catchment modeling Articles

  • Source Catchments

    Better Future for Catchment Managers Applying a whole-of-catchment approach to water management is now possible thanks to Source Catchments, the first component of eWater’s integrated water modelling suite, eWater Source to be publicly released. A water quality and quantity model, Source Catchments is designed to help natural resource managers and consultants ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Source Catchments - Better Future for Catchment Managers

    Applying a whole-of-catchment approach to water management is now possible thanks to Source Catchments, the first component of eWater’s integrated water modelling suite, eWater Source to be publicly released. A water quality and quantity model, Source Catchments is designed to help natural resource managers and consultants develop targets, prioritise improvement programs and measure ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • History and perspectives of hydrological catchment modelling

    This paper presents a brief historical excursus on the development of hydrological catchment models together with a number of possible future perspectives. Given the wide variety of available hydrological models which, according to the embedded level of prior physical information, vary from the simple input–output lumped models to complex physically meaningful ones, the paper suggests how ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of a catchment water quality model for an East–Australian catchment

    This paper presents the calibration of a catchment water quality model developed for the continuous simulation of stormwater pollutants from a catchment to the catchment outlet. Calibration of the model was performed using the rainfall and water quality data collected for 'Saltwater Creek Catchment' in Gold Coast, Australia. Runoff estimations from the hydrologic model were compared with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Distributed conceptual modelling in a Swedish lowland catchment: a multi-criteria model assessment

    Operational management and prediction of water quantity and quality often requires a spatially meaningful simulation of environmental flows and storages at the catchment scale. In this study, the performance of a fully distributed conceptual hydrologic model was evaluated based on the HBV (Hydrologiska Byråns Vattenbalansavdelning) and TACD (Tracer Aided Catchment model – ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of deterministic distributed hydrological model for large catchment: a case study at Vu Gia Thu Bon catchment, Vietnam

    In order to create a tool to help hydrologists and authorities to have good understanding about occurrences in stream flow regime together with its variation in the future under the impact of climate change in the Vu Gia Thu Bon catchment, a deterministic distributed hydrological model has been developed and constructed. This model covers the major processes in the hydrologic cycle including ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of a distributed catchment model to investigate hydrological impacts of climate change within Poyang Lake catchment (China)

    The extreme cycles of flood and drought in the Poyang Lake catchment (China) place immense pressure on the region's water users and ecosystems. This study examines potential impacts of future climate change in the Poyang Lake catchment using the popular regional climate model, COSMO-CLM, and a distributed hydrological model, WATLAC. Near-future projections (2016–2035) indicate that the mean ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An alternative approach to modelling stormwater runoff from small urban catchments

    The inability of current stormwater quality models to reproduce historical pollutographs accurately and reliably has prompted the need to introduce alternative approaches to simulate stormwater runoff from urban catchments. In view of the increasing popularity of designing urban stormwater systems using the Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) approach, it is also essential to adopt a modelling ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A validation of river routing networks for catchment modelling from small to large scales

    Underpinning all hydrological simulations is an estimate of the catchment area upstream of a point of interest. Locally, the delineation of a catchment and estimation of its area is usually done using fine scale maps and local knowledge, but for large-scale hydrological modelling, particularly continental and global scale modelling, this level of detailed data analysis is not practical. For ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • GIS-based SWMM model for simulating the catchment response to flood events

    The Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) has been an effective tool for simulating floods in urban areas, but has been seldom applied for river systems. In this study, a geographic information system (GIS)-based SWMM model was developed to authenticate the model's viability as a streamflow simulator for modeling floods in the Brahmani river delta. The model was set up using a Shuttle Radar ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Validation of a mesoscale hydrological model in a small-scale forested catchment

    The aim of this study was to examine the abilities of the mesoscale ecohydrological model Soil And Water Integrated Model (SWIM) to simulate discharge, soil moisture, and groundwater dynamics in a small-scale forested catchment. Moreover, the influence of two lateral flow computation techniques on the simulation efficiency was assessed. Generally, the discharges were simulated poorly. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling and optimization of land use/land cover change in a developing urban catchment

    The impacts of land use/cover change (LUCC) on hydrological processes and water resources are mainly reflected in changes in runoff and pollutant variations. Low impact development (LID) technology is utilized as an effective strategy to control urban stormwater runoff and pollution in the urban catchment. In this study, the impact of LUCC on runoff and pollutants in an urbanizing catchment of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Statistical characteristics of rainfall in the Onkaparinga catchment in South Australia

    The main objective of this study was to investigate the statistical characteristics of point rainfall and the novelty of the work was the development of a hybrid probability distribution that can model the full spectrum of daily rainfall in the Onkaparinga catchment in South Australia. Daily rainfall data from 1960 to 2010 at 13 rainfall stations were considered. Spatial dependency among the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improving WetSpa model to predict streamflows for gaged and ungaged catchments

    In the second phase of the Distributed Model Intercomparison Project (DMIP2), the WetSpa model is applied to simulate flows at basin and subbasin scales. Parent basins and their nested subbasins are modeled as gaged and ungaged basins, respectively. Available observations in the subbasins were only used to validate the model predictions. Gaged basins simulation results show that the predictions ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimation of build-up and wash-off models parameters for an east-Australian catchment

    This paper presents calibration of a catchment water quality model for continuous simulation of the water quality parameters from a catchment to the catchment outlet. The model is an integration of two sub-models: the hydrologic model and the water quality model. The hydrologic model estimates the amount of surface water runoff generated from the catchment during the storm event/ events. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of IHACRES rainfall-runoff model to the Wadi Dhuliel arid catchment, Jordan

    With increasing stress on water resources in Jordan, application of rainfall-runoff models can be part of the solution to manage and sustain the water sector. In this paper, the metric conceptual IHACRES model is applied to the Wadi Dhuliel arid catchment, north-east Jordan. Rainfall-runoff data from 19 storm events during 1986 to 1992 have been used in this study. Flood estimation was performed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Uncertainty in hydrological modelling of climate change impacts in four Norwegian catchments

    Projections for the hydrological impacts of climate change are necessarily reliant on a chain of models for which numerous alternative models and approaches are available. Many of these alternatives produce dissimilar results which can undermine their use in practical applications due to these differences. A methodology for developing climate change impact projections and for representing the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling design flood hydrographs in catchments with mixed urban and rural land cover

    The effect of urban land cover on catchment flood response is evaluated using a lumped rainfall–runoff model to analyse flood events from selected UK catchments with mixed urban and rural land use. The present study proposes and evaluates a series of three extensions to an existing model to enable a better representation of urban effects, namely: an increase in runoff volume, reduced ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combining modeling and monitoring to study fecal contamination in a small rural catchment

    The present study sought to identify Escherichia coli sources in a small catchment and to use the agro-hydrological model soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) to estimate their impact on river water quality. The innovative aspects of this research are to assess the hourly variations of fecal contamination and to take these variations into account in the model to provide a better evaluation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated conceptual modelling of faecal contamination in an urban estuary catchment

    Urban stormwater is regarded as a key input of faecal contamination in receiving water bodies and therefore, a major concern for health risks associated with aquatic recreation. Wastewater leakages, cross connections and overflows, together with faeces washed from surfaces during rainfall events, are possible origins of faecal contamination which enter these water bodies through stormwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

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