bottled water Articles

  • Water reuse for the bottled water industry

    ABSTRACTThe bottled water industry uses a machine specifically designed for the washing of its containers (19-L capacity) and generates 6-L wastewater/container. This effluent can be used for watering of green areas and car washing. The objectives of the present work were to characterize the effluent and to propose a specific treatment to enable reuse of the effluent from the container washing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy implications of bottled water

    As bottled water use continues to expand around the world, there is growing interest in the environmental, economical, and social implications of that use, including concerns about waste generation, proper use of groundwater, hydrologic effects on local surface and groundwater, economic costs, and more. A key concern is how much energy is required to produce and use bottled water. This paper ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Ozone Brings Better Bottled Water

    The proliferation of bottled beverages worldwide and an increased awareness of consumer health issues have beverage bottlers rethinking how to keep their liquids safe for consumption. One problem they face is the need to deliver a product that is free of bacteria, to provide extended shelf life and product quality. Ozone has quickly become the disinfectant of choice among water bottlers ...

  • Bottled versus tap water fact sheet

    Where does bottled water come from? Those beautiful mountain illustrations on water bottles are often very far from the true source of the water inside. Bottled water sources can be hard to track down, as bottled water manufacturers are not required to disclose where the water comes from or for that matter, what’s in their water. In fact, the best indicator of what kind of water ...

  • Ozone for Bottling Applications

    Over the last decades there has been an increasing demand for water in bottles, cans, etc.. This demand or trend, which has many reasons beyond the scope of this paper, has drawn manufacturers' attention to the necessity for specialised filling techniques. One particular problem that plagues the bottled water industry is the microbial quality of the bottled products. In the more recent past, ...

  • Determination of antimony in bottled water and polyethylene terephthalate bottles: a routine laboratory quality check

    The paper describes a modified and optimised conventional wet ashing method for the determination of antimony (Sb) in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles used for bottling sparkling and still water. The modified optimum conventional wet ashing method was applied as the digestion method to extract Sb from PET bottles, and the extracted Sb analysed using flame atomic absorption spectrometry ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Potential health impacts of consuming desalinated bottled water

    This study compared physicochemical properties, anion and carbon content and major and trace elements in desalinated and non-desalinated bottled water available in Qatar, and assessed the potential health risks associated with prolonged consumption of desalinated water. Results indicate that Qatar's population is not at elevated risk of dietary exposure to As (mean = 666 ng/L), Ba ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Perfluorinated compounds contamination in tap water and bottled water in Bangkok, Thailand

    Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) have been detected in the environment, in biota and in humans. The exposure pathways of these chemicals to humans are unclear. Tap water and bottled water are two possible pathways of PFCs occurrence in human blood. The major objectives of the study were to identify the occurrences of PFCs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bacterial contamination of reusable bottled drinking water in Ecuador

    In northern coastal Ecuador, water is routinely sold in 20 L reusable bottles for household consumption. These bottles are filled at central treatment facilities and distributed by private water companies. Similar bottled water markets are found in countries around the world. Commercially available bottled water offers an alternative source of drinking water in locations where piped ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Perceptions of bottled water consumers in three Brazilian municipalities

    This study presents perceptions of consumers of bottled water in their households in three Brazilian municipalities. Data from interviews were analyzed using the Discourse Collective Subject method. Interviewees spent, on average, the equivalent of 40% of their water bill for the public water supply on the purchase of bottled water. The decision about water consumption in the household ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The switch to refillable bottled water in Indonesia: a serious health risk

    In recent years, the consumption of refillable bottled water has increased considerably in emerging countries. However, the quality of this water is often questionable, as authorities lack the capacity to properly check refilling depots. Given that refillable bottled water not only replaces unimproved water sources, but also better-quality sources, like piped and branded bottled water, its ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bottled Water Boycotts: Back to-the-Tap Movement Gains Momentum

    From San Francisco to New York to Paris, city governments, high-class restaurants, schools, and religious groups are ditching bottled water in favor of what comes out of the faucet. With people no longer content to pay 1,000 times as much for bottled water, a product no better than water from the tap, a backlash against bottled water is growing. The U.S. Conference of Mayors, which represents ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • The effect of seasonal climate on bottled water distribution in rural Cambodia

    The rural population of Cambodia currently has limited access to improved water sources, with monthly access significantly varying between the wet and dry seasons. This poses difficulties for many households across the country, especially in the dry season when stored rainwater – a common source for many – becomes difficult to obtain, necessitating a switch to sources unsafe for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Predicting water filter and bottled water use in Appalachia: a community-scale case study

    A questionnaire survey was conducted in order to assess residents’ perceptions of water quality for drinking and recreational purposes in a mid-sized city in northcentral West Virginia. Two logistic regression analyses were conducted in order to investigate the factors that influence bottle use and filter use. Results show that 37% of respondents primarily use bottled water and that 58% use a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bottleless (POU) Water Cooler System Advantages Over Bottled Water Cooler Systems

    Bottleless water cooler (or point of use) systems advantages over bottled water cooler systems.  The use of Waterlogic products especially reduces energy and resource waste when compared to bottled water cooler ...


    By Waterlogic International Ltd

  • New drinking water scheme to cut plastic bottle use by millions

    Retailers, coffee shops, businesses and local authorities in every major city and town across England will offer free refill stations for people to top-up their water bottles by 2021. ...

  • Things You Should Know about Your Reusable Water Bottle

    Reusable water bottles are everywhere; on office desks, in gym bags, and in kids’ backpacks. And while it’s inexpensive, environmentally friendly, and incredibly convenient to stop by any tap or fountain for a quick refill, there are a few things to remember about these reusable bottles. Actually, there are a few things to remember about microorganisms: many of them love warmth, ...

  • Permeation testing of PET bottles in the production of mineral water - Case Study

    S.Pellegrino mineral water is recognized globally as one of the leading mineral waters on the market. Flowing from a thermal springs in the heart of the Orobic Alps, its properties were known and appreciated since the thirteenth century. In the late nineteenth century it reached peak popularity. In response to the growing demand for entire cases of water from the springs in 1899 the modern ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • Water bottling plant chooses Greyline for level control - Case Study

    When of Calgary Alberta needed to automate water tank levels at their bottling plant in Calgary Alberta they called on Packaging of High River, Alberta for system advice. They selected Greyline SLT32 Ultrasonic Level Monitors with digital level display and programmable control relays for level control in five stainless steel tanks. Culligan were able to double up level monitoring of two tanks ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Water bottling plant chooses Greyline for level control - Case Study

    Culligan were able to double up level monitoring of two tanks with one instrument because pairs of identical-sized tanks were interconnected with a 2” pipe near their base. The Greyline SLT32 was calibrated to display the combined volume of both tanks. This function worked with a two vertical tanks as well as a pair of horizontal round tanks where the SLT32’s HRT round tank volume ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you