bottom ash Articles

  • Water impounded bottom ash collection systems

    Ash is a by-product of the combustion process in power generating stations that burn coal as a primary fuel. Combustion takes place in a boiler that is actually a large open furnace. The walls of the furnace are lined with pipes that carry water to produce steam that powers a turbine generator. Ash is present in two forms: 1) Fly-ash, a lighter material that exits the boiler in the flue-gas ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Artificial carbonation for controlling the mobility of critical elements in bottom ash

    Abstract  In municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI), bottom ash, generated at a stoker grate type incinerator, the critical elements were identified in terms of EU regulation. The stabilizing effect of moderate carbonation (pH 8.28 ± 0.03) on critical contaminants was studied through availability and diffusion leaching protocols. Data from the performed tests were evaluated with the goal ...


  • Artificial carbonation for controlling the mobility of critical elements in bottom ash

    In municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI), bottom ash, generated at a stoker grate type incinerator, the critical elements were identified in terms of EU regulation. The stabilizing effect of moderate carbonation (pH 8.28 ± 0.03) on critical contaminants was studied through availability and diffusion leaching protocols. Data from the performed tests were evaluated with the goal of reusing MSWI ...


    By Springer

  • Chemical sequential extraction of heavy metals and sulphur in bottom ash and in fly ash from a pulp and paper mill complex

    A five-stage sequential extraction procedure was used to determine the distribution of 11 metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Mo, Pb, Zn, As, Co, V, Ni, Ba), and sulphur (S) in bottom ash and in fly ash from a fluidized bed co-combustion (i.e. wood and peat) boiler of Stora Enso Oyj Oulu Mill at Oulu, Northern Finland, into the following fractions: (1) water-soluble fraction (H2O); (2) exchangeable fraction ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Removal of phosphorus from wastewaters by biomass ashes

    Removal batch assays of phosphates from a synthetic wastewater (SWW) and a pulp and paper mill wastewater (PPWW) with two forestry biomass ashes were performed. The supernatants were not only chemically characterized but also the ecotoxicity was determined using two organisms: Vibrio fischeri and Artemia franciscana. The addition of fly ash and bottom ash to the SWW in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The behaviour of phosphorus and heavy metals in sewage sludge ashes

    The effect of the combustion atmosphere and the additives (CaO and HCl) on the behaviour of phosphorus and heavy metals during sewage sludge combustion was investigated. The results demonstrated that the reduction combustion promoted the vapourisation of phosphorus and heavy metals during sewage sludge combustion. Moreover, the concentrations of phosphorus and heavy metals in the bottom ash ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The influence of ash concentration on change of flow and pressure in slurry transportation

    This paper presents the results of the tests on the most suitable concentration for the ash and the bottom ash hydromixture transport. The tests were carried-out at the semi-industrial installations at the Mineral Processing Laboratory of the University of Belgrade. As the decisive parameters, the change of the flow and the pressure in the relation to the concentration change were analysed. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Preparation and characterization of sorbents prepared from ash (waste material) for sulfur dioxide (SO2) removal

    Sorbents synthesized from various types of ash (coal fly ash, coal bottom ash, oil palm ash, and incinerator ash) for flue gas desulfurization were investigated. The sorbents were prepared by mixing the ashes with calcium oxide and calcium sulfate using the water hydration method. The effects of various sorbent preparation variables, such as the hydration period, the ratio of calcium oxide to ...


    By Springer

  • Precipitation of heavy metals from coal ash leachate using biogenic hydrogen sulfide generated from FGD gypsum

    Investigations were undertaken to utilize flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum for the treatment of leachate from the coal ash (CA) dump sites. Bench-scale investigations consisted of three main steps namely hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production by sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) using sulfate from solubilized FGD gypsum as the electron acceptor, followed by leaching of heavy metals (HMs) from coal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dewatering bin carryover study

    Bottom ash dewatering bins (hydro-bins) at coal fuel utility plants allow ash material to carry over to ash settling ponds, or in the case of closed loop systems, re-circulate suspended ash solids, resulting in the following problems: Frequent and expensive dredging of settling ponds Excessive wear on system components caused by re-circulating suspendedsolids Labor intensive manual ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Influence of Decreasing Heating Value on MSW Combustion

    Test runs in the TAMARA test facility to investigate the influence of decreasing lower heating value on the combustion of waste showed that the combustion quality could easily be kept constant at heating values exceeding 5 MJ/kg. The burnout of grate ashes and flue gas had slightly fallen off at lower heating values whereas the level of PCDD/F in the raw gas stayed constant in all tests. The ...


