charge controller Articles

  • Methods of Purification by Water Innovations, Inc.

    Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical reduction, and some particulate reduction. ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • Water Charges & Local Authorities

    This is a piece I wrote a while back, I think it has significant relevance now that we are being charged for water and septic usage… Patrolled by the Guilty, Will It Be Solved by the Ecological Entrepreneur? Local Authorities are the largest abusers of wastewater discharge in the country; but will they soon have the ability to force the public to conform to a standard they flaunt ...


    By BioPro Ireland

  • Case study: Wireless controlled, four bar lift, indexing charge feeder

    Challenge A unique secondary aluminum producer, located in Kentucky, had recently purchased a more efficient rotary furnace to improve their foundry production. Optimum efficiency requires the furnace doors to be opened and closed in the shortest amount of time to maintain heating efficiency. To feed the new furnace, the current process involved multiple runs using a front end loader to ...


    By General Kinematics

  • Analysis and design of controlled capacitor charging type power frequency inverter

    This paper presents the performance of the capacitor charging type inverters. The inverter uses the voltage and current feedback and produces a desired voltage at the output by suitably charging/discharging a capacitor. An inductor is connected in series to limit the charging/discharging current. Both single and three phase inverters are considered. A small signal analysis is presented to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Design simulation and experimental evaluation of a three-phase controlled capacitor charging type inverter

    This paper presents the design, simulation and experimental verification of a new three-phase pulse width modulated inverter. The inverter works on the principle of controlled capacitor charging, where a capacitor that is connected across the load is charged or discharged in a controlled manner to synthesise a desired waveform. The input to the inverter being a voltage source, an inductor is used ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study of copper-charged membranes for control of fouling due to bacteria and algae organic matter

    The accumulation of micro-organisms, along with the presence of nutrients, forms biofilms. Biofoulants that are typically encountered in desalination systems include cellular organisms (e.g. bacteria or algae) and organic debris, including algae organic matter. The accumulation of these micro-organisms is problematic to membranes by causing irreversible fouling. The most adverse effects due to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Controls on the sorption, desorption and mineralization of low-molecular-weight organic acids in variable-charge soils

    Understanding the controls on interactions between soluble organic compounds and the solid soil matrix is important in understanding soil organic matter dynamics in general, including specific impacts on pedogenic processes, nutrient bioavailability, and C sequestration. This study investigated the pH-dependent relationship between low-molecular-weight organic acids (LMWOAs) and variable-charge ...

  • Stop the hit and miss in coagulation-flocculation: AppliTek’s charge density analyzer to reduce polymer dosing

    Specialist manufacturer AppliTek NV has the pleasure to announce its latest analytical solution, called EZ-Charge®, for reducing the potentially skyrocketing costs that come with controlling the amount of suspended solids in waste water treatment. The novel water analyzer has been developed in cooperation with AQRatio (Germany), a company specialized in sewage sludge analysis and control. ...


    By AppliTek NV

  • Controlling particulate emissions

    Cloud chamber technology uses electrically charged water droplets to attract fine particles and remove them from exhaust streams. At the Saint-Gobain Advanced Ceramics Boron Nitride (formerly Carborundum) plant in Amherst, ...


    By Tri-Mer Corporation

  • More Power. More Control.

    Cuyahoga County pumps value to its community through greater control, standardization and technological advancements. Cuyahoga County is the most populous county in Ohio, with nearly 1.4 million residents. Part of Greater Cleveland, the county is named after a Native American word meaning "crooked river." With more than 63% of its total area made up of water, the county strives to foster strong ...


    By Gorman-Rupp Co.

  • Controlling acid gas mists

    Gas cleaning New and strict pollution regulations in metallurgical plants worldwide are restricting particulate and acid gas emissions to extremely low levels. Because of that, sulphuric acid plants are being installed to remove and utilise S02 in gases resulting from the roasting of sulphide ores, smelting of ores, and burning or regeneration of spent acid or acid sludge from ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • RO monitors and Controllers: pros and cons

    A look at a range of devices for watching TDS. One major question a potential customer may ask before they purchase a point-of-use/point-of-entry (POU/POE) water treatment system is, “How often will I need to change the filter?” Maintenance and service are directly related to two of their major concerns: money and health. People don’t want to spend money unnecessarily, yet they ...


    By HM Digital, Inc.

  • Controlling Scale Deposition and Industrial Fouling

    It costs US industry billions of dollars a year to control and remove the limescale that builds up in industrial equipment such a heat exchangers, evaporative coolers, boilers, chillers and other water fed equipment. Oil wells, for example, face significant scaling problems from the highly mineralized water that are extracted with the oil. Limescale not only increases downtime, maintenance ...

  • The ‘Swiss Army Knife’ of Mass Flow Controllers

    Did you ever wish your mass flow controller could do it all? You’re not alone. End users ranging from machine builders to laboratory researchers are often faced with the challenge of needing flow measurement and control equipment for a wide variety of applications. Many customers call the SmartTrak 100 mass flow ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Desalination and water recovery: control of membrane fouling

    Ultrafiltration (UF), Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) technologies are widely used for the production of safe drinking water, and for the recovery of reusable water from various industrial effluent streams. The most commonly encountered phenomenon in these processes, especially in water recovery application, is membrane fouling, and control of membrane fouling is regarded as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Controlling waste produced by shopping centres at christmas

    Approximately 6000 tonnes of waste will be produced by the UK’s 5 newest shopping centres over the Christmas shopping season – enough to fill 2.4 Olympic sized swimming pools. Research published by WSP Environment & Energy, using average shopping centre waste, predicts that the major new shopping centre openings in the UK will produce in total over 5,978 tonnes of waste over the Christmas period ...

  • Innovation on LG Sonic technology to control algae

    As a global leader in the development and research to ultrasonic algae control, LG Sound has been providing environmentally friendly, efficient and cost-effective solutions to control algae, to all markets where water is being stored. With the release of our newest updated product, the LG Sonic XXL plus, it is now possible to control nearly all types of algae in a range of 186 meter (600 ft) ...


    By LG Sonic

  • A cost-effective method for controlling compost air emissions

    In October 2007, ECS began conducting trials at California State University Fresno (CSUF) to explore using the new patent pending AC Composter (ACC) covered aerated static pile system to manage dairy manure solids and comply with airquality standards. A two-zone portable pilot system was delivered by ECS and installed at the CSUF research dairy. This research is being conducted under a Phase I ...

  • Controlling scale in water systems helps prevent legionella

    The Legionella bacterium, Legionella Pneumophila (LP), the fundamental agent of Legionnaire’s Disease, is a water-based organism, which causes infection when inhaled in an aerosol form. Legionnaires' Disease acquired its name in 1976 when an outbreak of pneumonia occurred among persons attending a convention of the American Legion in Philadelphia. Later, the bacterium causing the illness ...

  • Controlling Stack Emissions in the Wood Products Industry

    Electrostatic precipitation has been a reliable technology since the early 1900's. Originally developed to abate serious smoke nuisances, the manufacturers of zinc, copper, and lead quickly found electric gas cleaning a cost efficient way to recover valuable product carried out of the stacks from furnace operations. Today electrostatic precipitators are found mainly on large power plants, cement ...


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