carbon emissions factor Articles

  • Factors affecting seasonal variation of methane concentration in water in a freshwater marsh vegetated with Carex lasiocarpa

    To understand the underlying factors affecting the seasonal variation of the methane concentration in a cool temperate freshwater marsh vegetated with Carex lasiocarpa in the Sanjiang Plain of northeast China, we measured methane emission from, and the concentrations of methane, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and acetate in, water samples taken from the standing water surface to the top of the ...


    By Springer

  • The impact of technology and structure change on GHG emissions in China: an analysis based on LMDI model

    This paper analyses the changes in the amount of carbon in GHG emissions from China' energy consumption between 1994 and 2008 with LMDI techniques to examine the economic factors that determine carbon emissions. The results show that the changes of economic scale, population, the number of households, and the urban-rural dual structure tend to increase carbon emissions; the changes of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Clean urban transport can drive emissions cuts

    Here’s a way to save $100 trillion and stop 1,700 million tonnes of carbon dioxide from getting into the atmosphere every year by 2050: cycle, walk or take public transport. A new report by the University of California Davis and the Institute for ...


    By Climate News Network

  • Offsets in the international emissions market: Do buyers get what they pay for?

    This paper analyses buyer preferences in the context of the market for emissions trading under the UNFCCC. The purpose of this paper is to investigate pricing of offsets (Certified Emissions Reductions or “CERs” under the UNFCCC) (through an empirical survey of two segments of the authorized CER buyer market) to understand the relationship between buyer preferences for CER carbon offsets in the ...

  • Wallström Warms to Role for Aviation in EU Emissions Trading

    EU Environment Commissioner Margot Wallström has expressed cautious support for allowing European flights into the EU emissions trading scheme from 2008. Airport operator BAA has developed proposals to allow airlines to offset their rising emissions by buying EU allowances - and the UK Government looks likely to back the idea in its forthcoming aviation White Paper. Aviation's soaring ...

  • Case study - Styrene emissions: Catalytic oxidizer with concentrator

    Overview The world's largest button manufacturer needed a pollution control system that would destroy styrene emissions from a variety of plant processes. The plant was proactively seeking a cost-effective air pollution control solution to preempt future regulatory action. The main concern of the customer was the high operating cost of an emission control system. ...

  • The Role of Eucalyptus Globulus Forest and Products in Carbon Sequestration

    Abstract This study is a contribution to the ongoing debate about the selection of the approach for carbon accounting in wood products to be used, in the future, in the national greenhouse gas inventories under the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). Two accounting approaches are used in this analysis: the stock-change approach and the atmospheric-flow approach. ...


    By Springer

  • EPA plans to make greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reporting mandatory

    Mandatory carbon (CO2) emissions reporting is more important than ever as the United States works with facilities to reduce substances known to adversely affect air quality, the climate, and lead to global warming. Most of the known matter that is destroying the earth’s ozone layer and contributing to global warming is derived from manmade compounds and chemicals with high global warming ...


    By Verisae

  • Designing “Measurable” Post-2020 emissions reduction commitments

    As climate negotiations kick off this week in Warsaw, Poland (COP 19), the stakes are high. The recently published UNEP Emissions Gap Report finds that countries are falling woefully short of the action required to avoid ...

  • Characterising emissions from private passenger vehicles using engine operating patterns

    A method to simulate emissions factors using frequency distribution plots of engine speed and engine load is proposed. The distribution plots and corresponding emissions factors were developed from speed time series' of real-world driving cycles and physical properties of a range of private passenger vehicles tested at the EMPA. Emissions factors were estimated for a set of simultaneously ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Real-world vehicle emissions as measured by in situ analysis of exhaust plumes

    Abstract We conducted a 60-day roadside measurement campaign on a busy street in Münster, Germany, during summer 2016. We used gas and particle concentration measurements with high temporal resolution (10 Hz) to quantify both the emission ratios of nitrogen oxides per carbon dioxide (NOx/CO2) for over 70,000 individual exhaust plumes as well as the emission ratios ...


    By ECO PHYSICS AG

  • Mandatory Carbon Reporting for London Stock Exchange Listed Companies

    In June 2012 The UK’s Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg announced a new mandatory carbon reporting requirement for all main board companies on the London Stock Exchange (list of 1,370 companies here). This follows a public consultation last year where the majority supported making GHG ...


    By Accuvio

  • Alstom Exec: Carbon Pricing & Technology Innovation Are Symbiotic

    Amy Ericson, U.S. country president for technology company Alstom, spoke at the World Bank Group about the interplay between carbon pricing and innovation that can lower carbon emissions for cleaner, more sustainable development. Alstom is involved in the Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition. "Alstom supports a price on ...


    By The World Bank

  • Preparing for mandatory Greenhouse Gas Emissions reporting [checklist]

    Here at Drumbeat, we are firm believers in prior planning! As news of the forthcoming mandatory Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions reporting for all listed companies hits the business press, we thought we would compile a handy checklist for those that need to comply. Determine your reporting period. GHG mandatory reporting starts on 1st Oct 2013. You need to know when your ...


    By Drumbeat Energy Limited

  • If carbon pricing is so great, why isn’t it working?

    Political hurdles and low prices have made carbon pricing a low-impact affair. But there’s still hope it can help limit climate change. Earth’s atmosphere has long served as a free dump for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases generated by humans. That is changing as policy-makers embrace economists’ advice that the best way to cut greenhouse gas emissions is to charge an ...


    By Ensia

  • Sweden: Decoupling GDP growth from CO2 emissions is possible

    Sweden is proud to join forces with Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All), convening in New York this week. Energy is one of the most decisive issues of our age. ...


    By The World Bank

  • Different emission estimates produced by EU bodies/institutions

    EU GHG inventory submission to UNFCCC (EEA and DG Climate Action) The European Union (EU), as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), reports annually on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the years 1990 to X-2 (i.e. two years before the current year1) and within the area covered by its Member States. The legal basis for the compilation of the ...

  • Proposed boiler MACT sets aggressive emission limits

    On June 4, 2010, U.S. EPA proposed National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions.  EPA proposed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Explaining the construction of global carbon markets: REDD+ as a test case?

    Market–based instruments increasingly shape international environmental governance. Against this background, this paper puts forward a conceptual framework on the development of regulated global carbon markets. Regarding the adoption of carbon trading as an instance of wider shifts in governance allows us to benefit from the rich literature on (international) institutional change. At the same ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prepare now for the carbon tax bill or face hefty fines

    To avoid massive financial penalties, South Africa-based industries need to immediately prepare for the implementation of the Carbon Tax Bill, warns Roger Rusch, CEO of IWC (Industrial Water Cooling). In November 2015, the National Treasury published the Draft Carbon Tax Bill for public comment. Once implemented, the Bill will penalise companies with excessive Green House Gas (GHG) ...

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