brackish water reverse osmosis Articles

  • Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis Devices, Dubai UAE

    INTRODUCTION In August 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. designed and manufactured brackish water reverse osmosis devices to a major company in Dubai, UAE to treat well water. There were four BW-1.5K-140 systems each designed to produce 1,500 GPD at a feed water TDS of a maximum 5,000 ppm, it was selected from our ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Reverse Osmosis and Water Purification

    From water reuse to desalination, reverse osmosis plays a key role in supplying fresh water where it’s needed ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Brackish water desalination technologies

    This paper classifies various types of water according to their total dissolved salt content. It then discusses various technologies for brackish water desalination and their advantages and disadvantages. These technologies include different thermal processes as well as membrane processes. The thermal processes include Multistage Flash (MSF), Multieffect Distillation (MED) and Vapour Compression ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reverse Osmosis Element Design

    Introduction  TORAY REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE ELEMENTS are functional membrane elements with excellent quality and high performance developed with the polymer engineering expertise Toray has gained over the years. Toray Reverse Osmosis Membrane Elements are high rejection and high flux RO elements that have been meeting the high level requirements of our customers in many applications: ...


    By Toray Membrane Europe

  • Brackish Water as a Resource

    There’s a great deal of talk and debate about the value of treating brackish water, or water that is more saline than fresh water, but not quite as saline as seawater. Brackish water can result from the mixing of seawater with fresh water, as in surface waters such as estuaries or other watery ecosystems, or it can occur underground in aquifers. Salinity Levels Although ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Biological filtration of poor quality brackish water reducing Reverse Osmosis membrane fouling

    Abstract A primary limitation in applying Reverse Osmosis (RO) is loss of performance caused by membrane fouling resulting from compounds that bacteria can use as energy or nutrient sources. When these compounds enter RO membranes, they are capable of sustaining extensive bacterial growths on the membrane sheets as well as within feed channel spacers. This leads to the entrapment of ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Boron removal from brackish water by reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes: application of Spiegler–Kedem model and optimization

    Drinking water should contain certain chemicals only in limited quantities. Boron, one of these chemicals which is considered as a threatening compound and is difficult to eliminate from water. The purpose of the research is to study the major role of reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) process which can contribute to the removal of this inorganic element from brackish water. For this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On the performance limitation of reverse osmosis water desalination systems

    The performance of Reverse Osmosis (RO) water desalination processes was investigated using a simulated brackish water plant based on spiral-wound membranes. A semi-rigorous mathematical model was employed in the simulation to calculate the water and salt fluxes at any point along the filtration channel. The effects of two key parameters, namely the transmembrane pressure and membrane surface ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of forward osmosis in reusing the brackish concentrate produced in reverse osmosis plants with secondary treated wastewater as feed solution: a case study

    This study evaluated the feasibility of forward osmosis (FO) in diluting and reusing the concentrate produced in a reverse osmosis (RO) plant in James City County, VA. Secondary treated wastewater (STW) was used as the feed solution. Findings indicated that pH had slight effects on the water flux of the FO membrane. As the concentration of total dissolved solids (TDS) in the concentrate was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brackish groundwater desalination on the rise

    Brackish water is water that is more saline than fresh. It’s not quite as saline as seawater, but it’s still too salty to be used without treatment. Typically, advanced treatment technologies — reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration, as well as other membrane-based technologies — are needed to purify and desalinate brackish groundwater before its use. Brackish groundwater ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis

    High levels of iron and manganese, along with large quantities of dissolved gases in the wells created concern for the viability of a conventional desalination design for the proposed City of Camarillo groundwater desalination facility. To identify viable pre-treatment process(es) for the control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis, a 12-month pilot study was undertaken. The pilot study ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis

    High levels of iron and manganese, along with large quantities of dissolved gases in the wells created concern for the viability of a conventional desalination design for the proposed City of Camarillo groundwater desalination facility. To identify viable pre-treatment process(es) for the control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis, a 12-month pilot study was undertaken. The pilot study ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Evaluating impact of fouling on reverse osmosis membranes performance

    Abstract Membrane fouling is commonly defined as an undesirable formation of deposits on mem- brane surfaces and it is considered a major problem in most brackish, seawater, and waste water reclamation applications. Depending on nature of the scale and foulant, fouling pro- cesses will lead to decreased membrane fluxes, increased pressures needs, and/or increased permeate conductivity. ...

  • Evaluation of new generation brackish water RO

    Since the development of brackish water reverse osmosis (RO) membranes their use has seen rapid development.  All major RO membrane manufacturers have developed one or more brackish water RO membranes.  In the last ten years these membranes have seen a large decrease in price and an increase in productivity making brackish groundwater desalination an attractive option in water scarce regions.  ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Preliminary evaluation of new green antiscalants for reverse osmosis water desalination

    Supplying fresh water has become an important environmental and economic issue. Desalination with reverse osmosis (RO) represents an effective solution to meet the challenges of cleaning brackish water and seawater for drinking and industrial purposes. The principal problem of RO plant operation is the precipitation of low soluble salts (scaling). There are some well-known techniques to reduce ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of intermittent operation on a wind-powered membrane system for brackish water desalination

    Renewable energy powered membrane systems that are directly-connected must take account of both the inherent fluctuations and the intermittency of the energy resource. In order to determine the effect of intermittent operation, a membrane system was tested with variables of (i) amplitude from 60 to 300 W and (ii) length of time with no power from 0.5 to 3 min. This was performed over one hour ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reverse Osmosis vs Nanofiltration Membrane Process: What Is the Difference?

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and Nanofiltration (NF) are physical separation technologies used to remove contaminates from liquid streams. In recent years, RO/NF technologies have become more efficient and affordable for use across a variety of industrial applications, including ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Preservation of reverse osmosis membranes with non oxidizing biocides – comparison with SMBS

    Sodium metabisulphite (SMBS) is the current standard preservation chemical used in RO plants during shut down. It is a cheap and efficient preservative, but its tendency to oxidize easily has several drawbacks. The use of a non-oxidizing biocide instead could solve some of the issues currently seen with the SMBS, but little has been reported about membrane compatibility and preservation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What are the best companies for Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Systems?

    For industrial facilities looking to reverse osmosis (RO) or nanofiltration (NF) membrane systems for their purification and/or separation technology needs, an important question to consider is, “What are the best companies for reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membrane systems?” ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Optimization and economic analysis for a small scale nanofiltration and reverse osmosis water desalination system

    This paper presents the results of a techno-economic investigation of a nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) process for treating brackish water. Optimization experiments of six commercially available small scale RO and NF membranes were carried out using formulated artificial groundwater. A predictive model was developed by using response surface methodology (RSM) for optimization of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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