bubble aeration Articles

  • Why does modern aeration technology make the treasurer happy?

    The aerzen combined system provides optimum efficiencies at the wallau wastewater treatment plant The combination of different technologies for air conveying enablesoptimal energy use of oxygen for biological degradation processes in wastewater treatment plants. Concrete savings resulting from the use  of AERZEN machines demonstrate this in practice at the Wallau plant.  In 2016, ...


    By Aerzen USA Corporation

  • Towards advanced aeration modelling: from blower to bubbles to bulk

    Aeration is an essential component of aerobic biological wastewater treatment and is the largest energy consumer at most water resource recovery facilities. Most modelling studies neglect the inherent complexity of the aeration systems used. Typically, the blowers, air piping, and diffusers are not modelled in detail, completely mixed reactors in a series are used to represent plug-flow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of Biofouling Control in a Membrane Bioreactor Via Two Coarse Bubble Aeration Cycles

    In the membrane bioreactor (MBR) process, coarse bubble aeration is used to scour the surface of the membranes to help control biofouling. Energy required for coarse bubble aeration represents a significant fraction of the total power demand for these systems. To reduce this demand, MBR systems manufactured by Zenon Environmental Inc. operate with cyclic aeration, using a cycle of 10 seconds on ...

  • Design of fine-bubble aeration systems for municipal WWTPs with high sea salt concentrations

    The impact of sea salt on the aeration coefficient kLa of fine-bubble aeration systems was investigated in clean water and in a model substance for simulating activated sludge. The investigations were carried out at laboratory and pilot scale. Sea salt was dosed in the form of artificial seawater, real seawater or simplified, by adding NaCl. The investigated media showed an increase of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy, cost and design aspects of coarse- and fine-bubble aeration systems in the MBBR IFAS process

    With the MBBR IFAS (moving bed biofilm reactor integrated fixed-film activated sludge) process, the biomass required for biological wastewater treatment is either suspended or fixed on free-moving plastic carriers in the reactor. Coarse- or fine-bubble aeration systems are used in the MBBR IFAS process. In this study, the oxygen transfer efficiency (OTE) of a coarse-bubble aeration system was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The principles of aeration and mixing utilizing process aerator technology

    Aeration and mixing are necessary elements for aerobic biological wastewater treatment processes to maintain a healthy, stabilized biological population and thus, insure optimal treatment of the wastewater assuming there is adequate contact time and substrate available. In the design of wastewater treatment plants, aeration typically involves supply of both oxygen and mixing. Aeration is a large ...

  • Fighting Foam in Aeration Tanks

    Just like a poorly poured pint of beer can wreak havoc on your coffee table, excessive foam formation in aeration tanks can create operational challenges for both municipal and industrial treatment plant operators.  In municipal plants, foam formation is common during secondary treatment startup, as the young microbiology is unable to breakdown surfactants associated with soap, shampoo, ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • Modelling aerated flows with smoothed particle hydrodynamics

    Modelling aerated flows is a complex application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) since the interfaces between air and water change rapidly. In this work, the simulation of aerated flows with the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method is investigated with a focus towards the application in engineering practice. To prove the accuracy of the method, the processes of air entrainment and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The influence of aeration on the change in corrosiveness and aggressiveness of groundwater

    A high concentration of aggressive carbon dioxide disturbs many technological processes in water treatment. It also causes the development of corrosion in steel and concrete. De-acidification of groundwater by means of air bubbles alters pH and the concentration of aggressive carbon dioxide. This was investigated for the variables of air flow (Q = 20–50 L h−1) and height of water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Aeration ditch upgrade exceeds expectations

    Triton Process Aerators Meets Future Nitrogen Permit Regulations When the a Pennsylvania Sewer Authority was researching methods to improve the dissolved oxygen levels in its wastewater treatment plant’s oxidation ditches in 2001, they decided to totally replace its aging brush rotor system. They replaced the rotors with the  ...

