boiler water chemistry Articles

  • Reverse osmosis water chemistry

    Alkalinity: Alkalinity is comprised primarily of carbon dioxide, bicarbonate, carbonate and hydroxides. Naturally occurring alkalinity is the earth’s natural buffering system in that small doses of strong acids (e.g. acid rain) react with alkalinity and result in relatively small changes in pH. Carbon dioxide and bicarbonate are in a balance between the pH range of 4.4 and 8.2. At a pH of 4.4 or ...

  • Application notes: The Sievers InnovOx TOC analyzer: boiler water monitoring

    Background A boiler system is a semi-closed loop system in which water is heated and converted into steam to power a generator. The steam is then allowed to form a condensate and the process is repeated. Boiler water chemistry directly impacts boiler efficiency and fuel use. Improper water treatment allows scale formation and corrosion. Boiler scale and deposits form when impurities ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • What Is a Boiler Feed Water Treatment System and How Does It Work?

    For industrial companies using a boiler for its facility, some type of boiler feed water treatment system is usually necessary to ensure an efficient process and quality steam generation. The most appropriate boiler feed water treatment system will help the facility avoid costly plant downtime, expensive maintenance fees, and boiler failure as a result of scaling, ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Common Boiler Feed Water Treatment Issues and How to Avoid Them

    When treating boiler feed water (the combination of boiler makeup and condensate return water), several issues can arise that cause boiler scaling, corrosion, fouling, and system failure. Below, we break down the most common boiler feed water issues and how to avoid them to help ensure system efficiency and operational safety. While treating boiler feed water is extremely ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • A connection between cycle chemistry & condenser configuration

    Abstract The most important contributor to power plant chemistry upset conditions and to the overall plant thermal efficiency is the condenser. In-leakage into the subatmospheric pressure, or shell side, of this important balance-of-plant component is responsible for most system wide corrosion, loss of availability and loss of heat transfer in boiler tubes due to deposition of ...


    By Intek, Inc.

  • Boiler Dissolved Oxygen Control

    DISSOLVED OXYGEN CHEMISTRY Dissolved Oxygen (DO) is a measure of the amount of oxygen, usually thought of as a gas, that is dissolved in a liquid such as water. Oxygen is essential to life and is also the most common element found taking part in corrosion reactions. DO can be thought of as the fuel needed for the corrosion process to proceed. It is the corrosion reactions that necessitate ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • How to Choose the Best Boiler Feed Water Treatment Technologies for Your Plant

    When it comes to choosing technology for boiler feed water treatment, knowing the feed water source quality in relation to the water quality required for your specific boiler is essential, as inadequate water treatment can lead to the scaling, corrosion, and fouling of the boiler and downstream equipment. We’ve mentioned this before in some of our previous boiler feed water treatment ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • 5 reasons water treatment (boiler feed/ cooling tower) is absolutely benefit for manufacturing units

    Water treatment is highly essential for modern day production units. Everyone is aware of their relevance from environmental point of views. But, water treatment is equally effective in terms of optimizing the industry processing, safety and minimizing the expense. Exclusive ways against the most stubborn impurities: Water Treatment (Boiler Feed/ Cooler ...

  • Water Sustainability

    I7.1  | Water Optimization – 30% Groundwater Use Reduction Tabatha Pellerin, Senior Program Manager, AECOM AECOM assisted the Entergy Lewis Creek gas/coal fired electric power plant with water conservation efforts prompted by a goal of 30% ...

  • Scaling vs. Corrosion: Why It Matters for Your Boiler Feedwater System

    When using boilers for an industrial plant and process, one of the most important things to implement is the appropriate treatment of the boiler feedwater before it has a chance to scale and corrode equipment. Before beginning any process with a boiler, understanding the makeup and return water chemistry/characteristics, the manufacturer’s requirements for the boiler (what pressure it ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Do You Need a Boiler Feedwater Treatment System for Your Plant?

    If you use an industrial boiler to create energy with steam, chances are you need some sort of boiler feedwater treatment system. But why? We know that natural water sources carry impurities that can cause harmful deposits, carryover, and corrosion in your boiler system. We also know that the higher the pressure your boiler runs at, the more pure your water source needs to be. ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Catalyst-Based Non-Chemical Water Treatment

    Catalyst-Based Device Reduces Calcite Buildup, Requires Minimal Maintenance According to the US Geological Survey, more than 85 percent of the United States has hard water.1 In plumbing, hard water leaves calcite deposits that restrict water flow by occluding pipes. In water heaters, calcite coats heating elements, causing them to overheat and eventually fail. Standard approaches to ...

  • Where is water temperature monitoring most important?

    It is essential to monitor for abnormalities in water temperature, as the water chemistry can be significantly affected by fluctuations. Whether you are monitoring domestic or commercial water supplies, the temperature should be regularly checked. We would recommend regular water testing for all water supplies and, in agriculture, for continued monitoring of natural water formations. ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Utilizing unconventional water sources for industrial reuse

    Reclamation and reuse of unconventional wastewater sources for plant raw water, cooling water and process pre-treatment has increased substantially due to increases in the cost of drinking water, recurring water shortages that can impact business operations, and tightening government regulation. Water is required in almost every industrial sector for the processing and manufacture of products. ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Five Common Problems with Raw Water Treatment and How to Avoid Them

    For industrial companies treating a raw water source for its processes, there are several issues that can surface during treatment that we see on a regular basis. We’ve broken out the five most common problems with raw water treatment and how to avoid them below. Whether you’re designing a new plant or updating existing equipment, avoiding these five common raw water ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • MSF plants provide over 46 years of reliable high purity water production

    The Facility Southern Peru Copper Company’s (SPCC) facility located in Ilo, Peru requires high purity water for boiler make-up at the smelter power plant. Process water for various smelter and mining operations and potable water for the town and Port of Ilo is also needed. SPCC’s first Aqua-Chem ICD long tube multistage flash (MSF) seawater desalination plant producing ...

  • MVC technology to recover oil from SAGD facility

    The Facility The SAGD Facility is called “Orion” and consists of 4 major processes: Steam Generation, Injection/Recovery Wells, Deoiling and Water Purification, for recovery of oil. The Players Aquatech will be working alongside Shell Canada (formerly BlackRock Ventures), the developer and IMV Projects, the integration engineers. ...

  • Culligan application brief food & beverage - a sustainable approach from Culligan Matrix Solutions

    Challenge A major beverage plant was looking to reduce the impact of its operations on the environment while meeting the water treatment challenges at its facility. The sustainability goals of the facility included reducing water usage ond energy costs associated with its operations. Until recently, the facility was using city water in its utility process. The company was looking ...


    By Culligan Water

  • Corrosion-Fatigue failures of Riser tube bends - Case study

    Purpose This Plant Service Bulletin is a SAFETY ALERT WARNING thai advises boiler owners and operators of the immediate need to inspect riser and supply tube bends for evidence of corrosion fatigue damage on the inside of these bends and to undertake immediate replacement of damaged tubing. Problem/Hazard Corrosion fatigue damage has been found on the inside ...


    By Dürr Megtec LLC

  • Duke energy selects HERO membrane process for ZLD application

    The Facility The Arlington Valley Power station being developed by DENA is a large combined cycle power plant located in Arlington, Arizona. Duke/Fluor Daniel (DFD) of Houston, Texas are owner engineers and contractors. DFD were instrumental in selecting the HERO route for its economy, ease of operation and reduced operating costs. DFD obtained their permitting based on ...

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