carbon footprint methodologies Articles

  • Domestic energy sustainability of different urban residential patterns: a New Zealand approach

    A quantitative study was undertaken to calculate the potential sustainability of five residential blocks in Auckland, New Zealand (NZ) of differing physical densities. The main study considered five attributes of sustainability: domestic energy, transportation, carbon sequestration, food, and waste. This paper presents the results and mathematical methodology developed for one key aspect, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Accelerating the move to a low water economy

    Carry out even a small amount of research into global water scarcity and the statistics can be unnerving. The UN estimates that 2.7 billion people will face water scarcity by 2025, and with climate change accelerating higher salinity levels in a number of regions, water scarcity is now more of a threat than ever. The future for water availability looks very uncertain, but attempts are now being ...

  • Emission factors – what are they and what are they for?

    What are emission factors? Carbon emission factors, sometimes called carbon conversion factors, are used to calculate the carbon emissions arising from an activity. For the greatest accuracy, the best way to measure carbon emissions would be to monitor them directly as they are emitted, for example by placing a sensor in a power station chimney.  Given the large number of different sources ...


    By Greenstone

  • An essential resource: water management, conservation, and preservation

    Sustainable water resource management is the next major global target that will lead corporations, governments, and others to develop system-wide solutions for water, public health, carbon, and energy use. A standardized and certifiable water footprint methodology is necessary to measure, assess, and reduce water usage impacts on humans and the environment. This discussion addresses the issues, ...

  • Energy efficiency in water distribution systems – a path to an ideal network: AGS experience

    Infrastructure asset management (IAM) gave a step forward in Portuguese water utilities due to recent legal obligations in developing IAM plans. An effort was made by AGS (Administração e Gestão de Sistemas de Salubridade, S.A.), private operator in 17 water utilities, to achieve a higher level of managing data. Data management was an important hurdle to be overcome in order ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The EU water challenge: Every Drop Counts, A review of the EU’s largest environmental conference

    Every year as the summer approaches, EU policy makers, public authorities, NGOs, industry and private citizens gather at Green Week, the main environmental event of the European Commission. This year, from May 22-25, the 12th edition of Green Week consisted of a series of conferences on water issues and challenges. As water resources suffer increasing strains in the region, the European Union is ...

  • GHG quantification reporting and lifecycle assessment: does one size fit all?

    Corporate and government entities have been developing and reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories, some for well over a decade. The basis for developing these inventories has evolved from voluntary mechanisms (e.g., sustainability reports; registries like the DOE 1605(b) or The Climate Registry) to regulatory requirements (e.g., EU Emissions Trading Scheme, US EPA Mandatory Reporting ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Wetlands International`s inputs to the ENVI Committee’s draft 2nd reading report on ILUC

    Inputs to the ENVI Committee’s Draft Report on the procedure file 2012/0288(COD): Fuels and energy from renewable sources: transition to biofuels to deliver greenhouse gas savings Wetlands International welcomes the transition towards the sustainable production and consumption of bioenergy which delivers substantial greenhouse gas (GHG) savings compared to fossil fuels. As an ...


    By Wetlands International

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