carbon market Articles

  • Understanding the voluntary carbon market

    The monitoring, reducing and offsetting of carbon emissions by corporations, organisations and individuals is rapidly moving from an ‘if’ and ‘why’ scenario to a ‘when’ and ‘how’ one. For the Kyoto Protocol signatory nations, this shift is one that combines elements of education, obligation and cooperation. For the few nations that have not signed on to the Kyoto Protocol, the change in ...

  • Establishing a global carbon market

    In its 2007 publication Policy Directions to 2050, the WBCSD proposes an outline for a post-2012 international framework. It features four key elements: The establishment of a quantifiable long-term (50-year) trajectory for the management of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Global cooperation to accelerate energy technology development and deployment and enable the rapid transfer of ...

  • Regulatory challenges for financial and carbon markets

    The controversy about how financial derivatives markets are to be regulated that has been opened up by the credit crunch is in many ways parallel to the widening debate over regulation of carbon markets. Both markets involve hitherto untried attempts at commodification: in the case of the financial markets, commodification of an unprecedented range of uncertainties, and in the case of the carbon ...

  • Transnational aspects of a linked carbon market

    As greenhouse gas emissions trading systems emerge worldwide, the prospect of linking these systems has increasing economic appeal. However, there are a number of, practical and political considerations to take into account which may in many cases outweigh this theoretical attractiveness. There are also several legal instruments and approaches that can be used to link schemes ranging, from the ...

  • MANAGING GREENHOUSE GASES IN THE DEVELOPING CARBON MARKETS

    Introduction On February 16, 2005, the Kyoto Protocol entered into force following Russia’s ratification after a lengthy period of uncertainty. Although the US and Australia have stated that they will not ratify the Protocol, here, too, there are initiatives by state governments and by the private sector to reducegreenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Firms are now faced with important strategic ...


    By ENVIRON

  • Converging Markets

    The crucible in this scenario for the international climate regime is the emergence of an effective and liquid international carbon market with participation of private entities. In order to make the carbon market effective a bilateral negotiation track will develop, operating in parallel with the multilateral track under the UNFCCC. The purpose of the bilateral track is to integrate the various ...


    By Springer

  • Carbon market and global climate governance: limitations and challenges

    Climate change has been a challenge to international diplomacy and to global climate governance (GCG) involving governments, companies and civil society. This paper discusses the limitations and challenges of the global carbon market as a mechanism of GCG and its role in the post–Kyoto period. This study is part of an interdisciplinary and multi–institutional research about GCG and carbon market ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The emerging Canadian carbon market: New fundamentals and opportunities

    Steps have recently been taken by the Ontario government to implement a cap and trade system in Ontario, and by the Canadian federal government to facilitate trading of offset credits for greenhouse gas ('GHG') emissions.Ontario introduced enabling legislation on May 27, 2009 (Bill 185) to amend the Environmental Protection Act (Ontario) to allow the provincial government to establish a cap and ...


    By McMillan LLP

  • Voluntary carbon market is fast becoming big business

    If anyone had doubts about the importance of the voluntary carbon market they would certainly have been overcome by the announcement last month by Merrill Lynch of a new carbon offset service to assist businesses to reduce emissions through voluntary offsets. In partnership with ICF International, Merrill Lynch’s new Green and Gold initiative is the latest in a series of moves by major financial ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Failed announcement on EU ETS generates uncertainty in carbon market

    Carbon traders criticise European Commission’s failed announcement on carbon credits for damaging investor’s confidence. The Carbon Markets and Investors Association (CMIA) has widely criticised the European Commission's change in its decision to ban the use of industrial gas offset credits in the EU’s emissions trading scheme (ETS), saying that the uncertainty could restrict ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • Explaining the construction of global carbon markets: REDD+ as a test case?

    Market–based instruments increasingly shape international environmental governance. Against this background, this paper puts forward a conceptual framework on the development of regulated global carbon markets. Regarding the adoption of carbon trading as an instance of wider shifts in governance allows us to benefit from the rich literature on (international) institutional change. At the same ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • China readies national carbon market to fight climate change

    BEIJING (AP) - At first, the numbers and company names flashing on a big board in Beijing's financial district suggest a booming market. A closer look indicates otherwise: The scrolling list rotates the same dozen or so trades, all from last year. The lights from the Beijing Environment Exchange - one of seven pilot markets in China for trading carbon - raises ...


    By Associated Press

  • Market convergence through the back door: Inadvertent integration of the world’s carbon markets under NAFTA

    Canada has promised to set up a greenhouse gas trading program to facilitate its greenhouse gas emissions reductions and has expressed an interest in tying its program to the European Union Emission Trading Scheme. At the same time, the United States Congress is contemplating legislation that would set up the country’s own, domestically-scaled GHG trading program and attempt to insulate it from ...

  • The Carbon Market and the Post-2012 Climate Regime: Key Legal Scenarios

    Less then six months before Copenhagen, even the broad outline of the post-2012 legal framework remains undecided. The reasons for this are both political and procedural. Legal issues are politically highly sensitive – this is the main reason why they have not been clarified earlier. Procedurally, negotiations are proceeding on two separate “tracks,” one under the Kyoto Protocol and another one ...

  • 4 Key issues surrounding climate policies, carbon markets, and competitiveness

    Even in the absence of an international framework for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, several countries, states, and provinces are developing and implementing climate policies. A growing number of these policies include market-based programs, some of which aim to link to each other through regional and global ...

  • A massive market failure

    When Nicholas Stern, former chief economist at the World Bank, released his ground-breaking study in late 2006 on the future costs of climate change, he talked about a massive market failure. He was referring to the failure of the market to incorporate the climate change costs of burning fossil fuels. The costs, he said, would be measured in the trillions of dollars. The difference between the ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • EU narrows down carbon-market overhaul options, climate action commissioner says

    The European Union's regulatory arm is winnowing down the options for a long-term overhaul of the world's biggest carbon market and aims to make a decision in the coming months, EU Climate Action Commissioner Connie Hedegaard said. The European Commission has floated several scenarios to help curb a record glut of emission permits and boost the price of carbon in the bloc's €54 billion ($72 ...


    By Bloomberg BNA

  • Radon levels in different types of bottled drinking water and carbonated drinks in Iraqi markets

    In the present work, radon concentration was measured for different types of bottled drinking water and carbonated drink samples that are available in Iraqi markets. Radon measurements were carried out using a RAD-7 electronic radon detector. Annual effective dose was also calculated. The measured radon concentration in samples of bottled drinking water ranged from 0.0354 to 0.248 Bq/l with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dynamic carbon footprinting

    The early focus by individual businesses on the reduction of their own carbon footprint is being superseded by a phase of building carbon-constrained business networks. Across these networks, businesses evaluate each others' footprints and conduct business accordingly. Dynamic carbon footprinting is emerging as a powerful tool for guiding operational logic and business transformation into the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lessons learned from the financial crisis: Designing carbon markets for environmental effectiveness and financial stability

    The spectacular market and regulatory failures we have witnessed in the current financial crisis provide a cautionary tale for any future carbon trading program. The crisis has highlighted the importance of preventing speculative bubbles and excessive risk-taking, how failures in one market can pose broader risks to the financial system, and the need for robust financial regulation. This article ...

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