ceramic membrane Articles

  • Ceramic membranes for water treatment

    Ceramic membranes, different in pore size and membrane material, were applied to remove particulate and dissolved matter from different spent filter backwash water types as well as from dam water. The study was conducted in pilot scale under conditions typical for waterworks at a dam water treatment plant. A comparison of different ceramic membranes implied that total membrane resistance was more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic Membranes in Sludge Thickening Applications

    The Aerobic Digestion group has recently been conducting pilot testing of silicon carbide ceramic membranes manufactured by the Danish company Cembrane A/S.  This promising technology shows a great ability to filter water even in the challenging high solids environment of sludge thickening.  The results of the pilot testing have led the aerobic digestion group to utilize ...

  • Ceramic membranes with higher abrasion resistance

    High flux rates, combined with a very high chemical and thermal resistance and the resulting operational reliability - these are the reasons why users worldwide opt for ceramic membranes. Up to now, the only parameter where ceramic membranes performed well but not excellent was abrasion resistance. Therefore, filtering of abrasive matter required pre-treatment stages such as prefiltration, ...


    By atech innovations gmbh

  • Fabrication of catalytic ceramic membranes for water filtration

    The paper describes the use of the layer-by-layer technique to coat ceramic membranes with iron and manganese oxide nanoparticles. The coatings are thin ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dye wastewater treatment by using ceramic membrane bioreactor

    Performance of a Micro-filtration Membrane Bioreactor (MMBR) for treatment of dye wastewater was investigated. The experimental results indicated that the removal efficiency for COD, TOC and colour was 85%, 85-90% and 70%, respectively, the effluent COD was below 70 mgl−1 on average. Gel layer resistance of COD was 10%. Particle size distribution of sludge in MMBR was 1-150 μm, and the average ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New treatment plant to feature ceramic membranes

    The Parker Water and Sanitation District (PWSD) in Colorado has contracted for a membrane treatment system for its Rueter-Hess water treatment plant project. The new plant will treat water from the Rueter-Hess Reservoir (RHR), which is being built three miles southwest of downtown Parker on Newlin Gulch, which is a tributary drainage of Cherry Creek. The reservoir and associated treatment plan ...


    By PennWell Corporation

  • Evaluation of an emerging water treatment technology: ceramic membranes

    Historically, low-pressure membranes (microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF)) used in potable water treatment are made of polymers (polysulfone (PS), polypropylene (PP), polyethersulfone (PES), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) etc). Recently, membranes made of ceramic materials (aluminium oxide) have been developed by MetaWater (Japan), Kubota (Japan) and others and is being marketed in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methods of Purification by Water Innovations, Inc.

    Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical reduction, and some particulate reduction. ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • The removal of disinfection by-product precursors from water with ceramic membranes

    The main objective of this work was to investigate the effectiveness of ceramic ultrafiltration (UF) membranes with different pore sizes in removing natural organic matter (NOM) from model solutions and drinking water sources. A lab-scale, cross-flow ceramic membrane test unit was used in all experiments. Two different single-channel tubular ceramic membrane modules were tested with average pore ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater with an anaerobic ceramic membrane bioreactor (AnCMBR)

    In this study, a ceramic membrane with a pore size of 80 nm was incorporated into an anaerobic membrane bioreactor for excellent stability and integrity. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies by biodegradation reached 78.6 ± 6.0% with mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) of 12.8 ± 1.2 g/L. Even though the total methane generated was 0.3 ± 0.03 L/g CODutilized, around 67.4% of it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • CeraQTM Ceramic Membranes Provide Robust Solution For Automotive Parts Manufacturing

    Project Background Ceramic membranes are growing in acceptance into the water and wastewater treatment industries due to their ability to operate at higher temperatures and wide chemical compatibility. This characteristic allows the membranes to be operated in high temperature appli- cations, difficult waste streams and applications where harsh cleaning chemicals are ...


    By QUA Group LLC

  • Filtration by Means of Ceramic Membranes - Practical Examples from the Chemical and Food Industries

    Traditionally, ceramic membranes have been used in waste water engineering. Meanwhile, they are applied in all areas where media need to be filtered, such as in recycling processes in the chemical industry, for cell separation in biotechnology or for fruit-juice filtration in the food industry. 1 Introduction Ceramic membranes based on aluminum oxide are an operationally reliable ...


    By atech innovations gmbh

  • Characteristics of ozone decomposition inside ceramic membrane pores as nano-reactors

    The characteristics of ozone decomposition inside the nano-pores of ceramic membranes were identified according to nano-reactor configuration. Three types of ceramic membranes with a pore size of 50 nm were tested with compositions of Al2O3, MnO2/Al2O3 (4%) and CeO2/Al2O3 (4%) respectively. The results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of a ceramic membrane bioreactor (CMBR) to treat wastewater at Guilin University of Technology

    A ceramic membrane bio-reactor (CMBR) process was first used to treat wastewater collected from a campus of Guilin University of Technology (GUT). A CMBR with a submerged flat-sheet ceramic membrane module was designed for a Qmax of 300 m3/d. With a stable flux at about 33 L/m2 h, the transmembrane pressure was maintained at −10 kPa until the end of the experiment. The results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic membrane ultrafiltration of natural surface water with ultrasound enhanced backwashing

    Ultrafiltration membrane cleaning with ultrasound enhanced backwashing was investigated with two ceramic membrane systems in parallel. One of them was subjected to ultrasound during backwashing, the other acted as a reference system. The feed water was directly taken from a creek with a sedimentation process as only pre-treatment. The cleaning performance was improved with ultrasound but after 3 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater treatment using bioreactor with dual functional ceramic membrane

    A novel bioreactor including a group of dual functional ceramic membranes was developed and used for wastewater treatment. The ceramic membranes could be used for both aeration and filtration alternately, so fouling to ceramic membrane would be palliated effectively as its dual functions. For 100 days operation, COD removal ratio was 88∼97% for influent COD of 154∼1389 mg/L, and NH4+-N removal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of operating conditions on ceramic ultrafiltration membrane performance when treating textile effluents

    This work studies the performance of three commercial ceramic ultrafiltration membranes (ZrO2–TiO2) treating raw effluent from a textile industry. The effect of crossflow velocity at 3, 4 and 5 m s−1 as well as membrane characteristics, such as molecular weight cut-off (30, 50 and 150 kDa), on process performance were studied. Experiments were carried out in concentration mode in order to observe ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparative study on treatment of kitchen-sink wastewater using single and multichannel ceramic membrane

    A comparative study was conducted to explore the potential of ceramic microfiltration membrane alone and in combination with different physicochemical treatments, viz. biotreatment and adsorption using kitchen-sink wastewater. Cross-flow microfiltration (CMF) studies were carried out with tubular ceramic membrane in single channel and multichannel configuration. Biotreatment was studied using ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of chromium from synthetic wastewater using MFI zeolite membrane supported on inexpensive tubular ceramic substrate

    A mordenite framework inverted (MFI) type zeolite membrane was produced on inexpensive tubular ceramic substrate through hydrothermal synthesis and applied for the removal of chromium from synthetic wastewater. The fabricated ceramic substrate and membrane was characterized by diverse standard techniques such as X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscope, porosity, water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integration of ceramic membrane and compressed air-assisted solvent extraction (CASX) for metal recovery

    In our previous publications, compressed air-assisted solvent extraction process (CASX) was developed and proved to be kinetically efficient process for metal removal. In the current study, CASX with a ceramic MF membrane integrated for separation of spent solvent was employed to remove and recover metal from wastewater. MF was operated either in crossflow mode or dead-end with intermittent ...


    By IWA Publishing

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