ceramic water filter Articles

  • Ceramic membranes for water treatment

    Ceramic membranes, different in pore size and membrane material, were applied to remove particulate and dissolved matter from different spent filter backwash water types as well as from dam water. The study was conducted in pilot scale under conditions typical for waterworks at a dam water treatment plant. A comparison of different ceramic membranes implied that total membrane resistance was more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the quality, effectiveness, and acceptability of ceramic water filters in Tanzania

    Globally, approximately two billion people drink contaminated water. Use of household water treatment (HWT) methods, such as locally manufactured ceramic filters, reduces the diarrheal disease burden associated with unclean water. We evaluated the quality, effectiveness, and acceptability of ceramic filters in two communities in Arusha, Tanzania, by conducting: 1) baseline household surveys ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microbial and chemical assessment of ceramic and BioSand water filters in rural Cambodia

    Unless significant advances are made in the water and sanitation sector, it is unlikely that Cambodia will meet the United Nations Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target #7 for water and sanitation. Point-of-use technologies (POU), also termed “household water treatment technologies”, have been identified as successful options for providing safe water to rural households. Ceramic water filters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Virus removal efficiency of ceramic water filters: effects of bentonite turbidity

    Ceramic water filters (CWFs) are utilized in many developing countries as point-of-use (POU) water treatment devices, to reduce waterborne pathogens in potable water. Virus removal efficiencies of several CWFs are investigated under various influent conditions using MS2 (ATCC: 15597-B1) as a surrogate phage for human enteric viruses. The addition of bentonite turbidity (6–8 NTU) in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effects of input materials on ceramic water filter efficacy for household drinking water treatment

    Locally manufactured ceramic filters can improve drinking water quality and reduce diarrheal disease burden in developing countries; however, production methods and quality control protocols vary at the >50 factories. We manufactured filter disks with varied clay, burn-out material, burn-out material sieved with different mesh sizes, and burn-out material to clay ratios and calculated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Field investigation of arsenic in ceramic pot filter-treated drinking water

    Ceramic pot filters (CPFs) is one of several household water treatment technologies that is used to treat drinking water in developing areas. The filters have the advantage of being able to be manufactured using primarily locally available materials and local labor. However, naturallyoccurring arsenic present in the clay used to make the filters has the potential to contaminate the water in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic pot filters lifetime study in coastal Guatemala

    Ceramic pot filters (CPFs) are an effective means of household water treatment, but the characterization of CPF lifetimes is ongoing. This paper describes a lifetime field study in Guatemala which was made possible by a collaboration between researchers, CPF-using households, and local non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Disinfection data were collected periodically for two years using ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Virus removal efficiency of Cambodian ceramic pot water purifiers

    Virus removal efficiency is described for three types of silver-impregnated, ceramic water filters (CWFs) produced in Cambodia. The tests were completed using freshly scrubbed filters and de-ionized (DI) water as an evaluation of the removal efficiency of the virus in isolation with no other interacting water quality variables. Removal efficiencies between 0.21 and 0.45 log are evidenced, which ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of an emerging water treatment technology: ceramic membranes

    Historically, low-pressure membranes (microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF)) used in potable water treatment are made of polymers (polysulfone (PS), polypropylene (PP), polyethersulfone (PES), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) etc). Recently, membranes made of ceramic materials (aluminium oxide) have been developed by MetaWater (Japan), Kubota (Japan) and others and is being marketed in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An optical method for characterizing carbon content in ceramic pot filters

    Ceramic pot filter (CPF) technology is a relatively common means of household water treatment in developing areas, and performance characteristics of CPFs have been characterized using production CPFs, experimental CPFs fabricated in research laboratories, and ceramic disks intended to be CPF surrogates. There is evidence that CPF manufacturers do not always fire their products according to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of point-of-use water disinfection technology using ceramic water filter and electrochemical hybrid system

    The efficiency of water disinfection using a ceramic water filter and electrochemical hybrid system was investigated. Escherichia coli O157:H7 was effectively inactivated even when a storage battery, charged using a solar panel device, was used for the electrolysis process. During electrolysis, the rate of microbial inactivation was higher at higher initial Cl− ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effectiveness of silver and copper infused ceramic drinking water filters in reducing microbiological contaminants

    A series of bench-scale experiments were conducted on ceramic filters with various amounts of silver and/or copper nanoparticles fired-in during the manufacturing process. The experiments were designed to determine the efficacy of the filters on the removal of pathogens from drinking water. Escherichia coli and MS2 were employed as non-pathogenic surrogates for pathogenic organisms. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Critical parameters in the production of ceramic pot filters for household water treatment in developing countries

    The need to improve the access to safe water is generally recognized for the benefit of public health in developing countries. This study's objective was to identify critical parameters which are essential for improving the performance of ceramic pot filters (CPFs) as a point-of-use water treatment system. Defining critical production parameters was also relevant to confirm that CPFs with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bacteria removal effectiveness of ceramic pot filters not applied with colloidal silver

    In many developing countries such as Guatemala, access to safe drinking water is very limited. Many sources of water that are available are contaminated with bacteria, particularly Escherichia coli and other coliform bacteria. In order to provide a means of obtaining safe drinking water in developing countries, various methods of treating water at the household level have been developed and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic Membranes in Sludge Thickening Applications

    The Aerobic Digestion group has recently been conducting pilot testing of silicon carbide ceramic membranes manufactured by the Danish company Cembrane A/S.  This promising technology shows a great ability to filter water even in the challenging high solids environment of sludge thickening.  The results of the pilot testing have led the aerobic digestion group to utilize ...

  • Efficacy of a ceramic siphon household water filter for removal of pathogenic microorganisms: lifespan volume test

    Treatment of drinking water at the point of use (POU) has demonstrated health benefits for people who have access only to microbially contaminated drinking water. In this work, the ceramic siphon POU water filter was evaluated for its ability to reduce indicator microorganisms in test waters. During batch challenge tests, the filter reduced Escherichia coli in filtered water by 7 log10 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the impact of water parameters on the flow rate of ceramic pot filters in a long-term experiment

    Poor water quality is a major contributing factor to disease in developing countries. Silver-coated ceramic pot filters (CPFs) are a relatively common form of household water treatment system (HWTS) representing an effective and sustainable technology for poor communities. Water production seems to be the major limiting factor of the CPF's lifetime and sustainability since low flow rates do ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of a membrane drinking water filter in an emergency setting

    The performance and acceptability of the NeroxTM membrane drinking water filter were evaluated among an internally displaced population in Pakistan. The membrane filter and a control ceramic candle filter were distributed to over 3,000 households. Following a 6-month period, 230 households were visited and filter performance and use were assessed. Only 6% of the visited households still ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • City Water International explains The Basics of Water Filtration

    The Basics of Water Filtration Most of us know that filtered water is healthier than tap water because of its purity, but how does water filtration work? The basic principle is that filtered water has passed through a filter which removes contaminants through one of several methods, depending on the type of filter. Most water purification systems work in one of three ways ­ by running water ...


    By City Water International

  • Manufacture of a low-cost ceramic microporous filter for the elimination of microorganisms causing common diseases

    Africa is one of the most water-scarce continents on earth and the lack of potable water is responsible for the death of approximately 4,900 children every day. An effective way of making sure that water is of good quality is by decontaminating it by means of a household ceramic water filter. The low-cost water filters suitable for the removal of suspended solids, pathogenic bacteria and other ...


    By IWA Publishing

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