car exhaust measurement Articles

  • Black carbon emissions of individual cars measured under real conditions

    Measurements of individual vehicle emissions are usually made in laboratory tests. In this study, researchers followed cars driving in real conditions to measure emissions of air pollutants, including black carbon and nitrogen oxides. The study shows that diesel cars contribute disproportionately to air pollution, and highlights the value of on-road measurements. Vehicle traffic is a major source ...


    By European Commission

  • Future Cars & Shifting Environmental Burdens

    Ask the average person what they think passenger cars could be like in the future and you are bound to get a wide range of opinions. The more fanciful, looking into the longer term future, might envision an ultra-high-tech world where passenger cars are fitted with “anti-gravity” drives and hover around, powered by nuclear fission perhaps, with zero emissions. But chances are ...


    By thinkstep

  • A comprehensive experimental databank for the models verification of urban car emission dispersion

    A summary presentation is made of representative samples from a comprehensive experimental databank on car exhaust dispersion in urban street canyons. Physical modelling, under neutral stratification conditions, was used to provide visualisation, pollutant concentration and velocity measurements above and inside test canyons amidst surrounding urban roughness. The study extended to two different ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A comprehensive experimental databank for the verification of urban car emission dispersion models

    A summary presentation is made of representative samples from a comprehensive experimental databank on car exhaust dispersion in urban street canyons. Physical modelling, under neutral stratification conditions, was used to provide visualisation, pollutant concentration and velocimetry measurements above and inside test canyons amidst surrounding urban roughness. The study extended to two ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trends of exhaust emissions from gasoline motor vehicles in the metropolitan area of Mexico city

    Light duty gasoline vehicles account for most of CO, hydrocarbons and NOx emissions to the urban environment in the metropolitan area of Mexico City. In order to ameliorate air pollution, several control measures have been imposed in the last decade, such as: up-grade of gasoline's quality, stringent environmental standards, and catalytic converters. On the other hand and from the beginning ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dispersion modelling near tunnel exits: simulation and measurements

    Measurements of car exhaust gases were made in May/June 1995 in the vicinity of the Bielefeld tunnel. CO and NOx from car exhausts were measured to allow comparison with a model simulation. Ozone was also measured. These measurements were made using commercial continuous analysers. A valve control system was used to investigate the dispersion of the trace gases. This allowed measurements at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Joint EUCAR/JRC/CONCAWE Study on: Effects of Gasoline Vapour Pressure and Ethanol Content on Evaporative Emissions from Modern Cars

    CONCAWE, EUCAR and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission jointly carried out a major test programme specifically designed to investigate the influence of gasoline vapour pressure and ethanol content on evaporative emissions from modern passenger cars as determined using the current European regulatory test procedure. Breathing losses through the tank vent and fuel permeation are in ...


  • Two Technologies for Flow Measurement from Outside a Pipe

    Doppler and Transit Time are two very popular types of flow meter for non-invasive measurement of flow in full pipes. We tend to confuse these technologies because they are both ultrasonic and both measure flow by using sensors clamped onto the outside of a pipe. In the real world they actually work best in opposite applications. Success in your installation depends on understanding the ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Why measuring the ambient NO2 without conversion?

    Nitrogen oxides NOx are pollutants that may have particular impact in terms of greenhouse gases, acidifying air etc ... issuance increased significantly since 1950 with the massive development of transport and industries. It therefore becomes necessary to provide measures always safer these pollutant gases, and to know the reliability of results. Currently, 60% of emissions of NO and NO2 are ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Screening technique to estimate high benzo[a]pyrene concentrations near roads

    The emission factors of benzo[a]pyrene for gasoline cars and for diesel cars were measured by directly collecting the exhaust gas using a portable sampling equipment and became 660 ng km–1 and 1700 ng km–1, respectively. The regression equations to easily evaluate the concentrations at the roadsides and at the crossroads were introduced as the functions of building height, road width, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling fuel consumption and pollutant emissions based on real-world driving patterns: the HBEFA approach

