oil shale combustion at a power plant was carried out using the example of an Estonian power plant. The energotechnological plant (ETP) including two units SHCU-3000 with an oil ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • PRME Naturally Gas Systems

    Your PRME Naturally produced biogas will come from biomass – not fossil fuels. Technically speaking, you will be firing gas produced by the thermal gasification of biomass. PRME’s NaturallyGas process design is not experimental or “under development”, but has been commercially firing industrial boilers for over eighteen years. PRME’s NaturallyGas Systems are ...


    By PRM Energy Systems, Inc.

  • Industrial water reuse opportunities and high temperature compatible membranes

    Process condensates represent a real value to the industry as it usually contains several items of potential savings, including but not limited to heat energy and water. In most cases the condensate has become contaminated with unwanted particles or with product carryover making it unfit for direct reuse in the process or as boiler makeup water. Conventional methods use heat exchangers for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil CEC and Selectivity Sequence for Mercury (II) Ion

    Abstract Mercury is one of the most hazardous air and water pollutants. Since the issuance of the Clean Air Mercury Rule for coal-fired electric boiler utilities in March 2005, numerous scientific researches have focused on the fate and transport of mercury in both atmosphere and aqueous environment. The issue of aqueous mercury transport as the major mercury transport mechanism becomes more and ...


    By DAA Consultants

  • Wasting energy through steam loss

    The European Union Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings, which relates to all member nations of the European Union, are obliged to set limits on greenhouse gas emissions, particularly from buildings. Typically steam is used for a wide range of applications within larger establishments including, humidification, hot water, space heating and air heating.  Primary energy losses in ...

  • Efficient steam production in paper mills

    The paper and pulp industry is an energy and emission intensive industry. Steam is an essential part of the paper making process with steam boilers, steam distribution systems and other processes accounting for a large percentage of a paper mill’s energy costs. Useful energy is often lost from boilers and process equipment such as heat exchangers, dryers, evaporators etc, as well as from ...

  • The Main Application of Coal Briquette Press Machine

    The quality of coal directly influences the ratio of briquetting of the coal briquette press machine. Coal is a complicated mixture composed of different high-molecular compounds, which is mainly condensation aromatic nucleus, as well as non-aromatic carbon parts and minerals. Then what is the main application of coal briquette press machine? 1. Waste residue: used as fuel in boiler, as raw ...


    By Fote Machinery

  • Georgia pacific improves energy and operating efficiences with a Culligan solution

    Challenge Water is a valuable commodity in any manufacturing process. Manufacturing companies depend on clean, quality water throughout their entire business, such as for boiler feed water make-up, recycling back to cooling towers, improved process run times and overall quality and consistency of production. With the need for steam in their daily operation, Georgia-Pacific was ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • Middle east installation employs brine concentrator

    The Facility Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) is an oil exploration and production company located in the Middle East. PDO needed high purity water to feed the oil field steam generator at their new enhanced oil recovery facility at Qarn Alam located in the Oman interior. Aqua-Chem ICD, together with PDO’s consultant, recognized that conventional seawater desalination equipment was ...

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