boiler water alkalinity Articles

  • Application notes: The Sievers InnovOx TOC analyzer: boiler water monitoring

    Background A boiler system is a semi-closed loop system in which water is heated and converted into steam to power a generator. The steam is then allowed to form a condensate and the process is repeated. Boiler water chemistry directly impacts boiler efficiency and fuel use. Improper water treatment allows scale formation and corrosion. Boiler scale and deposits form when impurities ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • What Is a Boiler Feed Water Treatment System and How Does It Work?

    For industrial companies using a boiler for its facility, some type of boiler feed water treatment system is usually necessary to ensure an efficient process and quality steam generation. The most appropriate boiler feed water treatment system will help the facility avoid costly plant downtime, expensive maintenance fees, and boiler failure as a result of scaling, ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • How to Choose the Best Boiler Feed Water Treatment Technologies for Your Plant

    When it comes to choosing technology for boiler feed water treatment, knowing the feed water source quality in relation to the water quality required for your specific boiler is essential, as inadequate water treatment can lead to the scaling, corrosion, and fouling of the boiler and downstream equipment. We’ve mentioned this before in some of our previous boiler feed water treatment ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Common Boiler Feed Water Treatment Issues and How to Avoid Them

    When treating boiler feed water (the combination of boiler makeup and condensate return water), several issues can arise that cause boiler scaling, corrosion, fouling, and system failure. Below, we break down the most common boiler feed water issues and how to avoid them to help ensure system efficiency and operational safety. While treating boiler feed water is extremely ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Fabrication and evaluation of an attapulgite membrane as the filter for recycling blowdown water from industrial boilers

    Continuous blowdown water (CBW) from industrial boilers is of great quantity and energy, and therefore worth recycling. According to the data from a long period of monitoring, carbonate and sulfate were documented as the main contaminants in CBW. Herein, an attapulgite (ATP) membrane was prepared on a macroporous Al2O3 support through solid state sintering. The prepared membrane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydroflo diaphragm pumps help reduce boiler corrosion and maintenance costs

    ABTCo, located in Alpena, Michigan, is a decorative wood paneling producer using three boilers to generate 7 MW of electricity – half the power needed in the plant plus steam for pulp processing. As in many boiler operations, the main enemy is corrosion, which can destroy system components and lead to boiler failure. Although internal boiler surfaces are protected by a film of magnetic ...

  • Do You Need a Boiler Feedwater Treatment System for Your Plant?

    If you use an industrial boiler to create energy with steam, chances are you need some sort of boiler feedwater treatment system. But why? We know that natural water sources carry impurities that can cause harmful deposits, carryover, and corrosion in your boiler system. We also know that the higher the pressure your boiler runs at, the more pure your water source needs to be. ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Reverse osmosis water chemistry

    Alkalinity: Alkalinity is comprised primarily of carbon dioxide, bicarbonate, carbonate and hydroxides. Naturally occurring alkalinity is the earth’s natural buffering system in that small doses of strong acids (e.g. acid rain) react with alkalinity and result in relatively small changes in pH. Carbon dioxide and bicarbonate are in a balance between the pH range of 4.4 and 8.2. At a pH of 4.4 or ...

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • REMOVING LIMESCALE IMPROVES WATER QUALITY IN POULTRY FARMS

    Water is one of the most important nutrients in poultry production.  About 70 per cent of a bird’s body is made up of water - eggs contain around 65% water. Birds are constantly losing water in egg production, so there is an obvious need for constant replenishment.  Water intake is almost twice the weight of ...

  • "Non-Chemical Water Conditioning at Schick: A Pollution Prevention Case Study"

    Untitled Document Overview Since 1994, the Schick company of Milford has ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Chemical-Free Treatment of Recirculating Water Using Pulsed-Power

    Untitled Document Regulatory pressures and economic considerations require industry to become cleaner, more efficient, and more environmentally benign. Such operating principles advance not only ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Oil refinery reduces energy consumption with a Culligan Solution

    Challenge A major petroleum refinery was looking to replace a hot lime softener. Naturally occurring minerals such as Calcium, Magnesium and Silica can cause scale in steam boilers and other types of equipment used in refinery operations. Scale deposits in steam boilers con reduce equipment efficiency and increase energy, chemical, disposal and maintenance costs. Hot lime softening is a ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • A connection between cycle chemistry & condenser configuration

    Abstract The most important contributor to power plant chemistry upset conditions and to the overall plant thermal efficiency is the condenser. In-leakage into the subatmospheric pressure, or shell side, of this important balance-of-plant component is responsible for most system wide corrosion, loss of availability and loss of heat transfer in boiler tubes due to deposition of ...


    By Intek, Inc.

  • Komax teflon lined mixer simplifies acid injection for power plant

    A major source of waste water in many power plants is the waste stream that results from ion exchange used for demineralizing the boiler feed water. The alkaline regeneration waste stream produced by the ion exchange process requires the addition of an acid to this stream before discharge from the plant. Regulatory authorities typically require the effluent to have a near neutral pH before ...


    By Komax Systems, Inc.

  • Chemical cleaning is cost-effective, efficient

    Chemical cleaning is an important offering within Clean Harbors’ portfolio of industrial cleaning/maintenance services for refineries, petrochemical processors and other process manufacturers. Along with high-pressure cleaning, pigging, Tech Sonic sound wave cleaning and other technologies, chemical leaning is a safe, efficient and cost-effective way to remove corrosion, deposits, residual ...


    By Clean Harbors

  • Chemical sequential extraction of heavy metals and sulphur in bottom ash and in fly ash from a pulp and paper mill complex

    A five-stage sequential extraction procedure was used to determine the distribution of 11 metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Mo, Pb, Zn, As, Co, V, Ni, Ba), and sulphur (S) in bottom ash and in fly ash from a fluidized bed co-combustion (i.e. wood and peat) boiler of Stora Enso Oyj Oulu Mill at Oulu, Northern Finland, into the following fractions: (1) water-soluble fraction (H2O); (2) exchangeable fraction ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Chloramines

    OVERVIEW When chlorine is added to a water supply containing certain organics, the formation of halogenated organics occurs. Called 'trihalogenated methanes' (THM's) these reaction products are suspected carcinogens and maximum allowable limits in municipal supplies are imposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). To reduce the potential for the formation of THM's, many U.S. ...

  • Landfill Leachate Treatment by Forced Circulation Vacuum Evaporation - Athens (Ano Liossia Landfill)

    This report describes how treatment of landfill leachate by means of forced circulation vacuum evaporation provided: an environmental benefit from use of biogas as power supply a big saving in disposal cost due to waste volume reduction a return on investment of less than two years Introduction Solid Waste Management in Greece has been remarkably upgraded during the last ...

  • Case study - Biogen Greenfinch Westwood

    Non-stop clean power generation uses smart machines and state-of-the-art technology to help keep running. Keep it simple - and to keep it profitable, keep CHP engines running. That's just part of the formula for success at the BiogenGreenfinch-designed and run Westwood anaerobic digestion (AD) plant in Northamptonshire. Built and funded by parent company Bedfordia Group plc this £10 ...


    By Geotech

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