carbon dioxide reduction Articles

  • Energy strategy for carbon dioxide emission reduction in Taiwan

    A linear programming model is proposed to find the energy strategy for reducing carbon dioxide emission in Taiwan. Scenarios that include energy switching and energy conservation under different emission levels are considered, and the corresponding economic impacts are evaluated. Emissions from thirty-nine sectors are reduced by two major mechanisms. Energy switching is assumed to be induced by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Carbon dioxide gas case study

    Application Moisture] is measured in carbon dioxide gas pipelines and processing plants. Problem The presence of moisture in carbon dioxide gas promotes corrosion. Perhaps more significant is the fact that moisture will readily form ice when pressure is reduced. The ice can readily freeze up pressure regulators, valves, and orifice plates causing a loss of flow and even ice ...

  • Determinants of corporate carbon reduction targets

    This paper examines attributes affecting a corporation’s choice of an intensity-only (carbon emissions relative to sales, production, etc.) versus an absolute carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions goal. We investigate alternative hypotheses for this choice including: 1) a high growth hypothesis whereby high growth companies select an intensity goal, to continue to grow without an absolute emission ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Carbon dioxide capture and storage: Priorities for development

    Oil, coal and natural gas will remain the world’s dominant sources of energy over the next decades, resulting in unsustainable levels of carbon dioxide emissions. This trend can be reversed only via a near revolution in the way we produce, transform and consume energy. Concerted global action is urgently needed to increase investment in energy technology solutions. Carbon dioxide capture and ...

  • Carbon dioxide capture: an assessment of plausible ranges

    The projections of energy related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) serve as point of departure for an assessment of plausible ranges of CO2 emissions that could be avoided through CO2 capture and storage measures. Scenario and time ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can we bury the carbon dioxide problem?

    Seriously — carbon capture and storage could be a game-changer. Mention “carbon capture and storage” — the process of trapping carbon dioxide produced in fossil-fuel burning or other industrial processes and burying it underground — in polite company, and you’re likely to be pounced on. It’s absurdly expensive. It can never be rolled ...


    By Ensia

  • Economics of a global strategy for reduction of carbon emissions

    The evolution of natural systems that feed and sustain human populations, and indeed the evolution of modern society, has occurred in the context of a moderate and stable climate. Therefore, recent trends in climate change, most likely caused by increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide and other radiative trace gases in the atmosphere, and the expected consequent global warming, are now a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Feasibility Study of Using Brine for Carbon Dioxide Capture

    ABSTRACT A laboratory-scale reactor was developed to evaluate the capture of carbon dioxide (CO2) from a gas into a liquid as an approach to control greenhouse gases emitted from fixed sources. CO2 at 5–50% concentrations was passed through a gas-exchange membrane and transferred ...

  • NHS managers urged to meet carbon reduction targets

    New plan on sustainable health sets out the steps that NHS managers must follow to cut carbon emissions. NHS Managers in the UK will be handed a number of measures they need to take to meet the government's carbon reduction targets, which involves cuttings its carbon emissions by 10% by 2015. This is part of the new “Vision for Sustainable Health: A Route map” to be set out today. ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • Note: the Kyoto instruments: are they adequate for achieving the stabilisation of carbon dioxide concentrations?

    It is argued that reaching stabilisation of carbon dioxide concentrations will require new policy instruments. The Kyoto instruments, while they serve to begin the process of emissions reductions, are only a first step in a process that will span many decades at a minimum. The new instruments should be directly aimed at R&D for developing the new non-carbon sources of energy.Keywords: IPCC, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Disinfection effect of pressurized carbon dioxide on Escherichia coli and Enterococcus sp. in seawater

    Ship ballast water should be disinfected before being discharged into the ocean to avoid the dispersal of non-native species into the marine environment. This study presents the results of using pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) at less than 1.0 MPa for inactivating Escherichia coli and Enterococcus sp. in artificial seawater (3.4% salinity). The bactericidal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Carbon Offsets

    In the 21st century, achieving 100% carbon neutrality can be a daunting task. Simple activities such as watching television, sending an email message, cooking and making a phone call all produce carbon emissions. Carbon offsets offer an alternative to reducing emissions by enabling individuals and businesses to compensate for their carbon emissions by purchasing credits which offset their ...


    By BSC Sustainability Services

  • Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) - Understanding complexity, mitigating risk, and capturing opportunity

    Implications of the Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) are quite far-reaching and will apply both within the public and private sectors across the United Kingdom. About 20,000 organisations will likely be affected, based on how much electricity they consumed in the baseline year of 2008. Disclosures will be required for submission to the Environment Agency by the summer of 2010 at which time ...


    By Verisae

  • CCS demonstration in developing countries: priorities for a financing mechanism for carbon dioxide capture and storage

    Climate Change and CCS In facing the challenge of mitigating global climate change, world leaders have acknowledged that no single solution exists, and therefore, a portfolio of carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction technologies and methods will be needed to successfully confront rising emissions. Due to their dependency on fossil fuels, the energy supply and industrial sectors are the greatest ...

  • Reduction in carbon emissions in the Brazilian agricultural value chain through a decrease in transported volume

    Privileged characteristics have helped Brazil to consolidate itself as a leader in agricultural exports. These exports, however, have unique characteristic. They are heavily focused on commodity items, its production areas are relatively far from seaports and its transport matrix is strongly focused on road transportation. This combination of factors brings several environmental impacts. Popular ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic feasibility of carbon emission reduction in electricity generation, a case study based on Sri Lanka

    The main purpose of this paper is an assessment of economic feasibility in reducing carbon dioxide emission of electricity generation in Sri Lanka. The paper shows that the present annual green house gas (GHG) emission with respect to electricity generation in Sri Lanka is about 2.8 million metric tons. The identified total GHG emission reduction potential in electricity generation is about 37 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emissions reduction with Diesel blending

    Diesel technologies are develops by huge rates. Modification of cars with diesel engines make a half of the new cars sold in Europe. The black smoke, noisy engine operation and unpleasant smell remained far in the past. Today diesel engines present not only profitability, but also high capacity and worthy dynamic characteristics. Quality of fuel also is changed. The modern diesel blending has ...

  • Emissions Reduction with Diesel Blending

    Diesel technologies are develops by huge rates. Modification of cars with diesel engines make a half of the new cars sold in Europe. The black smoke, noisy engine operation and unpleasant smell remained far in the past. Today diesel engines present not only profitability, but also high capacity and worthy dynamic characteristics. Quality of fuel also is changed. The modern diesel blending has ...

  • Field scale and economical analysis of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and lean gas injection scenarios in Pazanan gas condensate reservoir

    Liquid dropouts around the wellbore in gas condensate reservoirs causes severe reductions in gas production rates, the permanent loss of a large portion of volatile and valuable condensates, and a wrong estimation of well deliverability. It is believed that applying diffusion coefficients and the Generalised Pseudo Pressure (GPP) method leads to more accurate modelling of reservoir performance. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Is $0 your best guess? - Many companies do not yet factor in a price for carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions into their corporate planning.

    Emerging climate change policy regimes and evolving greenhouse gas (GHG) markets are increasingly important for corporate decision-makers around the world. Readers of Environmental Finance, of course, do not need to be convinced of the sheer magnitude of voluntary and mandatory climate change initiatives being discussed at national and international levels.  And few observers believe that ...

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