carbon emissions deforestation Articles

  • Time for Plan B: Cutting carbon emissions 80% by 2020

    When political leaders look at the need to cut carbon dioxide emissions to curb global warming, they ask the question: How much of a cut is politically feasible? At the Earth Policy Institute we ask a different question: How much of a cut is necessary to avoid the most dangerous effects of climate change? By burning fossil fuels and destroying forests, we are releasing greenhouse gases, ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Biofuels and carbon footprint

    Europe’s use of biofuels to fuel its vehicles risks driving land grabs and deforestation, increasing food prices, exacerbating poverty and hunger, and accelerating climate change. We are seriously concerned that the Commission has not yet taken action to ensure that Europe’s green transport policy discourages those biofuels that cause higher greenhouse gas emissions than fossil ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Food, the carbon story

    What do milk, bread and orange juice have in common? One answer is that they have all had their carbon footprints assessed and the products have been labelled by the Carbon Trust. Over the last five years, the Carbon Trust has certified the carbon footprints of a wide range of food products, and worked with a variety of companies to help them understand the carbon content of their food. As a ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Methodological issues related to non-carbon benefits of REDD+ activities

    It is widely accepted that the UNFCCC mechanism to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) will need to provide a wide range of social, environmental and governance benefits to achieve permanent greenhouse gas emission reductions at scale. The provision of such non-carbon benefits (NCBs) is crucial for several reasons. Quality emission reductions are more likely to be ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Closing the Emissions Gap – 2015 is a year of unprecedented opportunity

    A new report released by the Global Commission on the Economy and the Climate identifies ten key economic opportunities that could close up to 96 percent of the gap between business-as-usual emissions and the level needed to limit dangerous climate change. The report calls for stronger cooperation between governments, businesses, investors, cities and communities to ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Explaining the construction of global carbon markets: REDD+ as a test case?

    Market–based instruments increasingly shape international environmental governance. Against this background, this paper puts forward a conceptual framework on the development of regulated global carbon markets. Regarding the adoption of carbon trading as an instance of wider shifts in governance allows us to benefit from the rich literature on (international) institutional change. At the same ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The emerging Canadian carbon market: New fundamentals and opportunities

    Steps have recently been taken by the Ontario government to implement a cap and trade system in Ontario, and by the Canadian federal government to facilitate trading of offset credits for greenhouse gas ('GHG') emissions.Ontario introduced enabling legislation on May 27, 2009 (Bill 185) to amend the Environmental Protection Act (Ontario) to allow the provincial government to establish a cap and ...


    By McMillan LLP

  • Beyond carbon financing: The role of sustainable development policies and measures in REDD

    This report looks beyond quantifying emissions reductions at a more flexible approach for recognizing mitigation actions being taken by developing countries in the forest sector. This approach ensures that countries with high historical emissions are not necessarily favored for support, and it allows for a broader set of MRV criteria to capture country’s efforts to change the drivers of ...

  • Voluntary carbon market is fast becoming big business

    If anyone had doubts about the importance of the voluntary carbon market they would certainly have been overcome by the announcement last month by Merrill Lynch of a new carbon offset service to assist businesses to reduce emissions through voluntary offsets. In partnership with ICF International, Merrill Lynch’s new Green and Gold initiative is the latest in a series of moves by major financial ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Surge in emission reductions recorded across global supply chains

    Emission reductions equivalent to 551 million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide were recorded across global supply chains in 2017, up from the 434 million registered the previous year. ...

  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Carbon annuities and their potential to preserve tropical forests and slow global warming: an application for small-scale farmers

    Carbon annuities have been suggested as a means for rewarding landowners for preserving forests and sequestering carbon. Although this is an intuitively appealing approach, the benefits of the sequestration activities have not been compared with the opportunity cost of preserving the forest. This paper represents an initial attempt at analysing how large carbon annuities must be to induce a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Companies from Chanel to Ben and Jerry’s are benefiting from the new “carbon insetting” trend

    Ten years ago, serendipity set Tristan Lecomte on his path to planting millions of trees around the world. Lecomte was CEO of the French organic and fair trade company Alter Eco, and his eco-conscious consumers were pressing him about his actions on climate change. So Lecomte calculated his company’s carbon footprint and began planting trees in partnership ...


    By Ensia

  • Using the Clean Development Mechanism to mitigate emissions from peatlands: “Avoided drainage” and “Rewetting” as new CDM activities

    Introduction Currently, the only land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) activities that are eligible under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) are afforestation and reforestation (A/R), which allow for the generation of credits by net removal by sinks. This could include afforestation and reforestation of wet organic soils (peatlands), e.g. with peatswamp forest tree ...


    By Wetlands International

  • The Sustainable Forest Products Industry, Carbon and Climate Change – Key Messages for Policy-Makers (2007 Update)

    This publication calls for public policies that make the best use of the forestry sector’s carbon profile and carbon cycle. It proposes six key points that those responsible for devising forestry and carbon policies need to know, and it highlights the carbon opportunities and challenges facing the sector. Specifically, the Sustainable Forest Products Industry (SFPI) calls on policy-makers to: ...

  • Is the United Nations' REDD scheme conservation colonialism by default?

    The paper assesses Australian aid programmes to Indonesia that are designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation. It is envisaged that reductions in deforestation will generate a stock of UN recognised carbon credits for Indonesia. The Australian government hopes to offset 50% of its own emissions by buying up international carbon credits, and has a direct interest in securing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mitigating climate change through oil palm cultivation

    Oil palm requires 7-11 times less land area than soyabean, rapeseed and sunflower to produce the same amount of oil. Therefore, the use of palm oil for food and biofuel, has saved 97-159 million ha of land from being deforested for cultivation with lower yielding oil crops. This has avoided 27-45 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2-e) emissions. Oil palm also sequesters eight times more CO2 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Business Case for REDD

    Deforestation and Degradation Around the world, forests are being destroyed at a rate of about thirteen million hectares a year and deforestation accounts for an estimated 17 – 20% of all global emissions. In addition, forests and other terrestrial carbon sinks play a vital role in preventing runaway climate change, soaking up a full 2.6 Gt of atmospheric carbon every year. The ...


    By The CarbonNeutral Company

  • Forecast: Brazil - national climate change plan

    Law 12.187 of 29 December 2009 institutes the National Climate Change Policy of Brazil. While debate rages on over whether or not Copenhagen was effective, Brazil has taken a meaningful step to reduce its projected greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions by approximately 37% by 2020. Much of this reduction will come from cuts in deforestation rates. In addition, projected anthropogenic emissions will ...

  • Community involvement with forest management can boost biodiversity

    Forests can act as carbon sinks and help counteract climate change. A study of forestry practices in India shows that involving local communities in conservation efforts can boost the biodiversity and stability of forest ecosystems. Community-based forest management policies may therefore represent valid carbon mitigation strategies. The EU aims to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by more than ...

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