botany Articles

  • Acid Effluent Neutralisations: ICI Australia Operations

    Background ICI Australia Operations Pty Ltd (ICI) manufactures a wide range of bulk, specialty and consumer chemicals and plastics. ICIís Botany site is a highly integrated operation, comprising a chlor/alkali plant, surfactants plants, and ethylene plant with downstream polymer manufacturing facilities. Among the polymer facilities are the Vinyls Plants. Here ethylene and chlorine are ...


  • A computer-based simulation for teaching heat transfer across a woody stem

    To assist student understanding of heat transfer through woody stems, we developed an instructional package that included an Excel-based, one-dimensional simulation model and a companion instructional worksheet. Guiding undergraduate botany students to applying principles of thermodynamics to plants in nature is fraught with two main obstacles: (1) students have a limited knowledge of heat ...

  • Wastewater Quality Improvement in Plastics Manufacture: ICI Olefines

    ICI Olefines is saving $2.4 million per annum on its waste disposal while easily passing stringent new wastewater quality standards at its Port Botany Olefines Plant. The 87% cost reduction was accompanied by a 95% reduction in the petroleum hydrocarbons in the plant’s effluent. The improved performance eliminated the need for a new wastewater treatment plant that would have cost the company $4 ...


  • Caltex kurnell refinery case study

    Caltex is Australia's leading transport fuel supplier and convenience retailer and the only integrated oil refining and marketing company listed on the Australian Securities Exchange. The Kurnell Refinery was first built in the 1950's to provide fuel to NSW Australia. The Kurnell refinery is located overlooking Botany Bay near Sydney. The refinery has a complex network of real time monitoring ...


    By EHS Data Ltd.

  • The dangers of separating science and environment

    We need to figure out a better way to communicate science that balances technology and nature. Does the natural world have any relevance to modern science? Of course it does; but sometimes it seems like that’s not the case. This is a myth perpetuated directly and indirectly through media, policy decisions, academic disciplines, even some science engagement initiatives: ...


    By Ensia

  • Harnessing The Power Of Microbes

    University researchers are advancing both the understanding and scalability of a biological process where bacteria living under anaerobic conditions consume organic waste and generate electrons and protons that are tapped for electricity production.IMAGINE a self-sustaining battery that never runs out of juice. While the notion may sound far-fetched, Dr. Leonard Tender at the Naval Research ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Becoming a Zero Emissions Brewery

    Diverting 600 tons annually from landfills turn hops, grains, pallets, cardboard, glass, office paper and shrink wrap into major savings — and great beer! ALMOST AS FAMOUS for reducing its waste as for making great beer, Mad River Brewing Company of Blue Lake, California is renowned for its Steelhead and Jamaica ales as well as its ten Waste Reduction Awareness Program (WRAP) awards ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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