carbon emissions deforestation Articles

  • Forests, carbon markets, and avoided deforestation: Legal implications

    Forestry and agriculture contribute significantly to the World’s emissions in greenhouse gases. But they also hold the potential to play an important part in climate change mitigation. The Kyoto Protocol addresses land-use only unsatisfactorily and does not create any incentives for reductions of forest-based emissions in developing countries, where tropical deforestation alone contributes to a ...

  • Global deforestation is decreasing. Or is it?

    A new look at the complex picture of land use change suggests that when it comes to forests, we’re far from being out of the woods. It started, as many things do, with a rumor. In 2013 Matt Finer, a researcher with the Amazon Conservation Association, heard from locals that someone was cutting down rainforest deep in the Peruvian Amazon, far from prying eyes. So ...


    By Ensia

  • In the REDD: A Conservative Approach to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

    One of the key questions for consideration in December in Copenhagen will be whether to include Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) in developing countries as an internationally regulated activity. REDD involves payments to developing countries for reducing their deforestation rates below an historical or projected reference rate (the “baseline”). These payments ...

  • Latin America Analysis: Environmental policy and deforestation

    When it comes to the environment, there is no dialogue between civil society, the scientific community, government and parliament, says Carla Almeida. In a year that was marked by bad news on the environmental front — the polar ice caps melting at an increasing rate, the decline in biodiversity, the failure to reach agreement on climate change, amongst other things — the ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Time for Plan B: Cutting carbon emissions 80% by 2020

    When political leaders look at the need to cut carbon dioxide emissions to curb global warming, they ask the question: How much of a cut is politically feasible? At the Earth Policy Institute we ask a different question: How much of a cut is necessary to avoid the most dangerous effects of climate change? By burning fossil fuels and destroying forests, we are releasing greenhouse gases, ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Fossil Fuel Use Pushes Carbon Dioxide Emissions into Dangerous Territory

    Increasing global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), a heat-trapping gas, are pushing the world into dangerous territory, closing the window of time to avert the worst consequences of higher temperatures, such as melting ice and rising seas. Since the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels have grown exponentially. Despite wide agreement by governments on ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Putting the carbon ahead of the drivers

    The round of applause at the end of the REDD+ negotiations in Bonn reflected the relief of the Parties at having concluded work on several difficult issues. But their efforts will not stop deforestation and forest degradation. After two weeks of  ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Biofuels and carbon footprint

    Europe’s use of biofuels to fuel its vehicles risks driving land grabs and deforestation, increasing food prices, exacerbating poverty and hunger, and accelerating climate change. We are seriously concerned that the Commission has not yet taken action to ensure that Europe’s green transport policy discourages those biofuels that cause higher greenhouse gas emissions than fossil ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil Fuels and Cement Reach Highest Point in Human History

    We already know the world’s carbon budget is being exhausted at an alarming pace, but a new scientific assessment reveals just how sobering the picture of the global carbon cycle truly is. The Global Carbon ...

  • Food, the carbon story

    What do milk, bread and orange juice have in common? One answer is that they have all had their carbon footprints assessed and the products have been labelled by the Carbon Trust. Over the last five years, the Carbon Trust has certified the carbon footprints of a wide range of food products, and worked with a variety of companies to help them understand the carbon content of their food. As a ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Conservation carbon: A new voluntary market mechanism to protect forests

    Addressing deforestation is critical to mitigating climate change, and also has the potential to deliver significant social benefits to local communities and additional environmental co-benefits. Any consideration of forests and deforestation under the UNFCCC or Kyoto Protocol is expected to occur within this framework of emissions and emission reductions calculated against a baseline or ...

  • Closing the Emissions Gap – 2015 is a year of unprecedented opportunity

    A new report released by the Global Commission on the Economy and the Climate identifies ten key economic opportunities that could close up to 96 percent of the gap between business-as-usual emissions and the level needed to limit dangerous climate change. The report calls for stronger cooperation between governments, businesses, investors, cities and communities to ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Methodological issues related to non-carbon benefits of REDD+ activities

    It is widely accepted that the UNFCCC mechanism to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) will need to provide a wide range of social, environmental and governance benefits to achieve permanent greenhouse gas emission reductions at scale. The provision of such non-carbon benefits (NCBs) is crucial for several reasons. Quality emission reductions are more likely to be ...


    By Wetlands International

  • The emerging Canadian carbon market: New fundamentals and opportunities

    Steps have recently been taken by the Ontario government to implement a cap and trade system in Ontario, and by the Canadian federal government to facilitate trading of offset credits for greenhouse gas ('GHG') emissions.Ontario introduced enabling legislation on May 27, 2009 (Bill 185) to amend the Environmental Protection Act (Ontario) to allow the provincial government to establish a cap and ...


    By McMillan LLP

  • Voluntary carbon market is fast becoming big business

    If anyone had doubts about the importance of the voluntary carbon market they would certainly have been overcome by the announcement last month by Merrill Lynch of a new carbon offset service to assist businesses to reduce emissions through voluntary offsets. In partnership with ICF International, Merrill Lynch’s new Green and Gold initiative is the latest in a series of moves by major financial ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Explaining the construction of global carbon markets: REDD+ as a test case?

    Market–based instruments increasingly shape international environmental governance. Against this background, this paper puts forward a conceptual framework on the development of regulated global carbon markets. Regarding the adoption of carbon trading as an instance of wider shifts in governance allows us to benefit from the rich literature on (international) institutional change. At the same ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Beyond carbon financing: The role of sustainable development policies and measures in REDD

    This report looks beyond quantifying emissions reductions at a more flexible approach for recognizing mitigation actions being taken by developing countries in the forest sector. This approach ensures that countries with high historical emissions are not necessarily favored for support, and it allows for a broader set of MRV criteria to capture country’s efforts to change the drivers of ...

  • Enhancement of Terrestrial Carbon Sink Potential: A Possible Contribution to Mitigating Global Warming

    Introduction Climate researcher Klaus Hasselmann, Director of the Max-Planck-Institut (MPI) for Meteorology in Hamburg and a project co-ordinator of EC’s Environment and Climate Programme, was one of the first scientists to warn that recently observed global warming trends have a discernible human related forcing component. Climate model calculations show, that global warming is closely related ...


  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Using the Clean Development Mechanism to mitigate emissions from peatlands: “Avoided drainage” and “Rewetting” as new CDM activities

    Introduction Currently, the only land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) activities that are eligible under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) are afforestation and reforestation (A/R), which allow for the generation of credits by net removal by sinks. This could include afforestation and reforestation of wet organic soils (peatlands), e.g. with peatswamp forest tree ...


    By Wetlands International

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