catalytic research Articles

  • Treatment of petroleum refinery wastewater by distillation-assisted catalytic oxidation under low temperature and low pressure

    A distillation-assisted catalytic oxidation (DACO) process under low temperature (100 °C) and atmospheric pressure was investigated to treat heavily contaminated wastewater from oil refining industry. The DACO experiments were carried out in a distillation batch reactor, using CuO/γ-A12O3 as catalyst. The experimental temperature was kept at 100 °C and H2O2 oxidant was supplied into the reactive ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Research on mass transfer columns: passe?

    Since university research on mass transfer columns has decreased significantly in recent years, it is discussed whether the current knowledge of mass transfer technology for trays, packing materials, and column internals is sufficient to design energy- and cost-efficient systems. Points of view are described that have not yet been clarified from an industrial position and should play an important ...


    By Raschig USA Inc.

  • The effect of several parameters on catalytic denitrification of water by the use of H2 in the presence of O2 over metal supported catalysts

    The present paper involves a detailed study of the selective catalytic reduction of nitrates in aqueous mediums by the use of H2 in the presence of O2 over monometallic and bimetallic supported catalysts. In this study, an attempt has been made to improve the denitrification efficiency (XNO3−, SN2) of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ”Catalytic VOC oxidation has been an excellent VOC elimination method in our paint plant”, Pekka Kotilainen, Environmental Manager, Tikkurila Oyj, FIN

    Tikkurila has been succesfully treating VOC emissions in paint production with catalytic VOC incinerator for years For already 17 years, Tikkurila has been treating the VOC emissions in Finland’s paint production plant with the first regenerative catalytic VOC oxidizer on the market. Catalytic incineration has proven to be a very applicable, easy and effective way to respond to ...


  • World Adipic Acid Market is Expected to Grow at a CAGR of 4.7% from 2014 to 2020: Grand View Research, Inc

    The global market for adipic acid is expected to reach USD 7,240.8 million by 2020, according to a new study by Grand View Research, Inc. Growing demand for nylon resins and fiber from major end use industries such as automotive and electronics mainly in BRIC nations is expected to remain a key driving factor for the market over the next six years. However, volatility in raw material prices ...


  • Nanosized materials for environmental and energy related applications

    Efforts are being made to develop nanomaterials for addressing issues related to energy, environment and resource conservation. In this connection, research is being conducted at Environmental Materials Unit in the area of development of nanosized structural analogues related to molecular sieves and zeolites, surface functionalised zeolites, pervoskite based catalytic materials, multifunctional ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Spanish presence in the molecular sieve technology scenario

    Molecular sieve research is a mature, but growing, area of interest within the Spanish scientific community. Indeed, Spanish researchers produce about 10% of the total number of publications in the zeolite field, covering new aspects of synthesis, characterisation and catalytic applications of those materials. More recently, there has been an emergent area focusing more on nanotechnological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Filtration and manganese removal

    Manganese removal through a filter bed is generally carried out and accepted by practitioners and researchers as occurring through catalytic oxidation at the surface of MnO2 coated media, although manganese passage through a coated media filter has been little investigated. To better understand the kinetics of Mn removal through a naturally coated filter, a pilot plant consisting of four filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decolorization of simulated spent reactive dye bath using solar / TiO2 / H2O2

    Different parameters were investigated to evaluate their effect on the process removal efficiency of reactive dye from simulated spent reactive dye bath, by solar / TiO2 / H2O2, including H2O2 concentration, TiO2 loading and pH. As a result 99% of reactive dye can be removed at a TiO2 loading of 400mg/l, H2O2 concentration of 150 mg/l and of pH: 5.2. The effect of photo-catalytic deactivation of ...

