ceramic membrane filtration Articles

  • Fabrication of catalytic ceramic membranes for water filtration

    The paper describes the use of the layer-by-layer technique to coat ceramic membranes with iron and manganese oxide nanoparticles. The coatings are thin ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic membranes for water treatment

    Ceramic membranes, different in pore size and membrane material, were applied to remove particulate and dissolved matter from different spent filter backwash water types as well as from dam water. The study was conducted in pilot scale under conditions typical for waterworks at a dam water treatment plant. A comparison of different ceramic membranes implied that total membrane resistance was more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic membranes with higher abrasion resistance

    High flux rates, combined with a very high chemical and thermal resistance and the resulting operational reliability - these are the reasons why users worldwide opt for ceramic membranes. Up to now, the only parameter where ceramic membranes performed well but not excellent was abrasion resistance. Therefore, filtering of abrasive matter required pre-treatment stages such as prefiltration, ...


    By atech innovations gmbh

  • Filtration by Means of Ceramic Membranes - Practical Examples from the Chemical and Food Industries

    Traditionally, ceramic membranes have been used in waste water engineering. Meanwhile, they are applied in all areas where media need to be filtered, such as in recycling processes in the chemical industry, for cell separation in biotechnology or for fruit-juice filtration in the food industry. 1 Introduction Ceramic membranes based on aluminum oxide are an operationally reliable ...


    By atech innovations gmbh

  • Dye wastewater treatment by using ceramic membrane bioreactor

    Performance of a Micro-filtration Membrane Bioreactor (MMBR) for treatment of dye wastewater was investigated. The experimental results indicated that the removal efficiency for COD, TOC and colour was 85%, 85-90% and 70%, respectively, the effluent COD was below 70 mgl−1 on average. Gel layer resistance of COD was 10%. Particle size distribution of sludge in MMBR was 1-150 μm, and the average ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of an emerging water treatment technology: ceramic membranes

    Historically, low-pressure membranes (microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF)) used in potable water treatment are made of polymers (polysulfone (PS), polypropylene (PP), polyethersulfone (PES), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) etc). Recently, membranes made of ceramic materials (aluminium oxide) have been developed by MetaWater (Japan), Kubota (Japan) and others and is being marketed in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater treatment using bioreactor with dual functional ceramic membrane

    A novel bioreactor including a group of dual functional ceramic membranes was developed and used for wastewater treatment. The ceramic membranes could be used for both aeration and filtration alternately, so fouling to ceramic membrane would be palliated effectively as its dual functions. For 100 days operation, COD removal ratio was 88∼97% for influent COD of 154∼1389 mg/L, and NH4+-N removal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ceramic membrane ultrafiltration of natural surface water with ultrasound enhanced backwashing

    Ultrafiltration membrane cleaning with ultrasound enhanced backwashing was investigated with two ceramic membrane systems in parallel. One of them was subjected to ultrasound during backwashing, the other acted as a reference system. The feed water was directly taken from a creek with a sedimentation process as only pre-treatment. The cleaning performance was improved with ultrasound but after 3 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modification of tubular ceramic membranes with carbon nanotubes using catalytic chemical vapor deposition

    In this study, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were successfully grown on tubular ceramic membranes using the catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) method. CNTs were synthesized at 650°C for 3–6 h under a 120 mL min−1 flow of C2H6 on ceramic membranes impregnated with iron salt. The synthesis procedure was beforehand optimized in terms of catalyst amount, impregnation duration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integration of ceramic membrane and compressed air-assisted solvent extraction (CASX) for metal recovery

    In our previous publications, compressed air-assisted solvent extraction process (CASX) was developed and proved to be kinetically efficient process for metal removal. In the current study, CASX with a ceramic MF membrane integrated for separation of spent solvent was employed to remove and recover metal from wastewater. MF was operated either in crossflow mode or dead-end with intermittent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mullite ceramic membranes for industrial oily wastewater treatment: experimental and neural network modeling

