calculate storm event runoff Articles

  • Building soils for storm water compliance and successful landscapes

    THE SOILS for Salmon project - initiated in 1999 by the Washington Organic Recycling Council (WORC) - has been building momentum through collaboration with the Washington Department of Transportation (WSDOT), regulators at the state Department of Ecology, local governments, scientists, and green leaders in the building, landscape and development industries. Over the years, the Soils for Salmon ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Water Quality Benefits of Grass Swales in Managing Highway Runoff

    ABSTRACTGrass swales are a vegetated stormwater management technology that can remove surface runoff contamination through sedimentation, filtration by the grass blades, infiltration to the soil, and likely some biological processes. Two full-scale grass swales in the median of a four-lane highway were monitored during 18 storm events to characterize the overall performance of grass swales as a ...

  • Performance assessment of modelling tools for high resolution runoff simulation over an industrial site

    Intense rainfall can generate storm sewer system failures along with large surface runoff events which represent an issue for industrial sites' security assessment. Numerical modelling tools, including standard bi-dimensional (2D) free surface flow models, are applied in a wide variety of flood risk practical studies straight from the purpose for which they had originally been designed. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • OSU Researchers Deploy Stevens Equipment in Study of Green Infrastructure Treatment for Groundwater Runoff

    Stormwater runoff pollution is a serious issue that faces almost every urban and suburban environment. In older city infrastructure, runoff from roofs, parking lots, and streets flows directly into the sewer system and must be handled by the municipal wastewater treatment facility, increasing the amount of work the system must undertake. For the past 30 years, the infrastructure for stormwater ...

  • A real-time control strategy for separation of highly polluted storm water based on UV–Vis online measurements – from theory to operation

    ‘Classical’ real-time control (RTC) strategies in sewer systems are based on water level and flow measurements with the goal of activation of retention volume. The control system rule of ‘clean (storm water) runoff into the receiving water – polluted runoff into the treatment plant’ has been thwarted by rough operating conditions and lack of measurements. Due to the specific boundary conditions ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Testing a grid-based soil erosion model across topographically complex landscapes

    This study was conducted to evaluate the overall performance of the Precision Agricultural-Landscape Modeling System (PALMS) for calculating runoff and soil loss under cropped conditions. The PALMS model uses a lognormal distribution of saturated hydraulic conductivity across the fields to simulate typical soil heterogeneity within soil texture classes. Runoff and soil loss data were collected in ...

  • A sheet erodibility parameter for water erosion modeling in regions with low intensity rain

    Soil erodibility reflects the soil effect on the detachment process by rainfall and runoff; an evaluation of this parameter for single storm events was carried out using natural runoff plot data collected for two rainfall seasons in northern Iraq. The region is characterized by a semiarid Mediterranean-type climate with normal rainfall intensity below 20 mm/h and dominant sheet erosion on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimation of build-up and wash-off models parameters for an east-Australian catchment

    This paper presents calibration of a catchment water quality model for continuous simulation of the water quality parameters from a catchment to the catchment outlet. The model is an integration of two sub-models: the hydrologic model and the water quality model. The hydrologic model estimates the amount of surface water runoff generated from the catchment during the storm event/ events. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Spatially Distributed Hydrological Modeling considering Land-use changes using Remote sensing and GIS

    Distributed hydrological modeling considering spatial variability using remote sensing, and GIS is developed to assess the changes in runoff value due to land use change in a hydrological basin. Kathmandu Valley basin, Nepal, is chosen as a basin of case study. In this paper, a spatially distributed model with SCS curve number is developed to assess the runoff changes due to land-use changes. It ...


