chemical accident Articles

  • Washington Watch -- The Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board: Thinking Strategically in Investigating (and Preventing) Chemical Accidents

    (From the Winter 2006 issue of Environmental Quality Management) Chemical accidents are always unwanted, and almost always the subject of considerable media attention and public scrutiny. Investigating the causes of chemical accidents is not an easy task, nor is the job of communicating the results of such investigations. Given the significant importance of the mission and day-to-day work of the ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • US Chemical Accident and Brazilian Spill Updates

    On this week’s edition of EHS This Week we’ve got the week’s top stories in environment, health and safety news: Large Chemical Explosion in Massachusetts Brazilian Tailing Ponds Measurement Errors Remember to write ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • The Volatile Issue of Reactive Chemicals

    Regulation of “reactive” chemicals -- chemicals that become unstable under certain conditions -- has been the subject of debate for years. Underlying the debate, and perhaps fueling it, is the fact that reactive chemicals are involved in many accidents. According to the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board’s (CSB’s) 2002 report addressing reactive chemicals, entitled “Hazard ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Rapid analysis of risk assessment using developed simulation of chemical industrial accidents software package

    The environmental consequences are defined as consequences of accidental release of hazardous substances to the natural environment. This release can lead to many hazards depending on the material stored. The consequences of these hazards to the environment are widespread and have significant importance to human communities living in the surroundings. The mathematical models are extremely useful ...

  • Effect of iodine chemical form on thyroid doses during a severe accident

    In most of the accidents that may occur in nuclear reactors, the short-term radiological consequences are expected to be dominated by isotopes of iodine. The assessment of doses resulting from iodine release during a severe reactor accident requires knowledge of the iodine chemical forms and removal mechanisms prior to the release to the environment. In this paper, the arguments concerning iodine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chemical risk management

    The most severe industrial accidents are those involving dangerous chemicals, as they represent a significant threat to health and the environment. Furthermore, such accidents cause huge economic losses and disrupt sustainable growth. However, the use of large amounts of hazardous chemicals is inevitable in some industrial sectors that are essential to a modern industrialized society. To minimize ...


    By Meteosim S.L.

  • Linking OII and RMP data: does everyday safety prevent catastrophic loss?

    We link the risk management programme (RMP) database of accident histories collected by the US Environmental Protection Agency for the period 1996-2000 under section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act Amendments and OSHA reported occupational illnesses and injuries (OII) for the same period. We explore various statistical associations between OIIs and RMP-reported accidents. If we think of OIIs as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A methodology for sharing experiences in incident management

    This article presents a methodology for the representation and sharing of experience gained during the management of incident and crisis situations. This methodology, which was initially developed for transportation accidents, is founded on the association of engineering and social sciences for the consideration of technical, human and organisational aspects of incident and crisis management. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chemicals get a bad reaction in Washington

    Regulation of reactive chemicals has been debated for years. According to the Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board’s (CSB) 2002 report, there have been 167 serious reactive chemical accidents during the past two decades, and 108 people were killed in 48 of the incidents. Despite the debate, neither legislative nor regulatory action is expected any time soon. The Occupational Safety and ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Organic sum parameters for river monitoring

    The purpose of river monitoring is to have an early warning system for chemical accidents with the consequence of water pollution through hazardous chemical substances. The real objective goes even further because the early warning system is intended for protecting the sensible drinking water resources. River monitoring stations have been established along rivers around the world. Today there is ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Major Changes to the Risk Management Program Regulations

    On July 31, 2014, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) published potential revisions to the Risk Management Program (RMP) regulations, which are codified at 40 CFR Part 68.  U.S. EPA issued a Request for Information (RFI) to solicit and obtain information on specific regulatory elements regarding RMP and its ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Reactive Chemicals Get More Scrutiny

    Untitled Document In the wake of several high-profile industrial explosions, government bodies are showing renewed interest in regulating reactive chemicals. These are chemicals that ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • The Volatile Debate Over Regulation of Reactive Chemicals

    Untitled Document The regulation of chemicals believed to be “reactive” has been hotly debated for many years. According to ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Adapting to new challenges: IDSS for emergency preparedness and management

    In order to manage risks, emergency planning and preparedness procedures are currently in use. The advent of Information Technology (IT) in the field of emergency management opened vast possibilities for the development of Integrated Decision Support Systems (IDSS). They are designed to perform calculations, make risk representation, fully interact with stakeholders, and assist in communicating ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Rhode Island disaster initiative

    The Rhode Island Disaster Initiative (RIDI) is providing research in the areas of readiness, technology and training to address the significant gaps that remain in real-time medical response to events involving the use of weapons of mass destruction; terrorist use of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive devices; mass casualty incidents and toxic industrial chemical and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Counting the costs of chemical incidents

    The consequences of a lack of control when using chemical substances in the workplace are well known and apparent.  Any health and safety expert can tell you of at least one major accident whereby poor chemical management policies and procedures have lead to disaster.  Examples include Bhopal, Grangemouth, Flixborough, Seveso and more recently, Buncefield.  Major accidents like ...

  • Assessing meteorological uncertainties in dispersion forecasts using a NWP Ensemble Prediction System

    The use of ensembles of meteorological forecasts is explored in the context of dispersion modelling for emergency-response applications such as nuclear accidents or chemical releases. Specification of meteorology is often a major source of uncertainty in dispersion predictions. The ensemble methodology, routinely used in Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP), is followed in which multiple ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Characterization of Accidental Chemical Releases

    The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA) section 112 (r) Prevention of Accidental Releases requires the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish measures for owners and operators of facilities processing or handling hazardous materials to prevent accidental releases of regulated substances and other extremely hazardous materials to the air. Additionally, it requires the ...

  • Hazardous Material Storage Installations : Addressing concerns on safety and building public confidence

    Much public concern is raised on hazardous material bulk storages at vulnerable locations that cater the requirements of basic industries. This concern has grown into serious proportions after the ‘Bhopal’ incident. The Bhopal Gas Tragedy, history’s worst chemical accident, occurred in the night on 2nd Dec, 1984 at the Union Carbide Pesticides Plant in Bhopal, India. Around 27 MT of deadly ...

  • Toxics and health: 8 documentaries you need to see

    Powerful films provide information to keep your family safe Most of us turn on the TV to relax after a busy day or to catch up on the day’s events. That is just fine, but if you haven’t discovered the power of well-made documentaries yet, give it a try. Documentaries are nonfictional films that rely on personal experiences, interviews and other storytelling ...


    By Allerair Industries

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