    By AquaConsoil

  • Review of coal as a promising source of lithium

    Coals are a major source of pollution in certain parts of the world due to mining, coal combustion, and disposal of fly ash. The recovery of valuable rare metals from coals or coal–processing byproducts is a promising way to utilise these traditional resources economically, efficiently and in an environmentally friendly way. Lithium, a highly interesting metal, has been found dispersed and even ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mercury speciation and distribution in a 660-megawatt utility boiler in Taiwan firing bituminous coals

    Mercury speciation and distribution in a 660-MW tangential-fired utility boiler in Taiwan burning Australian and Chinese bituminous coal blends was investigated. Flue gases were simultaneously sampled at the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) inlet, the SCR outlet, the electrostatic precipitator (ESP) outlet, and the stack. Samplings of coal, lime, bottom ash/slag, fly ash, and gypsum slurry ...

  • Geotube Dewatering Technology Helps Manage Wastes From Power Generation - Case Study

    Power generation by-products such as fly ash and bottom ash can be a real challenge to remove and manage. But a simple technology allows facilities large and small to easily consolidate these materials—and make adjustments as needed based on volume. It's called Geotube dewatering technology, and it involves pumping sludge through a specially designed fabric container. The water filters ...

  • How fire can be tamed

    Combustion dies at the interface between breathable air and macroscopic pieces of certain involatile fuels. If fed only them, in a compressed oxygen chamber, it makes an almost sunlike flame that cannot run wild. If upon dilution to manageable coolness the ash drops to the chamber bottom, and from there can be removed without the diluent, true harnessbrokenness is possible. Excess oxygen can be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lightweight concrete mix profitable using heavyweight batch mixer

    To increase production of concrete mixes containing coal fired power generation plant ash products, Charah Inc. opened a new manufacturing plant in Emporia, VA, which also serves as a warehouse and distribution center for other concrete industry products. Profit margins are slim in this high volume business, so management placed great emphasis on the capital and operational costs of the equipment ...

  • Petrological characteristics of lower Gondwana coal from Singrauli coalfield, Madhya Pradesh, India

    This paper entails the results of petrological studies carried out on coal samples drawn from two lower Gondwana coal bearing horizons (Raniganj formation and Barakar formation) of the Singrauli coalfield, Son basin. It emerges from this study that the coals of this basin are banded in nature and are dominated by ‘banded dull’ and ‘dull’ components. Further, vitrinite and inertinite are the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Volatility of heavy metals during incineration of tannery sludge in the presence of chlorides and phosphoric acid

    Knowledge of the behaviour of heavy metals in the combustion process is a most important factor in selecting disposal alternatives for waste materials. Accordingly, in this work, the vaporization behaviour of highly concentrated heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu and Cr) in tannery sludge were investigated experimentally. The sludge was spiked with various chlorine compounds (i.e. PVC, FeCl3, CaCl2 and ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • The Influence of PVC on the Quantity and Hazardousness of Flue Gas Cleaning Residues from Incineration

    The study estimates the influence of PVC on the quantity and hazardousness of flue gas residues from incineration. The analysis has been carried out on both theoretical and practical terms. A distinction between dry, semi-dry and wet gas treatment systems has been made. The influence of PVC has been assessed on the combustion steps and therefore on the distribution of chlorine and other ...

  • Customer comparison of Rotomite-6000 to competitive products-case study

    Crisafulli Sales Engineer's field report (May 2003) The Rotomite-6000 was a pleasure to operate. We dredged bottom ash and silt. The Rotomite Cobra Cutterhead's down pressure and articulation capabilities make the Rotomite-6000 effective against crusted sludge. The Customer had an unsatisfactory experience with a competitor's dredge, which they had rented the prior year: the ...


    By SRS Crisafulli, Inc.

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