certified emissions reduction Articles

  • Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from sewage sludge aerobic compost in China

    Sewage sludge is an important contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the carbon budget of organic solid waste treatment and disposal. In this case study, total GHG emissions from an auto-control sludge compost system, including direct and indirect emissions and replaceable reduction due to sludge compost being reused as fertilizer, were quantified. The results indicated that no ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • DCWASA’s certifiable, utility-wide GHG inventory

    ABSTRACT In response to increased emphasis on sustainability and the reduction of carbon/greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, The District of Columbia Water and Sewer Authority (DCWASA) and its program managers have developed comparisons of options intended to lower the AWTP’s GHG inventory (also called “carbon footprint”). These comparisons have used different assumptions as tothe carbon density of ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Calculation of energy recovery and greenhouse gas emission reduction from palm oil mill effluent treatment by an anaerobic granular-sludge process

    Conventional aerobic and low-rate anaerobic processes such as pond and open-tank systems have been widely used in wastewater treatment. In order to improve treatment efficacy and to avoid greenhouse gas emissions, conventional treatment can be upgraded to a high performance anaerobic granular-sludge system. The anaerobic granular-sludge systems are designed to capture the biogas produced, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Emissions Trading - Ontario sets out emissions trading plans

    Canadian province of Ontario has issued a discussion paper proposing a hybrid emissions trading scheme covering nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide. Elisabeth DeMarco examines the plans for a scheme that could form the basis for a wider emissions trading system. Ontario sets out emissions trading plans In late March, the Ontario Ministry of the Environment (MoE) released a policy option paper, ...


  • Mandatory emissions reporting proposed in US

    As we move more and more towards an increasingly eco-conscious and environmentally friendly society, progressively steps are being taken by governments, officials and regulatory bodies to help facilitate this transition at a national level both efficiently and effectively. One such area that has received particular attention is the industrial sector; this is ultimately due to the amounts of ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • Minimizing Refrigerant Emissions in HVAC Systems

    Managing the operation and maintenance of a facility's air conditioning equipment has always been a major responsibility, as chillers often represent the single largest electrical load in a facility. Since the annual cost of operating chillers is a major ...


    By IHS

  • First Pfizer Plant worldwide certified to ISO 50001 standard - achieved with Enerit Software case study

    Pfizer’s Loughbeg site became the first Pfizer pharmaceutical plant worldwide to achieve the ISO 50001 standard in late 2011. The pharmaceutical company has long been recognized as one of the industry leaders in energy management. Pfizer’s global “Energy and Climate Change Program” (ECC) ...


    By Enerit Ltd

  • Soil Sampling Protocol to Certify the Changes of Organic Carbon Stock in Mineral Soils of European Union - Version 2

    The study of the soil has always represented a challenge for the scientific community. Soil forms a continuum in space, so that classification is often difficult. Soil has a vertical dimension (depth), but many characteristics are not being visible from the surface. Its properties vary very slowly over time, so that changes are difficult to detect. The study of soil heavily depends on the ...


  • Carbon emission trading in India and Sri Lanka

    Kyoto Protocol has established three trading mechanisms, namely International Emission Trading (IET), Joint Implementation (JI) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) which enable industrialised countries to achieve carbon emission reduction targets as economically as possible. Out of these three mechanisms, CDM is the most important mechanism for the developing countries. CDM allows the carbon ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • California`s Achievements in Mobile Source Emissions Control

    Untitled Document Since its formation in 1967, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) has successfully launched numerous emissions reduction programs in the state. These ...

  • Offsets in the international emissions market: Do buyers get what they pay for?

    This paper analyses buyer preferences in the context of the market for emissions trading under the UNFCCC. The purpose of this paper is to investigate pricing of offsets (Certified Emissions Reductions or “CERs” under the UNFCCC) (through an empirical survey of two segments of the authorized CER buyer market) to understand the relationship between buyer preferences for CER carbon offsets in the ...

  • The Kyoto Protocol: Understanding what it means to enterprise carbon emissions management

    The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement that was created out of the non-binding United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The UNFCCC is an international treaty that was created to encourage participating countries to stabilize the level of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the earth's atmosphere. It was created out of the UN “Earth Summit” in Rio De Jeneiro in 1992. As the ...


    By Verisae

  • The US and The Kyoto Protocol: A possible hybrid approach carbon emissions mitigation

    Stepping Into The 21st Century With Mandatory Greenhouse Gas (GHG) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions Reporting In The United StatesOne hundred and eighty one nations have signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol. Several countries including Afghanistan which the United States is of course working with closely as they try and form a stable democracy have yet to take a formal position on the Kyoto ...


    By Verisae

  • The potential of GHG emission savings for programmatic CDM by municipal solid waste composting in the Western Province - Sri Lanka

    The Western Province (WP) of Sri Lanka, as the most populated province in the country is burdened with a high level of municipal solid waste generation. Out of the 48 administrative local authorities within the WP, only 16 local authorities are practicing municipal solid waste composting. All other local authorities are practicing the most common method of MSW disposal; open dumping. The study ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • East River Housing Corporation (ERH)

    New York, NY Keywords: Title V Permit, reporting, operational flexibility, credits CCES prepares ERH’s Title V Permit-required annual, semi-annual, and quarterly reports, providing reliable service and freeing their staff for other duties. In addition, Marc Karell reviewed their Permit and recommended modifications that resulted in greater operational flexibility and in ...


  • Improving the clean development mechanism with sustainability-rating and rewarding system

    As the world contemplates a post-Kyoto Protocol climate change policy architecture, some key observations of the clean development mechanism (CDM) remind us that climate change policies should be linked more closely to the promotion of sustainability. A sustainability-rated CDM (SR-CDM) is proposed in this paper; it applies the gold standard as a way of assessing the sustainability value of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • UK companies help to divert waste from landfill in the Middle East

    The Middle East is a thriving area and, as a major producer of the world’s oil and gas supplies, is also rich in natural resources. The exploitation of these resources, together with the increase in associated industries, carries with it significant environmental challenges.  The need for appropriate environmental management is becoming increasingly important and environmental regulations in many ...


  • Utilisation of sugarcane agricultural residues: electricity production and climate mitigation

    This paper deals with the potentials and opportunities of Sugarcane Agricultural Residues (SARs) for green power production in sugarcane-growing countries. It focuses on the possibilities of cofiring SARs with sugarcane bagasse, a similar physicochemical resource which is currently being commercially converted into electricity in state-of-the-art cogeneration plants. It also assesses the climate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Frontiers in trade: the clean development mechanism and the general agreement on trade in services

    By authorising investment, technology transfer, project development and emissions trading between developed and developing countries, the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) will present new opportunities for international trade. Projects hosted in developing countries will result in "Certified Emissions Reductions" (CERs), which may be used to assist developed countries ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate change drives wind turbines in China: case study of market based wind power development

    This paper aims at quantifying the impact of government policy and clean development mechanism (CDM) on wind power development in China. Firstly we review the background of Chinese wind power development and policy, as well as literature of climate change and CDM. We then present methodology, scenarios and data of a case study for the development of a large-scale grid-connected wind farm. We ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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