  • The development of a novel approach for assessment of the first flush in urban stormwater discharges

    The management of stormwater pollution has placed particular emphasis on the first flush phenomenon. However, definition and current methods of analyses of the phenomena contain serious limitations, the most important being their inability to capture a possible impact of the event size (total event volume) on the first flush. This paper presents the development of a novel approach in defining and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis on LID for highly urbanized areas’ waterlogging control: demonstrated on the example of Caohejing in Shanghai

    Although a commonly applied measure across the United States and Europe for alleviating the negative impacts of urbanization on the hydrological cycle, low impact development (LID) has not been widely used in highly urbanized areas, especially in rapidly urbanizing cities in developing countries like China. In this paper, given five LID practices including Bio-Retention, Infiltration Trench, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring Tools for Watershed Assessments

     Weston Solutions, Inc. (WESTON®) has designed and implemented a watershed-based monitoring program with the San Diego County Copermittees. The monitoring program includes three elements: Mass Loading Station (MLS) Monitoring, Stream Bioassessment Monitoring, and Ambient Bay and Lagoon Monitoring. The core program includes the collection and analysis of stormwater runoff during three storm ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Determination of Fecal Coliform Loading and its Impact on River Water Quality for TMDL Development

    ABSTRACTThe reach of Red River of the North flowing through the Cities of Fargo, ND and Moorhead, MN has been impaired due to the fecal coliform. Analyses of water quality samples and rainfall data showed that high coliform concentration in the river was related to rain events, and runoffs from the urban areas are major sources of fecal coliform contamination. To determine the fecal coliform ...

  • Statistical evaluation of bioretention system for hydrologic performance

    Long-term retention performance is a common performance indicator for low-impact development practices, such as rain barrels, rain gardens, and green roofs. This paper introduces a numerical approach for the estimation of annual retention ratios of stormwater by bioretention. The annual retention ratio is taken as the ratio of the annual accumulated volume of stormwater retained by bioretention ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Benefits of a BaySaver Separation System for Wet Pond Pretreatment

    There are instances when a BaySaver Separation System may be used as a pretreatment device for a wet pond; when environmental regulations require it; or when a stand alone physical separator is not enough to meet an 80% removal efficiency using solely this product. There are cost benefits associated with using BaySaver products in conjunction with other Best Management Practices (BMPs). In the ...


    By BaySaver Technologies, Inc.

  • Problem Solving with InfoWorks RS 2: Two Alternative Methodologies for Examining Flood Risks

    The first article in this Problem Solving series on using InfoWorks RS for river management looked at the assessment of flood risks.  This second article looks in more detail at the two alternative approaches that are used – event based flood mapping, and flood frequency mapping, which gives a more detailed analysis of the probability of flooding at different locations of the river system. Event ...


    By Innovyze

  • What is so hard about drainage modeling?

    Drainage modeling often suffers from the misconception that it is simple, but while it appears obvious that rain water will flow to the lowest point, the physical processes involved are not always well-understood or predictable. Drainage models attempt to predict that part of the water cycle that involves rainfall and its consequences, including potential flooding. Although flooding is, at its ...


    By Innovyze

  • Monitoring watershed health

    Background Municipal water quality managers recognize the need for data that can be used to monitor and assess the impact of urbanization on the condition of natural watersheds. Storm events, in conjunction with the alteration of native landscape, building of roads and overuse of fertilizer, can contribute to excess nutrients, sediment and other pollutants in environmentally significant ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Integrated InfoWorks CS modeling unravels the causes of complex Birmingham flooding

    Atkins Group has effectively modeled two trial catchments that highlight the potential of MWH Soft’s InfoWorks CS to improve understanding and communication of the issues and potential solutions for urban drainage. The consultancy is undertaking a landmark research project for UK Water Industry Research (UKWIR) on the effects of climate change on sewerage networks (see box below) and has ...


    By Innovyze

  • Erosion and Sediment Control: Navigating NPDES Regulations, the SWPPP, and Techniques for Compliance

    Erosion and Sedimentation: Why Are They a Problem? The US Environmental Protection Agency lists sediment as the single most common pollutant in rivers, streams, lakes, and reservoirs. With all the potentially harmful chemicals and substances in the world, it seems odd to many people that sediment—dirt, essentially—is singled out as the major culprit. Yet these particles of ...


    By FINN Corporation

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