calibration gas mixtures Articles

  • Sonic nozzles for gas calibrators, when simplicity provides accuracy!

    Gas analyser’s calibration is a task required in many applications according to either legislation or quality systems management. This is the case for Air Pollution Monitoring or Continuous Emissions Monitoring devices installed in cabinets, for continuous analysis in remote locations. Measurements in traces range are performed and analytical devices specifications need to be validated and ...


    By LNI Swissgas

  • The Cost of Inaccurate CEM Calibration Gases

    Utility companies and other users of Continuous Emissions Monitoring (CEM) calibration gases often mistakenly consider them a commodity, making price the primary purchase consideration. Consequently, many are willing to settle for calibration gases that are ...

  • FTIR gas monitor for diverse applications

    QUANTITECH, a leading supplier of environmental monitoring instrumentation, has recently supplied EURO Environmental Services in Ireland with a transportable Gasmet FTIR multiparameter gas analyser which EURO Environmental's Managing Director Geoff Fitzpatrick says, “is proving invaluable in many varied applications across a broad selection of industries.” With headquarters in Drogheda in Ireland ...


    By Quantitech Ltd

  • Gas detector communication technology for offshore oil and gas platforms

    In few applications is safety as important as on offshore oil and gas platforms. Explosive hazards from hydrocarbon gases and vapours are an ever-present risk, whilst toxic hydrogen sulphide gas and depleted oxygen environments can pose significant risks to personnel. Gas detectors are therefore essential to provide dependable early warning of gas hazards. Gas detectors are permanently installed ...

  • Gas Dilution With The Equal Capillaries Technique

    The advantages of the equal capillaries technique are surprising and leads to reach accuracy values of one order of magnitude higher than all the other dynamic dilution techniques. This comparison will be supported by analyzing the accuracy available with two different techniques. Nozzles (sonic or non-sonic) technique With this technique, a series of different size nozzles is used ...


    By Be.T.A. Strumentazione Srl

  • Chlorine Dioxide gas detection: A comprehensive guide

    Introduction Some years agoago, the bleaching process in the paper industry was changed from using Chlorine (Cl2) as bleaching agent to Chlorine dioxide (ClO2). This was a challenge forThis posed a major challenge to industrial hygienists, as there were no sensors or detectors available that were specific to Chlorine dioxide: There was no sensor technology for gas detectors available that ...

  • FTIR resolution requirements for industrial gas analyses

    FTIR Spectroscopy FTIR Spectroscopy is a widely used technique for gas analyses in industrial applications. It is a technique used in the semiconductor industry for measuring the purity of cleaning, etching, and epitreatment gases used with various process tools, reactors, and abatement devices. Among chemical companies and R&D faciltities, FTIR is applied to combustion ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • FTIR resolution requirements for industrial gas analyzers

    FTIR Spectroscopy is a widely used technique for gas analyses in industrial applications. It is a technique used in the semiconductor industry for measuring the purity of cleaning, etching, and epi-treatment gases used with various process tools, reactors, and abatement devices. Among chemical companies and R&D facilities, FTIR is applied to combustion thermodynamics and stack gas emissions; ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Safety Systems Depend on Reliable Field Sensors (Emphasis on Fire and Gas Detectors)

    Abstract Because not all hazards are the same, identifying and quantifying the hazard is the starting point in choosing sensing technology. Not all detectors are the same, and they should be selected according to their ability to detect the hazard. This paper gives a broad summary of technologies that provide users reliable responses to hazardous conditions, that minimise false ...

  • New Developments in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters: In-The-Field Compensation for Changes in Natural Gas Composition

    Introduction The flow of natural gas in pipelines is often complicated by changes in the composition of the gas. The method described in this paper solves the problem of variable composition via a new four-temperature mass flow sensor. The new (low sensor feeds its measurements into the algorithms of an advanced mathematical model that includes gas properties in its calculations. The method ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • A neural network implemented microcontroller system for quantitative classification of hazardous organic gases in the ambient air

    In this study, a microcontroller-based gas mixture classification system is proposed to use real-time analyses of the trichloroethylene and acetone binary mixture. A Feed Forward Neural Network (FFNN) structure is performed for quantitative identification of individual gas concentrations (trichloroethylene and acetone) in their gas mixtures. The phthalocyaninecoated Quartz Crystal Microbalance ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How Accurate is Your Monitor?

    When you consider the many regulations and guidelines that health and safety officers and first responders are faced with, it is amazing they maintain the ability to detect such a wide variety of hazardous pollutants and toxic agents.  There is no lack of regulations governing how to monitor chemical compounds, and the list grows longer all the time.  New standards for portable gas ...

  • Capillary Tube Thermal Mass Flow Meters & Controllers - A User`S Guide - White Paper

    Abstract Capillary tube thermal mass flow meters directly measure the mass flow rate of clean gases and gas mixtures in lower flow ranges. A capillary tube thermal mass flow controller adds an integrally mounted flow control valve to the flow body of the mass flow meter and bom monitors the mass flow rate and controls it to be equal to a set-point value selected by the user. ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Comparison of different conditions, substrates and operation modes by dynamic simulation of a full-scale anaerobic SBR plant

    Simulation studies for a full-scale anaerobic unit of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) were performed using the anaerobic digestion model no. 1 (ADM1). The anaerobic full-scale plant consists of one mesophilic and one thermophilic digester, operated in an anaerobic sequential batch reactor (ASBR) mode, and sludge enrichment reactors (SER) for each digester. The digesters are fed with a mixture ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Continuous monitoring of moisture present inside a process chamber

    Problem Statement Moisture inside a process chamber is a big silent killer during wafer production. When production yield goes down, it is hard to pinpoint the source of the problem. Most of the time wafers need to be sent to labs for analysis, while production is stopped. If the problem is related to a high level of moisture inside the reactor, there are several factors that can cause ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Protecting America with Specialty Gases

      Prior to 9/11, environmental concerns largely focused on monitoring, controlling and reducing the pollution the industrial revolution had set in motion. From a specialty gas point of view, our efforts at Scott ...

  • Flow measurement technology comparison: GA5000 Vs Hot Wire Anemometer

    A typical landfill or contaminated land site under investigation will comprise of a suitable number of gas monitoring wells, with a planned series of monitoring visits.  The monitoring will include gas flow measurements, which together with methane and carbon dioxide concentrations will be used to calculate gas screening values (GSV) and hence allow the determination of whether any gas ...


    By Geotech

  • A novel spectrometer design for process and handheld infrared spectral measurements

    Introduction Infrared spectroscopy offers many unique advantages for measurements within an industrial environment. Historically, the technique has been used for a broad range of applications from the composition of gas and liquid mixtures to the analysis of trace components for gas purity analysis. In cases where a well-defined method of analysis is involved, such as the measurement of ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Why instrument hire makes occupational safety sense

    Background Decisions concerning the acquisition of occupational safety monitoring instrumentation are often made by operational staff that may not have visibility of the full financial implications of their choices. The following article will examine the factors affecting these decisions and explain why a strategic decision to hire instrumentation can deliver substantial and wide-ranging ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • Large Volume Splitless Injection Using an Unmodified Split/Splitless Inlet and GC-TOFMS for Pesticides and Brominated Flame Retardants

    Abstract Large volume splitless injection for gas chromatography typically requires a special injection port, for example, a programmable temperature vaporizer (PTV), but an alternative setup using concurrent solvent recondensation–large volume splitless injection (CSR-LVSI) and a split/splitless injection port has been reported. This technique was used here, both with and without ...


    By Restek Corporation

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