chamber-flux monitoring Articles

  • Continuous monitoring of moisture present inside a process chamber

    Problem Statement Moisture inside a process chamber is a big silent killer during wafer production. When production yield goes down, it is hard to pinpoint the source of the problem. Most of the time wafers need to be sent to labs for analysis, while production is stopped. If the problem is related to a high level of moisture inside the reactor, there are several factors that can cause ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • A Calibration Chamber for Cohesive Soils

    The paper describes the design and performance of a calibration chamber system for testing in-situ test devices in cohesive soils. Techniques for preparing “undisturbed” clay specimens from a slurry and consolidating them under zero lateral strain K0 conditions are presented. The chamber was used for strain controlled model pressurementer tests during which pore pressure was monitored. Duplicate ...


    By ASTM International

  • Software-based Neutron Flux Measurement Channel (NFMC)

    For research nuclear reactors such as the TRIGA type, the design of Neutron Flux Measurement Channels (NFMC) has been based, mainly, on discrete digital electronic technology. The work presented here consists of the development of a new version of an NFMC whose aim is to measure the reactor power through six decades using the correlated signal of a wide range fission chamber. The correlation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radiation Monitors and Meters

    Light Description and Applications The light meter is a portable unit designed to measure visible, UV, and near-UV light in the workplace. (The CTC has a UV light meter available through its loan program, ALEP.) The light meter is capable of reading any optical unit of energy or power level if the appropriate detector has been calibrated with the meter. The spectral range of the instrument is ...

  • Advanced monitoring method for air environment

    The Ogawa Passive Sampler is one of the only known methods of passive simultaneous monitoring of more than two components in the air. The first advantage of Ogawa Sampler is to have two chambers with the same configuration where one can place two different kinds of collection filter pads. In the case of simultaneous collection of NO and NO2, The  O2 collection filter foated with triethanolamine ...


    By Ogawa & Company, USA, Inc.

  • Real-Time Membrane Fouling Monitoring

    The Port Hueneme Water Agency (PHWA) has been operating a municipal drinking water treatment plant designed to be a Brackish Water Reclamation Demonstration Facility. The facility consists of 3 separate side-by-side full scale systems or trains, each representing a major membrane separation process: nanofiltration (NF), reverse osmosis (RO) and electro dialysis reversal (EDR). Both the NF and RO ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Pushing the limits: optimizing membrane plants via correlating fouling with critical flux

    Abstract The concept of establishing direct correlations between the operating flux, represented by the conversion, and fouling potential of membrane systems has always been of tremendous interest to membrane technology researchers, plant end-users and membrane manufacturers since the advent of membrane technology’s commercial applications worldwide some forty years ago. Several ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Flux-step method for the assessment of operational conditions in a submerged membrane bioreactor

    A flux-step method was used for monitoring the pressure variation in a solids separation membrane at different operating conditions. A submerged membrane bioreactor pilot plant, used during the short-term tests, was used to purify actual restaurant wastewater. The influence of membrane backwash and relaxation on the variation of pressure variation was also evaluated. In order to reduce the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring greenhouse gases from biofuel crops

    Global issues such as climate change and energy security have driven rapid growth in renewable energy production - wind, solar, tidal, geothermal, hydro, biofuels etc. However, logically, each of these methods should deliver a net benefit in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, so researchers in the United States have employed portable FTIR analysers to study the GHG emissions of biomass ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Monitoring greenhouse gas emissions from hydroelectric reservoirs in northern Quebec, Canada

    Surface waters of natural freshwater bodies are capable of releasing far more carbon into the atmosphere than they absorb (Cole et al. 1994). Artificial reservoirs are also known to have environmental impacts which include greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Rosenberg et al. 1997, Fearnside et al. 2004, Tremblay et al. 2005). Therefore the inclusion of hydroelectric facilities as part of an overall ...


