catalytic wet air oxidation Articles

  • Catalytic wet oxidation of ferulic acid

    Catalytic Wet Oxidation (CWO) of aqueous ferulic acid (a lignin model compound) was carried out under mild conditions (100?150?C, ~300 kPa PO2). Significant removal of ferulic acid (in terms of Total Organic Carbon (TOC)) (81% at 100?C and 95% at 150?C after 2 hr) was obtained using a CuNiCe/Al2O3 catalyst. A considerable portion of this TOC was removed during the heat-up period prior to oxygen ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Catalytic wet air oxidation of high concentration pharmaceutical wastewater

    In this study, we investigated the pretreatment of a high concentration pharmaceutical wastewater by catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) process. Different experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of the catalyst type, operating temperature, initial system pH, and oxygen partial pressure on the oxidation of the wastewater. Results show that the catalysts prepared by the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Catalytic wet air oxidation with Ni- and Fe-doped mixed oxides derived from hydrotalcites

    Catalytic wet air oxidation of Basic Yellow 11 (BY11), a basic dye, was studied in a batch reactor. Layered double hydroxides with the hydrotalcite-like structure containing nickel or iron cations have been prepared by coprecipitation and subsequently calcined leading to Ni- and Fe-doped mixed oxides, respectively. Compared with the results in the wet air oxidation of BY11, these catalysts showed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of Na2CO3 on the pretreatment of oily sludge using wet air oxidation

    In this study, pretreatment of oily sludge, was carried out by Wet Air Oxidation (WAO) process. Experiments were conducted to see the effects of temperature, the initial COD, residence time, concentration of catalyst and OE (O2 excess) on the oxidation of the oily sludge. The results showed that in the WAO 88.4% Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) was achieved after ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Clearing the air: the use of bio-oxidation for industrial air emissions control

    The wood products industry began rather ardous road to emissions control in the early 1990s with the first installation of a thermal oxidizer (an RTO) at a California MDF facility, for volatile organic compound (VOC) control. During the ensuing years, virtually every panel board facility has had to control emissions of VOCs, and up until the last few years, always with some sort of thermal ...


  • Wet electrostatic precipitators: A preferred technology for emission control

    The basic science behind electrostatic precipitators is as familiar and as simple as static cling. But today, this elemental force has been harnessed to a technology that is helping to remove millions of tons of toxic chemicals from our atmosphere; saving billions of dollars annually in pollution-related physical damage; and averting costly impacts on health and mortality rates for millions of ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • The selective catalytic reduction of NO with propane over Ni loaded on H-USY in the presence of excess oxygen

    The abatement of NO with propane in the presence of excess oxygen has been investigated on several kinds of commercial USY (Ultra Stable Y zeolite) in the Na-form (Na-USY) and H-form (H-USY) or wet impregnated to various extents with Ni ions (Ni/USY) catalysts. Experimental results indicated that Ni/H-USY loaded with 15% Ni showed comparatively better catalytic activity for Selective Catalytic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Unexpected toxicity to aquatic organisms of some aqueous bisphenol A samples treated by advanced oxidation processes

    In this study, photocatalytic and catalytic wet-air oxidation (CWAO) processes were used to examine removal efficiency of bisphenol A from aqueous samples over several titanate nanotube-based catalysts. Unexpected toxicity of bisphenol A (BPA) samples treated by means of the CWAO process to some tested species was determined. In addition, the CWAO effluent was recycled five- or 10-fold in order ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen Oxide Technology gives American Superconductor an economical, environmentally friendly treatment solution

    The installation of Bionomic Industries Inc.'s (Mahwah, NJ) innovative ScrubPac. BIONOxSOLVER" abatement system is enabling American Superconductor Corporation to treat the nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from a calcination process at its new, high temperature superconductor manufacturing facility (Devens, MA), in a cost-effective, environmentally responsible way. Bionomic Industries' ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • Nitrogen Oxide Technology Gives American Superconductor an Economical, Environmentally Friendly Treatment Solution

    Untitled Document The installation of Bionomic Industries Inc.'s (Mahwah, NJ) innovative ScrubPac™ BIONOxSOLVER abatement system is enabling American Superconductor ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • Controlling Pharmaceutical Coating & Drying Process Emissions

    Capturing and destroying harmful emissions from pharmaceutical processes can be challenging. It’s not because the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are difficult to destroy using catalytic or thermal techniques. It’s because their concentrations can be so high. These process streams raise safety concerns, both when they’re collected in vents and when they reach the final ...