    In this paper, results of an experimental and modeling of separation of oil from industrial oily wastewaters (desalter unit effluent of Seraje, Ghom gas wells, Iran) with mullite ceramic membranes are presented. Mullite microfiltration symmetric membranes were synthesized from kaolin clay and α-alumina powder. The results show that the mullite ceramic membrane has a high total organic carbon and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of optional process configurations and operating conditions for ceramic membrane MF coupled with coagulation/flocculation pre-treatment for the removal of NOM in drinking water production

    The increase of Natural Organic Matter (NOM) in natural water sources, partly caused by progressing climate change issues, is a growing concern for drinking water production. In recent years, membrane technology like Reverse Osmosis (RO) or Nanofiltration (NF) has been successfully applied as a robust solution for NOM removal to produce potable water. However, coagulation/flocculation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Picking Their Membranes - Part I -

    Membrane use by water suppliers may not be new, but suppliers are considering membranes in new ways -- by number and variety of applications. Membranes can work on a wider range of resource waters, more efficiently and for less cost than before. Among membranes' attractions as substitutes for conventional water-treatment technologies, such as filtration, distillation and ion-exchange are: ...


  • Removal of DOM and THM formation potential of tropical surface water by ceramic microfiltration

    Dissolved organic matter (DOM) and trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) removal by ceramic microfiltration (CMF) under different operating conditions was investigated and compared with the performance of a conventional water treatment plant at Bangkhen, Thailand. The tropical surface raw water for all the experiments was taken from Chaophraya River, Bangkok, Thailand. CMF studies were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water reclamation with hybrid coagulation–ceramic microfiltration: first part of a long-term pilot study in Portugal

    Sustainable water management must nowadays consider alternative water sources and the use of reclaimed water is a good candidate. Low-pressure ceramic membrane filtration is an emerging option for safe water reclamation given its high mechanical and chemical robustness with safety and operational advantages. One-year pilot studies of hybrid coagulation–ceramic filtration were developed in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • City Water International explains The Basics of Water Filtration

    The Basics of Water Filtration Most of us know that filtered water is healthier than tap water because of its purity, but how does water filtration work? The basic principle is that filtered water has passed through a filter which removes contaminants through one of several methods, depending on the type of filter. Most water purification systems work in one of three ways ­ by running water ...


    By City Water International

  • VSEP recycles used motor oil at 90°C providing a filtrate suitable for use as marine grade diesel fuel or lube oil feedstock

    A unique membrane filtration system was installed in July 2001 at a major waste oil re-refining operation in Portland, Oregan. The system manufactured by New Logic Research, Inc. of Emeryville, California near San Francisco, is being used to process used crankcase waste oil and produce filtrate that can be sold as a higher value bunker oil. The V��SEP, (Vibratory Shear Enhanced ...


    By New Logic Research, Inc.

  • Clarification of rough beer in brewery industry case study

    Standard filtration uses diatomaceous earth (Kieselguhr) into filter-press and consists in the retention of solid particles (yeast cells, macrocolloids, suspended matter) and solutes responsible for haze. After use the disposal of Kieselguhr (after filtration) are a major difficulty due to their polluting effect. From the health perspective, the used diatomaceous earth is classified as ...


    By RVF-Filtration

  • From Pilot Studies to Full Scale Plant

    Natural gas is widely used as a primary energy source and is one of the most efficient fuel source. For this reason, more and more gas is utilized exceeding existent production facilities. Oil and gas companies therefore expand there measures and step behind borders finding and exploit new resources. One area of major interest is the Barents Sea, a remote area far from industry and civilisation. ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • Nano this and Nano that?

    Several terms, each with the prefix “nano-”, are now in use in the fields of filtration and its related separation processes, and it is important to be able to differentiate among their nuances of meaning. Firstly, there is nanometer itself, from which the others derive, and which is precise, measuring one thousandth of a micrometer or one millionth of a millimeter. It is thus a very ...

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