carbon emissions factor Articles

  • Emission factors – what are they and what are they for?

    What are emission factors? Carbon emission factors, sometimes called carbon conversion factors, are used to calculate the carbon emissions arising from an activity. For the greatest accuracy, the best way to measure carbon emissions would be to monitor them directly as they are emitted, for example by placing a sensor in a power station chimney.  Given the large number of different sources ...


    By Greenstone+

  • Driving force factor analysis of global carbon intensity changes

    This paper presents the first attempt to analyse the driving force factors of global carbon intensity changes. The said changes from 1998 to 2009 are decomposed into a summation of the quantitative effects of three dimensions: 1) time; 2) emitter (195 countries and regions); 3) influence factor (technological innovation and economic structural adjustment). The decomposition results revealed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economics of a global strategy for reduction of carbon emissions

    The evolution of natural systems that feed and sustain human populations, and indeed the evolution of modern society, has occurred in the context of a moderate and stable climate. Therefore, recent trends in climate change, most likely caused by increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide and other radiative trace gases in the atmosphere, and the expected consequent global warming, are now a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Carbon dioxide emissions, impact on Malaysia's manufacturing productivity growth

    The methods used to measure productivity growth generally ignore the pollutants that are produced by the industrial processes. For example, pollutant emissions generated as undesirable output, apart from the main output of Malaysia's manufacturing sector, are excluded from the productivity accounting framework. This study aims at an extended productivity measure that takes pollutants into account ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study on influencing factors of carbon emissions from energy consumption of Shandong Province of China from 1995 to 2009

    LMDI, MRCI and Shapley value models are employed for decomposing carbon emissions from energy consumption of Shandong province from 1995 to 2009. Based on the results, an optimal weighted combination model is put forward. By applying STIRPAT model, the impact of each factor on carbon emissions is evaluated. The results show that the cumulative effects of population, per capita GDP and industrial ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Black carbon emissions of individual cars measured under real conditions

    Measurements of individual vehicle emissions are usually made in laboratory tests. In this study, researchers followed cars driving in real conditions to measure emissions of air pollutants, including black carbon and nitrogen oxides. The study shows that diesel cars contribute disproportionately to air pollution, and highlights the value of on-road measurements. Vehicle traffic is a major source ...


    By European Commission

  • Factors affecting the choice of VOC sensor

    VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) perform many vital roles as fuels, solvents, cleaners, feedstock, sterilants etc. However, they can be harmful to health and the environment, so it is often necessary to monitor their concentration. By definition, organic compounds contain the element carbon, and exhibit similar chemical properties, which is advantageous from a monitoring perspective. However, ...


    By Alphasense

  • Is $0 your best guess? - Many companies do not yet factor in a price for carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions into their corporate planning.

    Emerging climate change policy regimes and evolving greenhouse gas (GHG) markets are increasingly important for corporate decision-makers around the world. Readers of Environmental Finance, of course, do not need to be convinced of the sheer magnitude of voluntary and mandatory climate change initiatives being discussed at national and international levels.  And few observers believe that ...

  • A comparative analysis of city–based emission trading schemes: key design and management factors for environmental cost effectiveness

    With more than half the world's population living in urban areas, cities have become a major source of local and global atmospheric pollution. Originally developed in the 1990s to decrease local pollution, Local Emission Trading Schemes (ETSs) are now emerging as a promising cost–efficient instrument to achieve local GHG emissions reductions. This paper compares four existing city–based ETS ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biofuels and carbon footprint

    Europe’s use of biofuels to fuel its vehicles risks driving land grabs and deforestation, increasing food prices, exacerbating poverty and hunger, and accelerating climate change. We are seriously concerned that the Commission has not yet taken action to ensure that Europe’s green transport policy discourages those biofuels that cause higher greenhouse gas emissions than fossil ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Carbon footprint, corporate strategy

    Virgin Group includes nearly seventy companies across a diverse range of sectors from aviation to wine distribution, each facing different carbon management challenges. The companies range from small office based organisations with a few employees to large multinationals with thousands of employees. Greenstone was commissioned by Virgin Group to undertake a carbon mapping exercise to identify ...


    By Greenstone+

  • Carbon dioxide capture: an assessment of plausible ranges

    The projections of energy related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) serve as point of departure for an assessment of plausible ranges of CO2 emissions that could be avoided through CO2 capture and storage measures. Scenario and time ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air Emissions/Off-Gas Treatment

    A number of technologies have been widely applied for removal of VOCs from off-gas streams. However, the application of these technologies to off-gases from site remediation may be quite limited. Biofiltration has been widely applied for VOC destruction in Europe and Japan, but it has only recently been used in the United States. Catalytic and thermal oxidation are widely used for the destruction ...

  • Carbon emissions embodied in the international trade of China: a hypothesised-country-based study

    Based on the hypothesised-country assumption, this paper chooses South Korea’s technical coefficients as those of China’s imports. Using the input-output tables of both China and South Korea, this paper calculates China’s trade-embodied carbon emissions and its sectoral breakdown between 2001 and 2010. Some interesting results are obtained. First, if China’s technical coefficients are used to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Peatlands: hotspots for emissions reductions

    Peatlands play a critical role in climate regulation, storing twice as much carbon as the entire world’s forest biomass and emitting large amounts of carbon when drained. Peat carbon stocks are distributed worldwide. The mitigation potential is very significant, but possible future possible emissions as well if no rapid action is taken to protect and restore them. The UNFCCC provides ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Decomposition analysis of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in selected countries

    This article introduces an approach applicable to analysing different factors influencing elements relevant in sustainable development like environmental impacts. The approach is built on the idea of IPAT identity and it applies a chained two-factor decomposition technique for calculating numerical estimates for a larger set of contributing factors than traditionally done in applying ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 8 steps to managing your organisation`s Scope 3 carbon emissions

    Scope 3 emissions, or 'value chain emissions', represent all the indirect impacts upstream and downstream of an organisation, not already captured by the GHG Protocol's Scope 1 and 2 reporting. These often represent the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions and in some cases can account for up to 90% of the ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Reduction in carbon emissions in the Brazilian agricultural value chain through a decrease in transported volume

    Privileged characteristics have helped Brazil to consolidate itself as a leader in agricultural exports. These exports, however, have unique characteristic. They are heavily focused on commodity items, its production areas are relatively far from seaports and its transport matrix is strongly focused on road transportation. This combination of factors brings several environmental impacts. Popular ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Activated Carbons and Manufactured Gas Plants

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the pros and cons related to each of these factors when using one of three accepted options in conjunction with the "hog and haul" method of remediating a site. The options are the use of (1) minimal controls, (2) extensive onsite monitoring and (3) a fabric structure with limited air testing. As we are all aware, the government continues to react to ...


    By TIGG, LLC

  • Carbon footprints of Scandinavian wastewater treatment plants

    This study estimates the carbon footprints of 16 municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), all situated in Scandinavian countries, by using a simple model. The carbon footprint calculations were based on operational data, literature emission factors (efs) and measurements of greenhouse gas emissions at some of the studied WWTPs. No carbon neutral WWTPs were found. The carbon footprints ...


    By IWA Publishing

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