  • Case study - ETO sterilizer abatement

    OVERVIEW Product sterilization companies are generally required to utilize a pollution control device for treatment of exhaust gases from their aeration room and sterilization chambers.  In the United States, they need to be in compliance with NESHAP (National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants) regulations that dictate a 99% destruction efficiency of EtO (Ethylene ...

  • Chemical Aspects of NOX Scrubbing

    With the passage of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, many chemical and metal industries and utility producers will now be required to further limit the amount of NOX (Nitrogen Oxides) produced. NOX is a precursor to ozone in the atmosphere, and is believed to be a major contributor to acidic deposition (acid rain). Formation of ozone: NO2 + Hv ...


  • NOx in Non-Utility Industries - Part II - Control options and monitoring methodology

     This the second in a two-part series. Part I, which appeared in our June 2001 issue focuses on air emission origins of nitrogen oxides (NOx) in non-utility industries. Choice of the NOx control technology is dependent on many factors, including regulatory requirements, technical feasibility, cost and public perception. Figure 1, compiled based on publications [1-5], presents a summary of ...


  • Case study - Meat processing odor control

    Overview For its first two years of production, a food manufacturer based in South Wales, England, focused its production on potatoes. Neighborhood residents voiced no complaints about odors during this time period. However, as new production lines (including barbequed meats and curried chicken) were added, the complaints began, and it became clear that odor abatement equipment was needed ...

  • Mercury speciation and distribution in a 660-megawatt utility boiler in Taiwan firing bituminous coals

    Mercury speciation and distribution in a 660-MW tangential-fired utility boiler in Taiwan burning Australian and Chinese bituminous coal blends was investigated. Flue gases were simultaneously sampled at the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) inlet, the SCR outlet, the electrostatic precipitator (ESP) outlet, and the stack. Samplings of coal, lime, bottom ash/slag, fly ash, and gypsum slurry ...

  • Difficult Complex Decisions For Coal-fired Power Plant Operators

    Changing fuel prices, government regulations and technology all combine to make decision making difficult for operators and developers of coal-fired power generation facilities around the world. Power plant designers in developing countries face new local environmental regulations plus additional requirements stipulated by lenders such as the World Bank. In the developed world, the regulations ...


    By The McIlvaine Company

  • The Chemical Aspect of NOx Scrubbing

    With the passage of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, many chemical and metal industries and utility producers will now be required to further limit the amount of NOx (Nitrogen Oxides) produced. NOx is a precursor to ozone in the atmosphere, and is believed to be a major contributor to acidic deposition (acid rain). Formation of ozone: NOx is produced in a variety of ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Advanced WESP designs assure superior gas cleaning performance

    Nowadays, many industries are facing formidable environmental challenges and there is a growing need for effective, economical gas cleaning and air pollution control equipment. Michael Beltran of Beltran Technologies, Inc. reports on a renewed interest in high-efficiency wet electrostatic precipitators (WESPs) and discusses their importance for controlling sulphuric acid mists and other ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • 5th-Generation Thermox WDG Flue Gas Combustion Analyzer

    "For more than 40 years, we have been a leader in combustion gas analysis," says Mike Fuller, divison VP of sales and marketing and business development for Ametek Process Instruments, "and we believe the WDG-V is the combustion analyzer of the future." WDG analyzers are based on a zirconium oxide cell that provides a reliable and cost-effective solution for measuring excess oxygen in flue gas as ...

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