bottled drinking water Articles

  • Radon levels in different types of bottled drinking water and carbonated drinks in Iraqi markets

    In the present work, radon concentration was measured for different types of bottled drinking water and carbonated drink samples that are available in Iraqi markets. Radon measurements were carried out using a RAD-7 electronic radon detector. Annual effective dose was also calculated. The measured radon concentration in samples of bottled drinking water ranged from 0.0354 to 0.248 Bq/l with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bacterial contamination of reusable bottled drinking water in Ecuador

    In northern coastal Ecuador, water is routinely sold in 20 L reusable bottles for household consumption. These bottles are filled at central treatment facilities and distributed by private water companies. Similar bottled water markets are found in countries around the world. Commercially available bottled water offers an alternative source of drinking water in locations where piped ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New electrochemical sensor for sensitive quantification of copper in river, city, bottled and drinking water samples

    In the present study, a reliable and very sensitive sensor for the determination of ultra-trace of Cu(II) is proposed. Copper was determined by anodic differential pulse stripping voltammetry based on the adsorption collection of the Cu(II) on an encapsulated Schiff base onto multiwalled carbon nanotube paste working electrode. The variation of peak current with pH and several instrumental ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • KDF 85 Process medium removes iron - Case Study

    KDF 85 Process Medium is an Effective Non-Chemical Water Treatment for Iron Removal and Other Heavy Metal Removal A Kalamazoo, Michigan producer of bottled drinking water uses KDF media as a non-chemical method of removing chlorine and sequestered iron from 7,500 gallons of municipal water daily, extending the operating life of downstream RO membranes by as much as 10 years. Redox media alloy ...


    By KDF Fluid Treatment, Inc.

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa in bottled drinking water in Sri Lanka: a potential health hazard

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a food- and water-borne opportunistic pathogen, constitutes a health risk mostly to immunocompromised patients, and also affects the taste, odour and turbidity of potable water. In order to detect P. aeruginosa in bottled water in Sri Lanka, 36 bottled water brands were collected randomly from retail and supermarkets island wide. P. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The role of bottled drinking water in achieving SDG 6.1: an analysis of affordability and equity from Jakarta, Indonesia

    Bottled water serves an increasingly large percentage of urban poor populations in lower-income countries, yet receives little attention within international development research and policy. This study investigates the impact of packaged drinking water (refill water) on affordability and equity of drinking water access by the urban poor under SDG 6.1, comparing refill water cost and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality and Purity

    Even an advanced country like the United States is facing significant water problems relating to availability, purity, and quality. Over 700 chemicals have been detected in U.S. drinking water as it comes out of the tap. EPA has classified 129 of them as being particularly dangerous. Drinking bottled water does not assure the absence of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating Consumer Products for Low Level Contaminants with High Temperature Dynamic Headspace

    Abstract High density polyethylene (HDPE) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) are widely used polymers for the storage of consumer products including bottled drinks. HDPE is typically used in milk jugs while PET is typically used in soft drink and bottled water bottles. These polymers can have glass transition temperature above 250°C (482°F) and can be difficult for most headspace ...


    By Teledyne Tekmar

  • Ensuring Water Quality in Africa

    Water is essential for life, and “access to safe water is a fundamental human and, therefore, a basic human right.” With this statement and his address on World Water Day in 2001, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan put a spotlight on what continues to be a global problem: clean water. This year completes the UN “Water for Life” international decade for ...


    By ASTM International

  • KK and Water Wellbeing Helping the Environment

    Water Wellbeing Ltd has two operational trading companies. Edgar’s Water and Wellbeing People. Edgar’s Water supplies water coolers, bottled drinking water and fresh fruit deliveries throughout the UK to any organisations that needs to hydrate their workforce. They operate over six sites and are distributing throughout the UK via 100 fleet vehicles. The original bottling company was ...


    By KK BALERS

  • Environmental impact of refillable vs. non–refillable plastic beverage bottles in Norway

    This research compares the environmental impact, in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, of using refillable polyethylene terephthalate (REF–PET) and non–refillable polyethylene terephthalate (NR–PET) bottles in the Norwegian soft drink and carbonated water market. A Microsoft Excel spread sheet was developed in close cooperation with Coca–Cola, Mack, Telemark Springwater, and three of the main ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An assessment of consumer preferences on the drinking water market: today to the future

    In the 21st century, water has become a priority issue as a vital commodity which has no substitute and has growing economic and strategic value. It is predicted that a significant part of the world population will be faced with drinking water problems in the coming years. This study was focused on the determination of consumer preference trends for drinking water. In the scope of the study, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Consumer perception of water quality, abundance, and cost: comparison of drinking water source, attitudes, and preference

    Public attitudes about drinking water quality, fresh water availability, water spending, and suitable uses for recycled water were determined with a survey administered to respondents in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), North America, and Europe. Statistically significant differences in perception were identified as a function of respondent’s country of residence. Among the findings are a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chlorine mystery solved

    Following the installation of in-pipe drinking water quality monitoring sondes, distribution engineers discovered an occasional significant disparity between the Intellisondes’ data and results from grab samples tested by a photometer tablet (DPD) method. For most of the time, there was close agreement between the two methods, but periodically, the photometer results varied wildly, whilst ...


    By Intellitect Water Ltd

  • Advantages of Advanced Water Treatment Solutions

    Various advanced water treatment solutions are available for households as well as all types of facilities and industries. Water filtration provides users with valuable benefits that many don’t realize yet. Here are some of the advantages of water treatment solutions like an arsenic treatment system. Improved Water Quality A good arsenic filtration system ...

  • Air Quality and Emissions Monitoring: What does best practice look like?

    When we turn on the tap, we know that the water coming out should be of a consistently high quality. And we can choose – if we prefer – to drink bottled water instead. This is not so with the air that we breathe. Unlike the water that we drink, we have no guarantee, and in many cases no information, telling us that the air quality in our towns, cities and even rural areas is of an ...

  • Mistrust at the tap? Factors contributing to public drinking water (mis)perception across US households

    How individuals perceive the safety of their public drinking water influences whether they reach for the tap to quench their thirst, or an alternative such as bottled water or a sugary drink. In turn, mistrust of drinking water quality and subsequent reliance on alternative beverage sources can adversely impact health, welfare and the environment. Using data from the 2013 American Housing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evidence of regional differences in chlorine perception by consumers: sensitivity differences or habituation?

    Chlorinous flavors are a leading cause of customers' dissatisfaction with drinking water. Potential differences in chlorine perception were investigated by conducting sensory testing experiments in France and Spain to assess consumers' sensory sensitivity (chlorine flavor detection threshold and supra-threshold intensity) as well as their liking of and acceptability for chlorinated solutions. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effectiveness of arsenic remediation from groundwater in a private home

    Abstract Private wells are the source of drinking water for approximately 15% of households in the United States, but these wells are not regulated or monitored by government agencies. The well waters can contain arsenic, a known carcinogen that occurs in groundwater throughout the nation at concentrations that can exceed the Maximum Contaminant Level defined by the U.S. Environmental ...

  • OTEC in Paradise: The Philippines

    Paradise Legend has it that the Republic of the Philippines was born when the gods tossed 7,100 pearls into the ocean and islands popped up. Centrally located in Southeast Asia – just North of Australia and Indonesia, South of Japan and China, and East of Thailand and Singapore – the Philippines are considered by many to be the gateway to and from the Pacific. With ...

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