boiler water measurement Articles

  • Organics in boiler water condensate

    With the wide use of high efficiency boilers and current high-pressure boilers in industry today limiting condensate analysis to the more traditional parameters can result in very expensive repairs. Condensate return should be the highest quality least expensive water that most systems can generate. Boiler operators do not want to lose this or have it contaminated. Condensate return analysis has ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Tuning Your Boiler for EPA Boiler MACT Compliance

    The EPA’s Boiler MACT regulations are heating up. Boiler MACT is an EPA rule to limit hazardous air pollutants (HAP) from commercial and industrial boilers and process heaters. Originally proposed in 2011 as a mandate driven by the Clean Air Act,  the rules are Area Source Boiler MACT 40 CFR 63, subpart JJJJJJ for smaller boilers (stores, hotels, apartments, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Application notes: The Sievers InnovOx TOC analyzer: boiler water monitoring

    Background A boiler system is a semi-closed loop system in which water is heated and converted into steam to power a generator. The steam is then allowed to form a condensate and the process is repeated. Boiler water chemistry directly impacts boiler efficiency and fuel use. Improper water treatment allows scale formation and corrosion. Boiler scale and deposits form when impurities ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Boiler Dissolved Oxygen Control

    DISSOLVED OXYGEN CHEMISTRY Dissolved Oxygen (DO) is a measure of the amount of oxygen, usually thought of as a gas, that is dissolved in a liquid such as water. Oxygen is essential to life and is also the most common element found taking part in corrosion reactions. DO can be thought of as the fuel needed for the corrosion process to proceed. It is the corrosion reactions that necessitate ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • EPA finalizes boiler NESHAP

    EPA published the final National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions. EPA developed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater than 25 tpy of ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • ppb Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) measurement is one indicator of water quality because oxygen is a common element contributing to corrosion reactions. This corrosion reaction provides the need for low level D.O. control since dissolved oxygen is responsible for costly replacement of piping and equipment by corrosive attack on metah. what is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved axygan (D.O.f is the ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Dewatering of Boiler Ash - Case Study

    Ten Gate develops and produces materials that function to increase performance, reduce costs, and deliver measurable results by working with our customers to provide advanced solutions. THE PROJECT The Wheelabrator Technology Group provides design/build and operation of trash-to-energy facilities. The Wheelabrator facility located in Lisbon, CT utilizes a storage tank for ...

  • 5 reasons water treatment (boiler feed/ cooling tower) is absolutely benefit for manufacturing units

    Water treatment is highly essential for modern day production units. Everyone is aware of their relevance from environmental point of views. But, water treatment is equally effective in terms of optimizing the industry processing, safety and minimizing the expense. Exclusive ways against the most stubborn impurities: Water Treatment (Boiler Feed/ Cooler ...

  • Monitoring flammable gas in boiler houses

    The most common fuels in use for space and water heating are Oil, Natural Gas and Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG). By far the most popular, clean and cost effective solutions are utilising Natural Gas or LPG. The traditional safety measure derived from the time of oil fired boiler houses is the use of a fusible link placed above the each boiler. The fusible link is intended to melt if it becomes ...

  • Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Measurement

    Definition Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) is a measure of the sum of all inorganic and organic substances in a liquid in molecular, ionized or micro-granular colloidal suspended form. The solids must be small enough to survive filtration through a sieve the size of two micrometer.  TDS solids are normally found in all freshwater systems. Major applications of TDS are: at low levels the ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Water Sustainability

    I7.1  | Water Optimization – 30% Groundwater Use Reduction Tabatha Pellerin, Senior Program Manager, AECOM AECOM assisted the Entergy Lewis Creek gas/coal fired electric power plant with water conservation efforts prompted by a goal of 30% ...

  • Insitu analysis of ammonia slip and water vapor using a tunable diode laser for SCR/SNCR optimization and boiler tube surveillance in power plants

    ABSTRACT Environmental Regulations driven by the 1990 Clean Air Act require Power Plants to reduce NOx emissions. SCR's and SNCR's reduce NOx emission by injecting ammonia into the combustion flue gas. which ideally reacts with the NOx to form H?0 and Nj. The efficiency of the SCR SNCR is determined by monitoring the outlet for excess NH3. referred to as NH3 slip. The flue gas sample ...

  • Advanced SNCR - NOx Reduction on Large Utility Boilers

    Fuel Tech has recently completed full-scale demonstrations of Advanced Selective NonCatalytic Reduction systems on a number of large utility boilers (>600MW) firing a variety of fuel types. The systems use the latest flexible injection technology and are controlled with a balanced algorithm utilizing unit load, a full grid of continuous furnace temperatures and the plant continuous emissions ...


    By Fuel Tech, Inc.

  • Proposed boiler MACT sets aggressive emission limits

    On June 4, 2010, U.S. EPA proposed National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions.  EPA proposed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Reverse osmosis water chemistry

    Alkalinity: Alkalinity is comprised primarily of carbon dioxide, bicarbonate, carbonate and hydroxides. Naturally occurring alkalinity is the earth’s natural buffering system in that small doses of strong acids (e.g. acid rain) react with alkalinity and result in relatively small changes in pH. Carbon dioxide and bicarbonate are in a balance between the pH range of 4.4 and 8.2. At a pH of 4.4 or ...

  • The fundamental conductivity and resistivity of water

    Pure water has a very low. but not quite zero, electrical conductivity. This conductivity provides a probe into fundamental properties of water, including the electrochemical mobility of the hydrogen and hydroxide ions. Deviation from this value is a measure of trace ionic impurities. Ultrapure water (UPW). with impurities at or below the sub-parts-per-billion range, is used extensively in many ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Hydrocarbon in Water Monitors using Fluorescence

    Hydrocarbon in Water Monitors using Fluorescence are capable of detecting hydrocarbons as low as 5 Parts per Billion and as high as 10,000 Parts per Million depending on the application.  Because only the target hydrocarbons will fluoresce, these monitors have no significant affect due to water turbidity (rust, dirt, gas bubbles, soot, etc.).  Fluorescence monitors provide a measurement ...

  • Texas refinery identifes the source of boiler contamination and restores production using on-line steam condensate analyzer

    Background A major refinery in Texas, USA, recently experienced steam condensate contamination and major fouling of a boiler resulting in damage that led to an unplanned shutdown. The financial impact of the damaged boiler, unscheduled maintenance and loss of production drove a review of current condensate monitoring techniques. The review panel concluded that current methods of ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Pulp and Paper Industry Facing Water Issues

    Water-reuse and waste-to-energy technologies can lessen environmental impact ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Utilizing unconventional water sources for industrial reuse

    Reclamation and reuse of unconventional wastewater sources for plant raw water, cooling water and process pre-treatment has increased substantially due to increases in the cost of drinking water, recurring water shortages that can impact business operations, and tightening government regulation. Water is required in almost every industrial sector for the processing and manufacture of products. ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

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