chemical oxygen demand sensor Articles

  • Accuracy of different sensors for the estimation of pollutant concentrations (total suspended solids, total and dissolved chemical oxygen demand) in wastewater and stormwater

    Many field investigations have used continuous sensors (turbidimeters and/or ultraviolet (UV)-visible spectrophotometers) to estimate with a short time step pollutant concentrations in sewer systems. Few, if any, publications compare the performance of various sensors for the same set of samples. Different surrogate sensors (turbidity sensors, UV-visible spectrophotometer, pH meter, conductivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmental Sensors in Waste Management

    Issue: As part of an increasing sentiment among European consumers that environmental protection is important, concern about the impact of landfill is growing. Sensor technology makes it possible to measure and control inputs to landfill sites and pollutants arising from them. However, the exploitation - or uptake - of such technology has been lower than expected in the waste management sector. ...


  • Dynamic control of nutrient-removal from industrial wastewater in a sequencing batch reactor, using common and low-cost online sensors

    On-line control of the biological treatment process is an innovative tool to cope with variable concentrations of chemical oxygen demand and nutrients in industrial wastewater. In the present study we implemented a simple dynamic control strategy for nutrient-removal in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) treating variable tank truck cleaning wastewater. The control system was based on derived ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pulp & Paper: Real-Time BOD & COD Monitoring

    A pulp and paper facility in Ontario, Canada has implemented an effective solution for monitoring chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) in real-time. To address their need for more frequent data collection, the mill installed a real-time BOD/COD sensor from Real Tech. With real time monitoring, the facility saw an opportunity to optimize nutrient dosing in the ...


    By Real Tech Inc.

  • From mess to mass: a methodology for calculating storm event pollutant loads with their uncertainties, from continuous raw data time series

    With the increasing implementation of continuous monitoring of both discharge and water quality in sewer systems, large data bases are now available. In order to manage large amounts of data and calculate various variables and indicators of interest it is necessary to apply automated methods for data processing. This paper deals with the processing of short time step turbidity time series to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reduced order model monitoring and control of a membrane bioreactor system via delayed measurements

    Activated sludge treatment is one of the most widely used processes for wastewater treatment (WWT). These systems are built with sufficient design margin to allow changes in loading and process conditions. This is necessary and prudent to overcome limitations in measurement, monitoring and controlling of WWT process parameters at the desired frequency. Online sensors for mixed liquor suspended ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater treatment down-time `not acceptable`

    Reliable 24/7 monitoring and control of a pharmaceutical company's wastewater facility is fundamentally important to the successful operation of the entire business. This is because failures or down-time in the wastewater treatment process would quickly result in waste stream back up. It follows therefore that monitoring equipment should be extremely reliable and this is why Shasun Pharma ...


  • The Path to Safety for Pharmaceutical and Laboratories: Why O2 Deficiency Monitors May be Required?

    To safeguard against gas leaks in pharmaceutical industries and laboratories, businesses are turning to oxygen deficiency monitors. Learn when, where, and why an oxygen monitor or O2 monitor may be required.  Oxygen Monitors in Medical and Pharmaceutical Settings In the hospital setting, nitrogen gas is ...

  • Case study – bakery application

    Introduction Clean Water Technology, Inc. is the creator of the Gas Energy System (GEM), the most advanced primary treatment system on the market. The GEM System provides superior reduction of total suspended solids (TSS), biological and chemical oxygen demand (BOD/COD), fats, oils and grease (FOG) and turbidity. Challenge A renowned Bakery and Savory manufacturer in Southern ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Efficiency of Process Measurement Technology for Determining Nutrient Parameters – Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

    Abstract The costs and benefits of process measurement instruments in sewage treatment plants were the subject of intensive debate in the 1990s. Cost-benefit studies, comparing the potential savings in energy, consumables and personnel with the additional costs of using the instruments, resulted in recommendations specifying the minimum sewage treatment plant size at which the use of such ...


  • On-Line Nitrate/Nitrite Probes for BNR Process Control

    ABSTRACTReal time nitrogen monitoring plays an increasingly important role for the successful biological nutrient removal at wastewater treatment plants. Though traditionally dissolved oxygen has been the main process control parameter a greater understanding of the biological mechanisms and process conditions like nitrite/nitrate concentrations to achieve lower effluent values becomes necessary, ...

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction An offshore worker ensures a vessel is safe to enter; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face common dangers, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited. A confined space ...

  • Nanotechnology Provides Alternative Method to Dichromate Based COD Analysis

    Nanotechnologies hold a lot of promise for improving the world and offering revolutionary advancements over traditional technologies that have not changed for decades, including for water quality analysis. Laboratory staff have known for a long time about the potential negative health impacts associated with Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) testing using the traditional dichromate method, ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • What is the challenge with the dichromate COD approach and why is an alternative method required?

    Ask The Expert: What is the challenge with the dichromate COD approach and why is an alternative method required? Answer: The traditional COD analysis approach has been used for decades and is based on the use of potassium dichromate, one of the reagents necessary ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Tech update: Plant instrumentation - food engineering

    Sensors and other devices are the foot soldiers in automation architecture, but most food and beverage manufacturers still are looking for full value. You know an equipment category has arrived when it starts getting its own industry-specific center. For the food production sensors that do the heavy lifting in instrumentation technology, that day could arrive earlier rather than ...


    By Hardy Process Solutions

  • Efficient Waste Water Treatment

    Clean drinking water is an essential need of mankind. Often surface water like rivers or lakes is used as drinking water source. To prevent these resources from pollution the effective treatment of waste water is a must. For example in China 75% of discharged waste water is coming from pulp and paper, textile and dyeing industries. To run a waste water treatment plant in the most efficient way ...


    By J.V. Niebergall CDH

  • Inno-badge – an electronic dosimeter badge for continuous recording of a worker`s exposure to Phosgene gas

    Untitled Document Phosgene, also known as Carbonyl Chloride, is a widely used but highly toxic substance. At room temperature Phosgene gas is nearly colourless, and at low concentrations ...


    By Baum Publications Ltd.

  • Case study – meat processing

    For over a decade, this meat processor in Iowa has supplied processed meat products of the highest quality both domestically and internationally. Market demand for these quality products has led to extensive expansion of its plants. Presently the company has four state-of-the-art processing facilities, the newest of which is located in Utah. The company became the first turkey processing plant ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

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