    By PP Systems

  • The smart solution to membrane fouling detection, monitoring and management

    Since the advent of membrane technology applications for large-scale commercial seawater desalination in the early Eighties, two critical issues in the application of the technology have emerged and persisted that drastically affected the way plant owners and operators managed these vital water production utilities, and subsequently impacted the total cost of water. The issues are the ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Solution for the processing of TV and PC monitors - Case Study

    Bundles of power The disposal specialist L + N Recycling in Bubesheim had been trying to resolve a longstanding conflicting challenge: TV and PC monitor plastics should be compacted as tightly as possible for transportation, however, at the same time should remain in pieces that were large enough to be sorted later. The Bubesheim company found the solution in the HSM baling press. ...


    By HSM GmbH + Co. KG

  • Recycled CRT Panel Glass as an Energy Reducing Fluxing Body Additiive in Heavy Clay Construction Products. GLA35-005

    The use of recycled glass as a heavy clay product fluxing body additive is not a new concept. CERAM Building Technology (CBT) have recently completed a major WRAP funded brick industry project (WRAP project GLA2-018) investigating the energy saving and emissions reducing benefits of using powdered recycled container glass for just such purposes. In addition CBT have undertaken smaller ...

  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements -- Addressing Spatial Variability: Determining the Number of Readings Required

    Soils can be highly variable in terms of CO2 flux values. Even at a seemingly uniform site, the soil CO2 flux might range from 2 μmol/m2/s at one location to over 4 mol/m2/s just a few meters away. To obtain reliable site mean flux values, it is important to determine how many readings might be required so that time and resources can be properly allocated before starting an investigation. In ...


    By LI-COR

  • Monitoring mixing dynamics in Toolik Lake, Alaska

    Toolik Lake is 130 miles south of Prudhoe Bay in northern Alaska. It is one of the main monitoring sites of the Arctic Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) project and a site for studies led by Sally MacIntyre of the University of California investigating the linkages between hydrodynamics and ecosystem function. Both studies are funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation. It is classified as ...

  • Passive samplers for air quality monitoring in a Brazilian university

    The aim of this paper was to evaluate the applicability of passive samplers for the monitoring and diagnosis of air pollution at Passo Fundo University, focusing on atmospheric pollutants NO 2 and O 3 . The samplers were built in accordance with already verified methodologies and were placed in several locations in the university campus, namely: energy generator, pool heating boiler, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring the performance of moisture purifiers for process gases

    Problem Statement Moisture purifiers are a big aid in keeping moisture levels under control inside a process chamber. They are provided by manufacturers with certain life expectancies, which vary depending on the moisture content of the gas being purified. As a result, it is difficult to determine which gases have a high moisture content and which moisture purifier is becoming ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Differential Pressure and Temperature Monitoring in a Hospital Cleanroom

    Accsense A1-01a Wireless Environmental Data Loggers CHESTERLAND OH—April 9, 2012 CAS DataLoggers recently provided the wireless pressure and temperature monitoring solution for a hospital maintaining a surgery cleanroom to protect patients from a variety of environmental contaminants. Staff entered and exited through airlocks and were required to wear cleanroom suits before entering. Air ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • Gas Monitoring for Ventilation Control and Energy Management

    The growing demand for underground and enclosed parking and maintenance garages (resulting from limitations on land availability) has increased the awareness and need for proper ventilation and control systems. In addition, increased health and safety programs have only added to the concerns of toxic and combustible gases in confined or enclosed spaces. Historically, ventilation and make-up air ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Diurnal fluctuation of zinc concentration in metal polluted rivers and its potential impact on water quality and flux estimates

    Diurnal fluctuations of metals have been observed in the South Tyne river catchment, UK, in both upland tributaries and major river reaches. Zinc exhibits the most pronounced cyclicity, with concentrations increasing during the night to a maximum near 05:00 before decreasing during the day. This trend is the inverse of pH and temperature observations, which are thought to be the predominant ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you