bottled drinking water Articles

  • Bacterial contamination of reusable bottled drinking water in Ecuador

    In northern coastal Ecuador, water is routinely sold in 20 L reusable bottles for household consumption. These bottles are filled at central treatment facilities and distributed by private water companies. Similar bottled water markets are found in countries around the world. Commercially available bottled water offers an alternative source of drinking water in locations where piped ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Radon levels in different types of bottled drinking water and carbonated drinks in Iraqi markets

    In the present work, radon concentration was measured for different types of bottled drinking water and carbonated drink samples that are available in Iraqi markets. Radon measurements were carried out using a RAD-7 electronic radon detector. Annual effective dose was also calculated. The measured radon concentration in samples of bottled drinking water ranged from 0.0354 to 0.248 Bq/l with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New drinking water scheme to cut plastic bottle use by millions

    Retailers, coffee shops, businesses and local authorities in every major city and town across England will offer free refill stations for people to top-up their water bottles by 2021. ...

  • Bottled versus tap water fact sheet

    Where does bottled water come from? Those beautiful mountain illustrations on water bottles are often very far from the true source of the water inside. Bottled water sources can be hard to track down, as bottled water manufacturers are not required to disclose where the water comes from or for that matter, what’s in their water. In fact, the best indicator of what kind of water ...

  • Drinking Water Treatment Process

    Most drinking water comes from a surface water source, such as a lake or river, or a groundwater source, such as a well or spring. This water requires treatment before it can be safely consumed; the level to which the water is treated depends on the source of the water and also on federal regulations. In the United States, for example, the Safe Drinking Water Act was created by the Environmental ...


    By Brentwood Industries, Inc.

  • Case study - beverage industry - continuous disinfection in the bottled drinks

    Aquadron SG2 Data: Borehole water treatment Permanent disinfection by spraying HyClean Concept. Permanent disinfection by HyClean Plus Concept nebulization. Disinfectant Bottle Washer. Features: Improve the hygiene in the bottling of beverages by continuous treatment with anolyte of the critical areas, reducing preservatives, ...


    By Aquadron

  • Determination of antimony in bottled water and polyethylene terephthalate bottles: a routine laboratory quality check

    The paper describes a modified and optimised conventional wet ashing method for the determination of antimony (Sb) in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles used for bottling sparkling and still water. The modified optimum conventional wet ashing method was applied as the digestion method to extract Sb from PET bottles, and the extracted Sb analysed using flame atomic absorption spectrometry ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Perceptions of bottled water consumers in three Brazilian municipalities

    This study presents perceptions of consumers of bottled water in their households in three Brazilian municipalities. Data from interviews were analyzed using the Discourse Collective Subject method. Interviewees spent, on average, the equivalent of 40% of their water bill for the public water supply on the purchase of bottled water. The decision about water consumption in the household ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ozone Brings Better Bottled Water

    The proliferation of bottled beverages worldwide and an increased awareness of consumer health issues have beverage bottlers rethinking how to keep their liquids safe for consumption. One problem they face is the need to deliver a product that is free of bacteria, to provide extended shelf life and product quality. Ozone has quickly become the disinfectant of choice among water bottlers ...

  • An assessment of consumer preferences on the drinking water market: today to the future

    In the 21st century, water has become a priority issue as a vital commodity which has no substitute and has growing economic and strategic value. It is predicted that a significant part of the world population will be faced with drinking water problems in the coming years. This study was focused on the determination of consumer preference trends for drinking water. In the scope of the study, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa in bottled drinking water in Sri Lanka: a potential health hazard

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a food- and water-borne opportunistic pathogen, constitutes a health risk mostly to immunocompromised patients, and also affects the taste, odour and turbidity of potable water. In order to detect P. aeruginosa in bottled water in Sri Lanka, 36 bottled water brands were collected randomly from retail and supermarkets island wide. P. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Predicting water filter and bottled water use in Appalachia: a community-scale case study

    A questionnaire survey was conducted in order to assess residents’ perceptions of water quality for drinking and recreational purposes in a mid-sized city in northcentral West Virginia. Two logistic regression analyses were conducted in order to investigate the factors that influence bottle use and filter use. Results show that 37% of respondents primarily use bottled water and that 58% use a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bottled Water Boycotts: Back to-the-Tap Movement Gains Momentum

    From San Francisco to New York to Paris, city governments, high-class restaurants, schools, and religious groups are ditching bottled water in favor of what comes out of the faucet. With people no longer content to pay 1,000 times as much for bottled water, a product no better than water from the tap, a backlash against bottled water is growing. The U.S. Conference of Mayors, which represents ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • New electrochemical sensor for sensitive quantification of copper in river, city, bottled and drinking water samples

    In the present study, a reliable and very sensitive sensor for the determination of ultra-trace of Cu(II) is proposed. Copper was determined by anodic differential pulse stripping voltammetry based on the adsorption collection of the Cu(II) on an encapsulated Schiff base onto multiwalled carbon nanotube paste working electrode. The variation of peak current with pH and several instrumental ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • Things You Should Know about Your Reusable Water Bottle

    Reusable water bottles are everywhere; on office desks, in gym bags, and in kids’ backpacks. And while it’s inexpensive, environmentally friendly, and incredibly convenient to stop by any tap or fountain for a quick refill, there are a few things to remember about these reusable bottles. Actually, there are a few things to remember about microorganisms: many of them love warmth, ...

  • The effect of seasonal climate on bottled water distribution in rural Cambodia

    The rural population of Cambodia currently has limited access to improved water sources, with monthly access significantly varying between the wet and dry seasons. This poses difficulties for many households across the country, especially in the dry season when stored rainwater – a common source for many – becomes difficult to obtain, necessitating a switch to sources unsafe for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The switch to refillable bottled water in Indonesia: a serious health risk

    In recent years, the consumption of refillable bottled water has increased considerably in emerging countries. However, the quality of this water is often questionable, as authorities lack the capacity to properly check refilling depots. Given that refillable bottled water not only replaces unimproved water sources, but also better-quality sources, like piped and branded bottled water, its ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Consumer perception of water quality, abundance, and cost: comparison of drinking water source, attitudes, and preference

    Public attitudes about drinking water quality, fresh water availability, water spending, and suitable uses for recycled water were determined with a survey administered to respondents in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), North America, and Europe. Statistically significant differences in perception were identified as a function of respondent’s country of residence. Among the findings are a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The role of bottled drinking water in achieving SDG 6.1: an analysis of affordability and equity from Jakarta, Indonesia

    Bottled water serves an increasingly large percentage of urban poor populations in lower-income countries, yet receives little attention within international development research and policy. This study investigates the impact of packaged drinking water (refill water) on affordability and equity of drinking water access by the urban poor under SDG 6.1, comparing refill water cost and ...


    By IWA Publishing

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