  • Alpha Factors in Full-Scale Wastewater Aeration Systems

    ABSTRACTSurface active agents depress gas transfer at gas-liquid interfaces. They are present as measurable trace contaminants at all environmental and at most industrial gas-liquid interfaces. This paper presents the results of several studies, including lab and full scale studies that show the depression of gas transfer, usually quantified by the alpha factor, can be related to the Reynolds ...

  • The effects of different aeration patterns on aerobic granulation

    In this study, the effects of aeration patterns in terms of intra- (S1) and extra- (S2) aeration on aerobic granulation were investigated. Granules developed in S1 were retarded due to the high shear force of highly mixed air bubbles, and they were more solid while the S2 granules were porous with many distinct pores and channels. Mature granules in two series had comparable specific oxygen ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Efficient aeration system boosts energy savings

    A new efficient aeration system saves the Ontario, Ore., wastewater treatment facility $47,000 annually in energy costs. Besides giving this community a financial boost, the new system netted additional equipment cost savings by cutting aeration horsepower by more than half at the plant. The environmentally conscious city, located in the Oregon/Idaho border area, is meeting all of its effluent ...

  • Case study - Cheese manufacturer gets aeration upgrade

    Largest Cheese Manufacturer in the UK Gets Aeration Upgrade Dairy Crest Davidstow Creamery in Camelford is the largest cheddar cheese manufacturer in the UK. The process of collecting and processing milk is a 24/7 operation, generating effluent round the clock and needing to be treated and disposed of continuously. Effluent from the cheese-making process contains high fat content and ...

  • A perfect pair: SBR designs & advanced aeration technology

    Conventional sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) that utilize diffused-air networks have existed in the U.S. for about three decades now. The reliability of controls and instrumentation has significantly improved in the last 10 to 15 years, and as a result, SBR plant designs are becoming more widely accepted. The attractiveness of their compact layout and ease of operation has also helped increase ...

  • In Situ Local Parameter Measurements for CFD Modeling to Optimize Aeration

    ABSTRACTMeasurement methods to determine in situ local parameters were developed, in order to optimize design and operating parameters impacting oxygen transfer in aeration tanks equipped with EDPM membrane diffusers and slow speed mixers. New tools to measure bubble sizes and gas hold-ups were coupled with the traditional ones used to determine liquid velocities and oxygen transfer coefficients. ...

  • Improving Efficiency and Reducing Energy and Maintenance Costs in Aeration Systems

    Energy costs for operating an aeration system in a biological wastewater treatment plant often times exceeds 75% of the total energy costs for the plant. Adding in blower and diffuser maintenance costs, Aeration Systems are easily the most costly portion of the treatment process, many times consuming so many resources that other parts of the plant may not be properly maintained or operated. By ...

  • Energy efficient aeration of wastewaters from the pulp and paper industry

    More than 50% of the electrical power needed to treat pulp and paper industry effluents is used for aeration in biological treatment stages. A large share of the oxygen that passes through the wastewater is not consumed and will be found in the off-gas. Energy can be saved by aerating under conditions where the oxygen transfer is most efficient, for example at low concentrations of dissolved ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental investigations of aeration efficiency in high-head gated circular conduits

    The primary purpose of water aeration is to increase the oxygen saturation of the water. This can be achieved by using hydraulic structures because of substantial air bubble entrainment at these structures. Closed conduit aeration is a particular instance of this. While there has been a great deal of research on air-demand ratio within closed conduit, very little research has specifically ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a fixed-bed biofilm reactor with microbubble aeration in aerobic wastewater treatment

    Microbubble aeration is supposed to be highly efficient for oxygen supply in aerobic wastewater treatment. In the present study, the performance of a fixed-bed biofilm reactor microbubble-aerated using a Shirasu porous glass (SPG) membrane system was investigated when treating synthetic municipal wastewater. The biofilm formation on the carriers was enhanced with microbubble aeration due to ...


    By IWA Publishing

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