  • The U.S. Department of Energy's NOx control technology R&D programme for existing power plants

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has established a set of national priorities through its Strategic Plan that includes the goal to promote secure, competitive, and environmentally responsible energy systems that serve the needs of the public. The Innovations for Existing Plants (formerly the Advanced Research and Environmental Technologies) programme, managed by the National Energy Technology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • E-commerce: the emergence of a field and its knowledge network

    Electronic commerce (e-commerce) describes the manner in which transactions take place over electronic networks, mostly over the internet. It includes the process of supplying, buying and selling goods, services and information electronically. This paper uses bibliometric epistemology to suggest that a number of publications have played catalytic roles in the formation of a knowledge network that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of Pd-coated ceramic electrodes in hybrid sulphur cycle

    The Hybrid Sulphur (HyS) cycle has attracted much attention as a mass production process for hydrogen. It consists of an electrolysis step and a thermal decomposition one. In order to achieve high efficiency for hydrogen production and operational cost reduction, some developments in electrode materials with high corrosion resistance, high electrical conductivity and low anodic potential is a key ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Establishment of a European energy policy think-tank: necessity or luxury?

    A new research agenda and ground breaking approaches should be adopted in order to overcome energy system inertia and pass through the current carbon constrained economy to new prosperous and more sustainable energy development paths. The wide consensus of the energy sector community (business, academic, policy, etc.) is considered a necessity for the success of such a challenging undertake. In ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Certain requirements for fuel blending

    Fuel, as well as all products, has certain requirements: it shouldn’t change the structure during the transporting and storage, to cause a deposit and gumming on engine parts, to intensify corrosion processes, to have the increased toxicity. Operation reliability of any engine, its capacity, durability, toxicity of exhaust in many respects depends on fuel quality. Commodity gasoline ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Certain requirements for fuel blending

    Fuel, as well as all products, has certain requirements: it shouldn’t change the structure during the transporting and storage, to cause a deposit and gumming on engine parts, to intensify corrosion processes, to have the increased toxicity. Operation reliability of any engine, its capacity, durability, toxicity of exhaust in many respects depends on fuel quality. Commodity gasoline ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • A review of Australian institutions for riparian adaptation to climate change

    Australia represents a global proving ground for effective riparian climate change adaptation due to its scale and diversity, extreme variation in runoff and degrees of aridity. An array of autonomous riparian zone (RZ) management adaptations have emerged in Australia that have captivated the international community but have yet to be effectively delivered. This paper reviews government ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of trace organic contaminants by nitrifying activated sludge and whole-cell and crude enzyme extract of Trametes versicolor

    The resistance of certain anthropogenic trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) to conventional wastewater treatment and their potential adverse effects on human and ecological health raise significant concerns and have prompted research on their bioremediation by white-rot fungi. This study compared the removal efficiencies of four widespread TrOCs: carbamazepine (CBZ), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Olive mill effluent depuration by ozonation and Fenton processes enhanced by iron wastes

    The aim of the present work was to compare the potential of iron industry wastes to enhance ozone and hydrogen peroxide action on the degradation of olive mill wastewaters (OMWs). The results attained show a higher efficiency for ozonation using a lower catalyst load. Nevertheless, Fenton's process led to a larger amount of chemical oxidation demand (COD) removed per mole of oxidant applied. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Catalyst-Based Non-Chemical Water Treatment

    Catalyst-Based Device Reduces Calcite Buildup, Requires Minimal Maintenance According to the US Geological Survey, more than 85 percent of the United States has hard water.1 In plumbing, hard water leaves calcite deposits that restrict water flow by occluding pipes. In water heaters, calcite coats heating elements, causing them to overheat and eventually fail. Standard approaches to ...

  • Feasibility of an electrochemically assisted Fenton method using Fe2 +/HOCl system as an advanced oxidation process

    The feasibility of an electrochemically assisted Fenton treatment using a Fenton-type reaction of ferrous iron (Fe2 + ) and hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is discussed in this research. The reactor used was composed of an undivided single cell with a ruthenium dioxide-coated titanium anode and a stainless steel cathode, in which Fe2 +  and HOCl were catalytically regenerated from ferric iron at the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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