carbon emissions deforestation Articles

  • In the REDD: A Conservative Approach to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

    One of the key questions for consideration in December in Copenhagen will be whether to include Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) in developing countries as an internationally regulated activity. REDD involves payments to developing countries for reducing their deforestation rates below an historical or projected reference rate (the “baseline”). These payments ...

  • Water management solutions minimize flood damage

    Human societies around the world have used timber as a building material for thousands of years. As wood is the only significant biological building material we are naturally inclined to believe that using wood in construction is good for the environment. As a matter of fact the environmental benefits of using timber are not straightforward: although it is a natural product, a large amount of ...


    By Geoplast US Corp.

  • Time for Plan B: Cutting carbon emissions 80% by 2020

    When political leaders look at the need to cut carbon dioxide emissions to curb global warming, they ask the question: How much of a cut is politically feasible? At the Earth Policy Institute we ask a different question: How much of a cut is necessary to avoid the most dangerous effects of climate change? By burning fossil fuels and destroying forests, we are releasing greenhouse gases, ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Fossil Fuel Use Pushes Carbon Dioxide Emissions into Dangerous Territory

    Increasing global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), a heat-trapping gas, are pushing the world into dangerous territory, closing the window of time to avert the worst consequences of higher temperatures, such as melting ice and rising seas. Since the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels have grown exponentially. Despite wide agreement by governments on ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Biofuels and carbon footprint

    Europe’s use of biofuels to fuel its vehicles risks driving land grabs and deforestation, increasing food prices, exacerbating poverty and hunger, and accelerating climate change. We are seriously concerned that the Commission has not yet taken action to ensure that Europe’s green transport policy discourages those biofuels that cause higher greenhouse gas emissions than fossil ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil Fuels and Cement Reach Highest Point in Human History

    We already know the world’s carbon budget is being exhausted at an alarming pace, but a new scientific assessment reveals just how sobering the picture of the global carbon cycle truly is. The Global Carbon ...

  • Food, the carbon story

    What do milk, bread and orange juice have in common? One answer is that they have all had their carbon footprints assessed and the products have been labelled by the Carbon Trust. Over the last five years, the Carbon Trust has certified the carbon footprints of a wide range of food products, and worked with a variety of companies to help them understand the carbon content of their food. As a ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Closing the Emissions Gap – 2015 is a year of unprecedented opportunity

    A new report released by the Global Commission on the Economy and the Climate identifies ten key economic opportunities that could close up to 96 percent of the gap between business-as-usual emissions and the level needed to limit dangerous climate change. The report calls for stronger cooperation between governments, businesses, investors, cities and communities to ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • The emerging Canadian carbon market: New fundamentals and opportunities

    Steps have recently been taken by the Ontario government to implement a cap and trade system in Ontario, and by the Canadian federal government to facilitate trading of offset credits for greenhouse gas ('GHG') emissions.Ontario introduced enabling legislation on May 27, 2009 (Bill 185) to amend the Environmental Protection Act (Ontario) to allow the provincial government to establish a cap and ...


    By McMillan LLP

  • Methodological issues related to non-carbon benefits of REDD+ activities

    It is widely accepted that the UNFCCC mechanism to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) will need to provide a wide range of social, environmental and governance benefits to achieve permanent greenhouse gas emission reductions at scale. The provision of such non-carbon benefits (NCBs) is crucial for several reasons. Quality emission reductions are more likely to be ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Voluntary carbon market is fast becoming big business

    If anyone had doubts about the importance of the voluntary carbon market they would certainly have been overcome by the announcement last month by Merrill Lynch of a new carbon offset service to assist businesses to reduce emissions through voluntary offsets. In partnership with ICF International, Merrill Lynch’s new Green and Gold initiative is the latest in a series of moves by major financial ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Explaining the construction of global carbon markets: REDD+ as a test case?

    Market–based instruments increasingly shape international environmental governance. Against this background, this paper puts forward a conceptual framework on the development of regulated global carbon markets. Regarding the adoption of carbon trading as an instance of wider shifts in governance allows us to benefit from the rich literature on (international) institutional change. At the same ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Beyond carbon financing: The role of sustainable development policies and measures in REDD

    This report looks beyond quantifying emissions reductions at a more flexible approach for recognizing mitigation actions being taken by developing countries in the forest sector. This approach ensures that countries with high historical emissions are not necessarily favored for support, and it allows for a broader set of MRV criteria to capture country’s efforts to change the drivers of ...

  • Enhancement of Terrestrial Carbon Sink Potential: A Possible Contribution to Mitigating Global Warming

    Introduction Climate researcher Klaus Hasselmann, Director of the Max-Planck-Institut (MPI) for Meteorology in Hamburg and a project co-ordinator of EC’s Environment and Climate Programme, was one of the first scientists to warn that recently observed global warming trends have a discernible human related forcing component. Climate model calculations show, that global warming is closely related ...


  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Using the Clean Development Mechanism to mitigate emissions from peatlands: “Avoided drainage” and “Rewetting” as new CDM activities

    Introduction Currently, the only land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) activities that are eligible under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) are afforestation and reforestation (A/R), which allow for the generation of credits by net removal by sinks. This could include afforestation and reforestation of wet organic soils (peatlands), e.g. with peatswamp forest tree ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Carbon annuities and their potential to preserve tropical forests and slow global warming: an application for small-scale farmers

    Carbon annuities have been suggested as a means for rewarding landowners for preserving forests and sequestering carbon. Although this is an intuitively appealing approach, the benefits of the sequestration activities have not been compared with the opportunity cost of preserving the forest. This paper represents an initial attempt at analysing how large carbon annuities must be to induce a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Opinion: Carbon sinks in the Kyoto Protocol`s clean development mechanism: An obstacle to the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity?

    The inclusion of carbon sinks in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), although not explicitly planned by the Kyoto Protocol, was decided by the sixth Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), held in Bonn in 2001.1 Acknowledgement of the right for industrialised countries and their firms to offset their greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in ...


  • Companies from Chanel to Ben and Jerry’s are benefiting from the new “carbon insetting” trend

    Ten years ago, serendipity set Tristan Lecomte on his path to planting millions of trees around the world. Lecomte was CEO of the French organic and fair trade company Alter Eco, and his eco-conscious consumers were pressing him about his actions on climate change. So Lecomte calculated his company’s carbon footprint and began planting trees in partnership ...


    By Ensia

  • Soil Sampling Protocol to Certify the Changes of Organic Carbon Stock in Mineral Soils of European Union - Version 2

    The study of the soil has always represented a challenge for the scientific community. Soil forms a continuum in space, so that classification is often difficult. Soil has a vertical dimension (depth), but many characteristics are not being visible from the surface. Its properties vary very slowly over time, so that changes are difficult to detect. The study of soil heavily depends on the ...


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