carbon emissions calculation Articles

  • Refrigerant compliance includes calculating carbon emissions

    If you manage a facility using a refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) system or heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC-R) system, it’s time to comply with federal and state environmental laws regarding carbon emissions. To help reduce greenhouse gases, the law requires calculating carbon emissions. This means monitoring, collecting data and performing extensive reporting of CO2 ...


    By Verisae

  • A web-based open emissions calculator

    Many organisations and governmental agencies offer online calculators to calculate the carbon footprint of industrial activities. Furthermore, airline companies offer online tools to estimate carbon footprint and promote the purchase of carbon offsets in order to make the trip carbon neutral. This paper presents a free online emissions calculator that computes various emissions-related statistics ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • FMI carbon calculator (case study)

    Executive Summary Given the heightened priority of corporate sustainability, Verisae is positioned well to enable organizations to establish a carbon footprint baseline, outline energy management options, and provide a comprehensive corporate sustainability action plans. Verisae delivered information the FMI Sustainability Task Force valuable carbon baseline information and “what-if ...


    By Verisae

  • Carbon emissions - carbon formula

    Carbon emissions represent an increasing and potentially significant cost for business.  The case that carbon measurement and reporting systems can help organisations make significant reductions ...


    By Greenstone

  • Do we need a standard to calculate “avoided emissions”?

    Businesses are constantly reminded of the risks and challenges of climate change, most recently with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s fifth assessment report (AR5). Extreme weather events like flooding, wildfires, and droughts are challenging our infrastructure and disrupting our ...

  • Calculating the cost of advanced manufacturing

    The Environmentally Benign Manufacturing group studies the life cycle of new technologies. Written by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office.You can read the original new in MIT NewsAs the United States seeks to reinvigorate its job market and move past economic ...

  • Spanish Winery Pago del Vicario calculates its GHG emissions

    IIMA Consultora is responsible for estimating GHG emissions generated at the Pago del Vicario winery and of its red wine PENTA Pago del Vicario is a winery located 9 kilometres from the centre of Cuidad Real, Spain, in an area flanked by the River Guadiana on the foothills of Montes de Toledo. This is a recently created winery that has adapted to changes in society and the environment; an example ...


  • Characterisation for some emission sources in CMB calculation for Mae Moh area, Thailand

    Particulate samples of agricultural waste burning, straw burning, forest leaf burning, heavy duty truck emission, paved road dust, soil, agricultural soil, coal, electrostatic precipitator ash, and emission from stack power plant were collected from the Mae Moh area. Chemical compositions of sampling filters were analysed to determine the particulate matter source profiles. The analysis included ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development and testing of a European Union –wide farm‐level carbon calculator

    Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture accounted for around 10% of total European Union (EU) emissions in 2010. To reduce farming‐related GHG emissions, appropriate policy measures and supporting tools for promoting low‐carbon farming practices may be efficacious. This paper presents the methodology and testing results of a new EU‐wide farm‐level carbon footprint calculator. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Mitigation of road transport carbon emissions in Argentina

    This study describes a model to calculate energy consumption and CO2 emissions into the atmosphere by the road transport sector in Argentina from 1960 to 2050. The model analyses different mitigation scenarios to determine effective options to produce a sensitive decrease in carbon emissions. The results of this study show that by reducing the use of private vehicles while ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Offset the carbon emissions of your marketing programs

    You can reduce and reuse as much as you can, but the reality is, it’s next to impossible to have a zero carbon footprint in a marketing department. That’s why most eco-minded businesses buy carbon offsets. What are carbon offsets? According to the David Suzuki Foundation, “a carbon offset is an emission reduction credit from another organization’s project that results in less carbon dioxide or ...


  • U.S. headed for massive decline in carbon emissions*

    For years now, many members of Congress have insisted that cutting carbon emissions was difficult, if not impossible. It is not. During the two years since 2007, carbon emissions have dropped 9 percent. While part of this drop is from the recession, part of it is also from efficiency gains and from replacing coal with natural gas, wind, solar, and geothermal energy. The United States has ended a ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Calculation of domestic flight-caused global warming potential from aircraft emissions in Turkish airports

    In this study, global warming potential (GWP) is calculated for aircrafts used in Turkish airports. The basic idea of this study is to investigate both emissions and their GWP values. This study is conducted in three steps, namely: 1) finding busiest airports in Turkey; 2) specifying the most used aircraft types and its engines; and 3) calculation of domestic flight-caused GWP value for both the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Calculating the cost savings for refrigerant gas leak detection

    The real benefits of refrigerant gas leak detection Following on from the last article, we feel that it’s natural to then discuss some of the practical reasons (cost savings) that will encourage the industry to take action and reduce their F-Gas emissions. Who requires refrigerant leak detection under the F-Gas proposals? There are a ...


    By a1-cbiss

  • How to calculate payback – The Case for Energy Efficiency

    With yet another round of government legislation mandating companies to monitor their energy efficiency coming into force this year, are business managers embracing the sustainability agenda being enforced in the UK? The general industry view appears to be that while companies are doing all they can to comply with an increasingly onerous set of ...


    By Brixsus Energy

  • Basic principles of CO
    2
    emission calculations at airports: a case study from Turkey

    Carbon footprint of airports is managed by Airport Council International (ACI) with the Airport Carbon Accreditation (ACA) programme. It is a 'European Carbon Standard' for airports. The programme assesses and recognises the efforts of airports to manage and reduce their carbon emissions with four levels of certification: 'mapping', 'reduction', 'optimisation' and 'neutrality'. Airports must have ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Calculation of energy recovery and greenhouse gas emission reduction from palm oil mill effluent treatment by an anaerobic granular-sludge process

    Conventional aerobic and low-rate anaerobic processes such as pond and open-tank systems have been widely used in wastewater treatment. In order to improve treatment efficacy and to avoid greenhouse gas emissions, conventional treatment can be upgraded to a high performance anaerobic granular-sludge system. The anaerobic granular-sludge systems are designed to capture the biogas produced, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Carbon emissions embodied in the international trade of China: a hypothesised-country-based study

    Based on the hypothesised-country assumption, this paper chooses South Korea’s technical coefficients as those of China’s imports. Using the input-output tables of both China and South Korea, this paper calculates China’s trade-embodied carbon emissions and its sectoral breakdown between 2001 and 2010. Some interesting results are obtained. First, if China’s technical coefficients are used to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 8 steps to managing your organisation`s Scope 3 carbon emissions

    Scope 3 emissions, or 'value chain emissions', represent all the indirect impacts upstream and downstream of an organisation, not already captured by the GHG Protocol's Scope 1 and 2 reporting. These often represent the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions and in some cases can account for up to 90% of the ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Black carbon emissions of individual cars measured under real conditions

    Measurements of individual vehicle emissions are usually made in laboratory tests. In this study, researchers followed cars driving in real conditions to measure emissions of air pollutants, including black carbon and nitrogen oxides. The study shows that diesel cars contribute disproportionately to air pollution, and highlights the value of on-road measurements. Vehicle traffic is a major source ...


    By European Commission

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