carbon farming Articles

  • The urban stormwater farm

    Currently more than 3 billion people live in urban areas. The urban population is predicted to increase by a further 3 billion by 2,050. Rising oil prices, unreliable rainfall and natural disasters have all contributed to a rise in global food prices. Food security is becoming an increasingly important issue for many nations. There is also a growing awareness of both ‘food miles’ and ‘virtual ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development and testing of a European Union –wide farm‐level carbon calculator

    Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture accounted for around 10% of total European Union (EU) emissions in 2010. To reduce farming‐related GHG emissions, appropriate policy measures and supporting tools for promoting low‐carbon farming practices may be efficacious. This paper presents the methodology and testing results of a new EU‐wide farm‐level carbon footprint calculator. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Carbon Offsets

    In the 21st century, achieving 100% carbon neutrality can be a daunting task. Simple activities such as watching television, sending an email message, cooking and making a phone call all produce carbon emissions. Carbon offsets offer an alternative to reducing emissions by enabling individuals and businesses to compensate for their carbon emissions by purchasing credits which offset their ...


    By BSC Sustainability Services

  • Food, the carbon story

    What do milk, bread and orange juice have in common? One answer is that they have all had their carbon footprints assessed and the products have been labelled by the Carbon Trust. Over the last five years, the Carbon Trust has certified the carbon footprints of a wide range of food products, and worked with a variety of companies to help them understand the carbon content of their food. As a ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Anaerobic Digestion at Dairy Farms

    The need to upgrade dairy waste management practices to overcome pollution problems is leading more farmers to seek solutions with anaerobic digestion technology. Two recent examples of this trend are underway at California sites. The Cal Poly Dairy is located adjacent to the California Polytechnic State University campus in San Luis Obispo. The dairy milks 180 cows with a total population of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Evaluation of greenhouse gas emissions and design of mitigation options: a whole farm approach based on farm management data and mechanistic models

    Agricultural activities are important sources of nitrous oxide (N22O), methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2). They contribute approximately 10% of the total emitted greenhouse gases (GhG) in the European Union. We search for evaluating GhG emissions at the farm level and designing mitigation options. As emissions occur at many stages within the farm operation, it is crucial to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • U.S. headed for massive decline in carbon emissions*

    For years now, many members of Congress have insisted that cutting carbon emissions was difficult, if not impossible. It is not. During the two years since 2007, carbon emissions have dropped 9 percent. While part of this drop is from the recession, part of it is also from efficiency gains and from replacing coal with natural gas, wind, solar, and geothermal energy. The United States has ended a ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Planetary crisis and to constraint carbon emissions

    Extreme weather patterns, glaciers melt and rising sea levels have been brought on by tonnes of carbon emissions.Such by-products of human activity stem chiefly from the burning of fossil fuels and fuel consumption by vehicle engines. As you are fully aware of the facts that belching emissions from all industries are unhealthy for a sustainable earth. The intergovernmental panel on climate change ...


    By PRC Global Pte Ltd

  • Carbon Sequestration: Addressing Climate Change and Food Security through Sustainable Agriculture

    Introduction To meet the demands of a growing, increasingly urban global population (approximately 9 billion by 2050), the World Bank calculates that global food production must increase by 70% in the next 35 years. This is a great challenge not only because of the volume of food that must be produced, but because agricultural conditions will not remain constant or predicable ...


    By Climate Institute

  • The Role of Natural Gas in a Low-Carbon Energy Economy*

    Growing estimates of natural gas resources, including a new category of 'unconventional' gas, suggest that accessible supplies of this least carbon-intensive of the fossil fuels may be far more abundant than previously assumed. This unexpected development creates opportunities for deploying natural gas in a variety of sectors—including power generation, industry, and ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • Managing carbon emissions: understanding the UK landscape

    Ensuring the development of low-carbon generation and the regulation of greenhouse gas production is one of the many priorities for UK government. As such, several policies have been introduced to help manage greenhouse gas levels, including the Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS) and the Smart Grid Forum. The Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS) ...


    By Inprova Energy

  • Sea water treatment for shrimp farming - Case Study

    Global demand for seafood remains high, yet farming shrimps in aquaculture is a tricky business. Disinfection and desalination systems significantly improve the water quality in the breeding tanks, thereby improving the shrimp survival rate. Task Aquaculture - a growth market Shrimps are a popular delicacy, especially in Europe and the USA. According to the ...


    By ProMinent GmbH

  • A UASB bioreactor using silage as a carbon source to reduce sulfate

    Low cost-treatment for sulfate removal is required in many areas where potable water is scarce. The biggest challenge in biological treatment is finding an abundant low or no-cost carbon source. This work demonstrated for the first time that leachate from the agricultural byproduct silage can be used in an upflow anaerobic sludge-bed bioreactor to reduce sulfate for on-farm water treatment. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of coagulant and flocculant addition scheme on the treatment of dairy farm wastewater

    Our group was approached by a manufacturer of treatment trains to recycle wastewater from dairy farm manure. Company X treatment trains consist of microscreening, sedimentation and filtration units attached to a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane. To enhance screening, a coagulant and a flocculant are added to the stream feeding the microscreen. However, their customers experience foaming on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Latin America spurs action into low-carbon development

    Mexico and Dominican Republic set new targets as recently launched report asserts huge potential around low-carbon development. Two countries in Central America, Mexico and the Dominican Republic, are leading the way into renewable energy and low-carbon development. And, this is driven as much by worries over energy costs and security as it is by concerns over carbon. In the ...


    By Vital Energi

  • Supply and demand: key trends in carbon consumption

    Hugh Jones, Managing Director of Carbon Trust Advisory, investigates eight key trends Carbon Trust Advisory predicts will have an impact over 2012 and beyond Regulatory pressures, the need to improve efficiency and save money, and the promise of reputational gain have driven many large organisations to look at how they can measure and reduce carbon in their own business. As carbon ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • REMOVING LIMESCALE IMPROVES WATER QUALITY IN POULTRY FARMS

    Water is one of the most important nutrients in poultry production.  About 70 per cent of a bird’s body is made up of water - eggs contain around 65% water. Birds are constantly losing water in egg production, so there is an obvious need for constant replenishment.  Water intake is almost twice the weight of ...

  • A case study in land and water regeneration to reduce the impact of climate change by soil bio-sequestration of atmospheric carbon

    The whole of landscape regenerative processes are being studied to determine their effect upon carbon bio-sequestration in agricultural soils. The Mulwaree Ponds drainage system, south of Sydney, shows the effects of overgrazing by fine wool sheep over the past 160 years and the resultant loss of perennial groundcover causing nutrient leaching into Sydney's drinking water catchment. Natural ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • No-till corn after Bromegrass: Effect on soil carbon and soil aggregates

    Grasslands in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) in the USA may be converted to grain crops for bioenergy. The effect of no-till conversion of a smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss) grassland to no-till corn (Zea mays L.) production on soil organic carbon (SOC) in the western Corn Belt was monitored for over 6 yr. A different 13C/12C isotope signature is imparted to SOC by C4 plants ...

  • Treatment of farm dairy effluent with hybrid upflow multilayer bioreactor and activated sludge module

    Biological removal of nitrogen and carbon from farm dairy effluent (FDE) was studied with two laboratory-scale systems following nitrification and denitrification processes. Each system consisted of an upflow multilayer bioreactor (UMBR) as a pre-denitrification unit, an aeration tank (AT) as nitrification unit and a secondary clarifier. The optimization of two operational variables, total ...


    By IWA Publishing

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