brackish water desalination Articles

  • Brackish water desalination technologies

    This paper classifies various types of water according to their total dissolved salt content. It then discusses various technologies for brackish water desalination and their advantages and disadvantages. These technologies include different thermal processes as well as membrane processes. The thermal processes include Multistage Flash (MSF), Multieffect Distillation (MED) and Vapour Compression ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination of brackish groundwater by direct contact membrane distillation

    The direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) applied for desalination of brackish groundwater with self-made polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes was presented in the paper. The PVDF membrane exhibited high rejection of non-volatile inorganic salt solutes and a maximum permeate flux 24.5 kg m−2 h−1 was obtained with feed temperature at 70°C. The DCMD experimental results indicated that the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of intermittent operation on a wind-powered membrane system for brackish water desalination

    Renewable energy powered membrane systems that are directly-connected must take account of both the inherent fluctuations and the intermittency of the energy resource. In order to determine the effect of intermittent operation, a membrane system was tested with variables of (i) amplitude from 60 to 300 W and (ii) length of time with no power from 0.5 to 3 min. This was performed over one hour ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy evaluation and treatment efficiency of vacuum membrane distillation for brackish water desalination

    Strict environmental regulations have led to the rapid development of membrane separation technologies for the production of potable water, for industrial water supply, and for the reuse and discharge of treated wastewater. Promotion of water recycling and the provision of potable water from brackish water prevent significant negative effects on the environment and drinking water supplies. This ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of high flux brackish water thin film composite membranes in the desalination of highly saline ground water

    The improvements in flux and membrane designs have enabled us to install smaller and economical two-stage reverse osmosis systems suitable for small village communities situated near coastal areas to provide safe drinking water. In addition, the advent of higher productivity and better salt rejection membranes has allowed us to operate the systems at low pressure in both stages. Our two-stage ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Greenhouse based desalination for brackish water management using bittern evaporative cooling technique

    The Arab region is characterized by arid and semi-arid conditions with very limited renewable water resources. Most of the surface water comes from transboundary streams and most of the groundwater resources are fossil in nature. Water quality degradation and excessive use of pesticides and herbicides in agriculture pose severe environmental and health risks. The underlying research is a joint ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of new generation brackish water RO

    Since the development of brackish water reverse osmosis (RO) membranes their use has seen rapid development.  All major RO membrane manufacturers have developed one or more brackish water RO membranes.  In the last ten years these membranes have seen a large decrease in price and an increase in productivity making brackish groundwater desalination an attractive option in water scarce regions.  ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • A new frontier in Texas: managing and regulating brackish groundwater

    The challenge of providing access to clean water is visible in Texas, where chronic drought coincides with increasing water demand. The 2012 Texas State Water Plan reports a 2,700 million cubic metres (MCM) gap between freshwater supply and demand in 2010, a number predicted to grow to 3,100 MCM by 2060. Due to the difficulty of reducing water demand, policy makers and water providers are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water resources and the potential of brackish groundwater extraction in Egypt: a review

    A review of water resources in Egypt indicates that Nile water is fully utilized and the available quantity could potentially decrease by approximately 19% due to proposed water usage by neighboring countries. Seawater desalination and groundwater extraction are the only options to increase Egypt's water supply. The extraction and desalination of brackish groundwater is suggested ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The potential for desalination in India

    The demand for water in India is increasing rapidly owing to progressive increase in the use of water for irrigation, rapid industrialisation, population growth and improving life standards. A holistic approach is therefore required to cope with the freshwater needs of the country. It includes: seawater desalination in coastal areas; brackish water desalination; water purification; water reuse; ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the performance limitation of reverse osmosis water desalination systems

    The performance of Reverse Osmosis (RO) water desalination processes was investigated using a simulated brackish water plant based on spiral-wound membranes. A semi-rigorous mathematical model was employed in the simulation to calculate the water and salt fluxes at any point along the filtration channel. The effects of two key parameters, namely the transmembrane pressure and membrane surface ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination and water recovery: control of membrane fouling

    Ultrafiltration (UF), Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) technologies are widely used for the production of safe drinking water, and for the recovery of reusable water from various industrial effluent streams. The most commonly encountered phenomenon in these processes, especially in water recovery application, is membrane fouling, and control of membrane fouling is regarded as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advances in desalination technology

    Seawater desalination has been the cornerstone of the Middle East's water supply strategy since the mid-1950s, and most of the installed desalination capacity is still provided by multistage flash evaporators. But, desalination is changing. In fact, the term "desalination" is no longer limited to seawater applications; desalination technologies are now routinely employed to desalinate brackish ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination gets a graphene boost

    Original story at MIT News Jeffrey Grossman applies new materials research to making desalination cheaper and more efficient. With the intensifying drought in California, the state has accelerated the construction of desalination plants. Yet due to high construction and operating costs, as ...

  • Mild desalination of various raw water streams

    For chemical industries, fresh water availability is a pre-requisite for sustainable operation. However, in many delta areas around the world, fresh water is scarce. Therefore, the E4Water project (www.e4water.eu) comprises a case study at the Dow site in Terneuzen, The Netherlands, which is designed to develop commercial applications for mild desalination of brackish ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A brief review of desalination in Australia in 2010

    Recent climate changes and population growth throughout Australia have highlighted the need for more diverse and climate-independent water sources. Australia is the world's driest inhabited continent and the unpredictable climate means that the Australian population generally requires up to five times the water storage than does an equivalent population in the UK. Although 85% of its people live ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Drought Forces Push to Recycle, Reuse and Potential in Brackish Water for Oil & Gas Industry: Interview with BioLargo CEO

    UPTICK Interview: BioLargo's AOS Filter Delivers Abundant Clean Water Even In Drought The headlines are full of discussion on water shortages and drought with few options consistently noted beyond the need to conserve and manage the precious resource. To gain perspective on the problem and explore viable solutions UPTICK Newswire interviewed ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • Desalination pre‐treatment with LFNano

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low‐fouling. membrane systems. The Company leverages the proprietary low‐fouling nanofiltration. (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid. particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, the LFNano ...

  • Breakthrough in energy efficient desalination technology

    Saltworks' proof-tested process employs an innovative thermo-ionic energy conversion system. The energy reduction is achieved by harnessing low temperature heat and atmospheric dryness to overcome the desalination energy barrier. The system works best in the dry regions that need water. Saltworks President Joshua Zoshi said, 'a desalination technology powered by atmospheric dryness is very much ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

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