channel gate Articles

  • A study of the electrical characteristics of nanoscale Si/strained SiGe pMOSFET

    We have studied the electrical characteristics of the nanoscale Si/strained SiGe P channel MOSFET. The heterostructure employed in this structure induces compressive strain in the SiGe layer and causes hole confinement in the SiGe channel away from the SiO2/Si interface. As a result hole mobility improves. As two inversion layers are formed in this device two characteristic threshold voltages are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Investigation of discrete dopant induced variability in silicon nanowire MOSFETs using 3D simulation

    Impact of discrete doping in n–type gate–all–around silicon nanowire transistors is studied using 3D numerical simulation with quantum mechanical effect accounted for. We investigate the devices in the sub–22 nm technology node based on an assumption of sphere dopants with 1 nm diameter. Comprehensive study of equal random dopant probability in the channel is first reported. Our results show that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Investigation of the random dopant fluctuations in 20–nm bulk MOSFETs and silicon–on–insulator FinFETs by ion implantation Monte Carlo simulation

    In this paper, we proposed a simulation approach for studying the random dopant fluctuation (RDF) effects in the nanoscale MOSFETs using only the TCAD tools. We use this approach to simulate the RDF effects in the 20–nm gate–length bulk MOSFETs, silicon–on–insulator (SOI) single–gate (SG) and triple–gate (TG) FinFETs for demonstration. This approach utilises the stochastic nature of the Monte ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Boundary feedback control of an open canal with arbitrary cross sections

    This paper deals with the boundary feedback control of an open channel with arbitrary cross sections, which is modelled by the nonlinear Saint-Venant equations. The characteristic form of the Saint-Venant initial-boundary value problem is established in terms of Riemann invariants. In order to develop the boundary feedback control laws for a canal with arbitrary cross sections, the simplest ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of stress induced by stressors on hot carrier reliability of strained nMOSFETs

    In this study, the nMOSFETs with contact–etch–stop–layer (CESL) stressor and SiGe channel have been fabricated with a modified 90 nm technology. The performance of nMOSFETs has been measured. And the hot carrier reliability of the SiGe–channeled nMOSFETs with various CESL nitride layers has also been extensively studied. In addition, the impact of stress induced by CESL stressor and SiGe–channel ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The use of CFD modelling to optimise measurement of overflow rates in a downstream-controlled dual-overflow structure

    The measurement of the flow through complex combined sewer overflow structures in the frame of automated monitoring remains difficult. In this paper, a methodology based on the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling in order to improve the instrumentation of a downstream-controlled dual-overflow structure is presented. The dual-overflow structure is composed of two combined sewer ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calibration of the 1D shallow water equations: a comparison of Monte Carlo and gradient-based optimization methods

    The calibration of parameters in complex systems usually requires a large computational effort. Moreover, it becomes harder to perform the calibration when non-linear systems underlie the physical process, and the direction to follow in order to optimize an objective function changes depending on the situation. In the context of shallow water equations (SWE), the calibration of parameters, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Senix Water Level Sensors Drive Irrigation Automation Project

    Australia’s Water Crisis Irrigation management is serious business in Australia especially within the Murray-Darling Basin, a 1,000,000 square kilometer watershed that is home to Australia’s most productive agricultural land. The basin’s 23 rivers have ...


    By Senix Corporation

  • A real-time, rapid emergency control model for sudden water pollution accidents in long-distance water transfer projects

    A real-time, rapid emergency control (EC) model is proposed to cope with sudden water pollution accidents in long-distance water transfer projects. The EC model outputs the method of EC based on pollutant properties. A generalized form of EC model is proposed and tested with a demonstrative project. The rapid prediction formulas of emergency control parameters (ECPs) are proposed under ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seismic study at the Pacific and Atlantic locks of the panama canal case study

    Panama Canal Zone Grupo Unidos Por el Canal (GUPC) was tasked with characterizing subsurface conditions within the Third Set of Locks Project for the Panama Canal. In support of their characterization efforts, GUPC requested that seismic geophysical data be acquired at four locations within the project area.  These locations include portions of the: Miraflores ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Transition mode of long distance water delivery project before freezing in winter

    In order to automatically and safely control long distance water delivery projects in winter, there is a need for a reasonable and feasible transition mode to avoid the emergence of ice jam. Based on open canal hydraulics, a mathematical model of canal system operated by constant downstream depth method is developed. The principle of combining feed-forward control of discharges with feedback ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effective monitoring improves sewage flow management case study

    SmartScan 50 introduces an effective solution for flow measurement of sewage water in one of Poland's municipal waste water treatment plant. The city of Zblewo, Poland provides waste water treatment services to its inhabitants. The plant sought an ultrasonic measurement solution for monitoring the raw sewage flow during the treatment process. The problems When entering the ...

  • Sedimentation: An operational problem of Mithrao Canal

    Mithrao Canal off-takes from Nara Canal, which off-takes from the left bank of Sukkur Barrage. The participation irrigation management was introduced in Sindh Province with the establishment of Nara Canal Area Water Board in 1999. Mithrao Canal Division is divided into four administrative sub-divisions (please refer Annexures – II & III). They are as following;a. Sangahr Sub-Division.b. Samaro ...


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