    Emissions of passenger cars and light-duty vehicles with complex exhaust gas after-treatment are difficult to predict, especially if the prediction is only based on kinematic parameters without vehicle-specific data. A new method for modelling fleet emission factors based on testbench data is presented. It has been used for modern passenger cars and light-duty vehicles (EURO-2 and -3) in the new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Traffic emission effects on ambient air pollution by PM2.5–related PAH in Upper Silesia, Poland

    The ambient concentration of particle–bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was investigated in two industrial towns in Upper Silesia, Poland. The 24 h samples of PM2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm) were collected simultaneously at busy roads (or crossroads) and at an urban background site. Additionally, the samples were collected during the heaviest traffic density (rush ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Portable FID for Stack Emissions: lightweight, compact, ergonomic, safe

    POLLUTION S.r.l. manufactures POLARIS FID analyser, a cutting-edge technology for the measurement of total hydrocarbons in ambient air and stack emission monitoring in accordance with EN 13526 and EN 12619. This analyser is based on Flame Ionization Detection (FID), a reference method technique to measure total hydrocarbons (THC, VOC, TOC). Polaris FID is a very handy instrument because it allows ...


    By Pollution Srl

  • Stack gas VOC monitoring

    POLLUTION S.r.l. manufactures POLARIS FID analyzer, a cutting-edge technology for the measurement of total hydrocarbons in ambient air and stack emission monitoring in accordance with EN 13526 and EN 12619. This analyser is based on Flame Ionization Detection (FID), a reference method technique to measure total hydrocarbons (THC, VOC, TOC). Polaris FID is a very handy instrument because it allows ...


    By Pollution Srl

  • Size and composition distributions of particulate matter emissions: Part 1 — Light-Duty Gasoline Vehicles (LDGVs)

    Size-resolved particulate matter (PM) emitted from lightduty gasoline vehicles (LDGVs) was characterized usingfilter-based samplers, cascade impactors, and scanning mobility particle size measurements in the summer 2002. Thirty LDGVs, with different engine and emissions control technologies (model years 1965–2003; odometer readings 1264–207,104 mi), were tested on a chassis dynamometer using the ...

  • Legislation: The New Directive on Ambient Air Quality and Cleaner Air for Europe

    Keywords: Public health, pollution control, air quality framework measures, Directive 96/62, Sixth Environmental Action Programme, Clean Air for Europe Programme, Directive 2008/50, zones and agglomerations, limit values and target values, alert thresholds, critical level, information and reporting requirements, UK Air Quality Archive, ozone, action plans, enforcement ...


  • BYD F3CNG details Highlights resolve

    BYD oil and gas of hybrid F3CNG models of oil and gas mixed three-box sedan design concepts borrowed from the Japanese, Korean automakers successful development experience and mode. The design concept of the "mm" (ie able to enjoy the interior space to maximize, car machine must occupy a minimum of space). The biggest bright spot of this model is the use of dual-fuel system can be dramatic ...

  • Air quality issues drive vehicle alternatives

    Vehicle exhaust systems remain a major source of air pollution in cities, despite the progress being made to reduce emissions from new models. Energy World takes a look at efficiency improvements, and the alternative fuel alternatives to petrol and diesel. In early April, the south of Britain woke to a hazy blanket of smog. A few weeks earlier, Paris had choked and spluttered through its own ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Breakthroughs in testing technology as new global player emerges

    Engineers and developers now have a choice of engine testing technologies following the recognition by the United States Federal Register of the BG3 Partial Flow Dilution sampling (PFD) technology developed by Sierra Instruments for engine particulate emissions, R&D and certification. Building on this news, the Monterey, California - based company has also extended its global footprint this ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • HORIBA Mechatronics Product Lines

    HORIBA has several decades of experience in providing solutions for automotive test systems. We have focused on testing components of the vehicle powertrain including the engine, transmission, clutch, torque converter, axles or brakes up to the complete vehicle. In all cases the missing parts of the vehicle and its environment is replaced by a system able to reproduce the load the specimen would ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

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