carbon dioxide instrument Articles

  • Note: the Kyoto instruments: are they adequate for achieving the stabilisation of carbon dioxide concentrations?

    It is argued that reaching stabilisation of carbon dioxide concentrations will require new policy instruments. The Kyoto instruments, while they serve to begin the process of emissions reductions, are only a first step in a process that will span many decades at a minimum. The new instruments should be directly aimed at R&D for developing the new non-carbon sources of energy.Keywords: IPCC, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Carbon dioxide gas case study

    Application Moisture] is measured in carbon dioxide gas pipelines and processing plants. Problem The presence of moisture in carbon dioxide gas promotes corrosion. Perhaps more significant is the fact that moisture will readily form ice when pressure is reduced. The ice can readily freeze up pressure regulators, valves, and orifice plates causing a loss of flow and even ice ...

  • The analysis of carbon dioxide in natural gas

    Abstract The composition of natural gas varies but consists mainly of methane and varying amounts of heavier aliphatic hydrocarbons, nitrogen and carbon dioxide ...

  • Carbon tax - key instrument for energy transition!

    Summary: Global warming is the most challenging problem facing humanity today due to the excessive use of fossil fuels. Carbon tax (carbon dioxide tax) is a simple and efficient way to reduce the use of fossil fuels, improve energy efficiency, and make renewables more competitive. It can be tax neutral, as reducing other taxes will complement carbon tax implementation. It is a smart move ...

  • Measuring carbon dioxide (CO2) along ocean surfaces case study

    Customer: Confidential Application: A research team needed to study the levels and variations of one of the major greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2) along the ocean surfaces. The research team required CO2 analysers to be installed in commercial ocean liners to monitor the “dry” level of ...


    By Ecotech Pty Ltd

  • TDLAS Gas Detection Instrumentation

    PKL Technologies Inc. manufactures tunable diode laser (TDLAS) based gas detectors and monitors. Spectra-1 open path gas sensors are used in a variety of environmental and safety remote sensing applications. Spectra-1 gas sensors have been designed in a compact, easy to use, robust and portable format. Spectra-1 has been developed using proprietary hardware and software, to produce a low cost ...


    By PKL Technologies Inc.

  • Chlorine Dioxide gas detection: A comprehensive guide

    Introduction Some years agoago, the bleaching process in the paper industry was changed from using Chlorine (Cl2) as bleaching agent to Chlorine dioxide (ClO2). This was a challenge forThis posed a major challenge to industrial hygienists, as there were no sensors or detectors available that were specific to Chlorine dioxide: There was no sensor technology for gas detectors available that ...

  • Hydraulic Fracturing and the Environment Whitepaper - Analytical and Measuring Instruments

    The recovery of natural gas and oil from untraditional wells is necessary for the economic stability of the United States. Shale gas deposits are deep below the earth’s surface and recovery of gas is expensive and requires millions of gallons of water mixed with chemicals, known as "fracking solution". Most fracking solution stays underground or returns to the surface mixed with formation ...

  • Why instrument hire makes occupational safety sense

    Background Decisions concerning the acquisition of occupational safety monitoring instrumentation are often made by operational staff that may not have visibility of the full financial implications of their choices. The following article will examine the factors affecting these decisions and explain why a strategic decision to hire instrumentation can deliver substantial and wide-ranging ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • The Greening of Carbon Fibre

    Carbon fiber is a material that has, and will continue to revolutionize the products we use every day by making them stronger, lighter and more durable.  Experts estimate that the specialty material is twice as stiff as steel and five times stronger, per unit of weight.   It is made from organic polymers which consist of long strings of molecules held together by carbon atoms.  The ...

  • Installation of Radar Level Instruments in Anaerobic Digesters

    ABSTRACTThere are numerous well-proven options available for level determination instrumentation. Instrumenting treatment processes present some unique challenges. Some of these include the ability for wastewater or residuals to clog and blind instruments. Level determination in an anaerobic digester presents these problems as well as others including foaming, surface agitation, and operation in ...

  • Policy instruments for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport in Europe

    Transport is one sector of the European economy in which CO2 emissions are still growing, both because transport demand as a whole is growing and because the most carbon intensive modes – air and road transport – are growing fastest. The experience of Britain in the last decade shows that these trends can be slowed or reversed, although Britain's success is only partly the result of deliberate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Carbon management for business; A beginner`s guide

    Climate change and carbon foot printing are current and real issues for business today. We face many challenges in a world where average temperatures and sea levels continue to rise, affecting food chains, human populations, biodiversity and even insurance premiums. Business can connect on this issue via established environmental management systems such as ISO14001 or BS8555. Whilst carbon ...


    By Crowberry Consulting

  • AGE assessment of interactions between climate change policy instruments and pre-existing taxes: the case of Ireland

    We introduce a computable general equilibrium model for Ireland to investigate the impact of climate policy on the Irish economy, taking special notice of interactions with the existing tax structure. To this end, we extend the model with a detailed representation of the tax system using separate tax data on all transactions, both intermediate and final demand. We simulate the implementation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solo flight tracks global Black Carbon

    On 8th January 2012 a tiny ultra-light aircraft left Ljubljana in Slovenia on a mission to circumvent the globe using the smallest amount of fuel per distance flown whilst recording ambient levels of Black Carbon (BC) – one of the most important measures of air quality in terms of both human health and climate change. UK based particulate monitoring specialist Jim Mills from Air Monitors ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • CDM monitoring & reporting for carbon credits case study

    Abridged from a Wastecon 2008 Presentation and Paper by Mitchal L. Cassel LANDTEC, Colton, California The project sites The project is in Brazil and obtains certified emission reductions (CER) or carbon credits for a large scale, waste handling and disposal, clean development mechanism (CDM) project. Methane emissions are being reduced through collection and destruction of ...


    By Geotech

  • If carbon pricing is so great, why isn’t it working?

    Political hurdles and low prices have made carbon pricing a low-impact affair. But there’s still hope it can help limit climate change. Earth’s atmosphere has long served as a free dump for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases generated by humans. That is changing as policy-makers embrace economists’ advice that the best way to cut greenhouse gas emissions is to charge an ...


    By Ensia

  • The Relationship Between Radiative Forcing and Temperature: What Do Statistical Analyses of the Instrumental Temperature Record Measure?

    Abstract  Comparing statistical estimates for the long-run temperature effect of doubled CO2 with those generated by climate models begs the question, is the long-run temperature effect of doubled CO2 that is estimated from the instrumental temperature record using statistical techniques consistent with the transient climate response, the equilibrium climate sensitivity, or the effective ...


    By Springer

  • Texas Instruments - A Novel Separation Technique for the Analysis of Trace Levels of Atmospheric Contaminants in Inert Semiconductor Process Gases

    A NOVEL SEPARATION TECHNIQUE FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TRACELEVELS OF ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINANTS IN INERTSEMICONDUCTOR PROCESS GASES J. Scott McWilliams, Alan Johnson, Charlene Long, Jeremiah D. Hogan*Texas Instruments, Inc.Dallas, TX 75265 Low ppb detection limits for contamination in cylinder gases have been achieved with gas chromatography using a modified gas ...


    By Environics, Inc.

  • How to Attain Precise CO2 Injection in the Carbonated Beverage Production Process

    Looking for the perfectly carbonated beverage? Is your CO2 injection process leaving your drinks flat? Industrial mass flow controllers offer the perfect solution for controlling the exact CO2 injection into beverages to create the perfect foam for the beer industry or carbonation for popular soft drinks. It is pivotal that carbonated beverage manufacturers have the ability control the exact ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

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