chemical risk Articles

  • Science and precaution in the risk analysis of chemicals

    This work shows the risk assessment procedures for chemicals and the factors that can determine the area of scientific uncertainty in the evaluation process, making the application of the precautionary principle necessary. The nature of the actions to be adopted on the basis of the precautionary approach, that is expressly included in the European Union Treaty, can be quite different. These ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Leveraging Chemical Data to Manage Risk

    Even if chemicals aren’t central to your business, their hazards are likely pervasive across your supply chain. In fact, chemicals are one of the primary drivers of environmental, health and safety risk in virtually every organization. Both EPA and OSHA provide regulatory guidance based on the types and quantities of chemicals present at your facility. The Department of Transportation and ...

  • Data and literature gathering in chemical cancer risk assessment

    In recent years, chemical cancer risk assessment has faced major challenges: the demand for cancer risk assessment has grown considerably with strict legislation regarding chemical safety, whereas cancer hazard identification has turned increasingly complex due to the rapid development and high publication rate in biomedical sciences. Thus, much of the scientific evidence required for hazard ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Ranking ecological risks of multiple chemical stressors on amphibians

    Populations of amphibians have been declining worldwide since the late 1960s. Despite global concern, no studies have quantitatively assessed the major causes of this decline. In the present study, species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) were developed to analyze the sensitivity of anurans for ammonium, nitrate, heavy metals (cadmium, copper), pesticides (18 compounds), and acidification (pH) ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Packaged Chemicals Pose Asbestos-type Health Risk

    Normal.dotm 0 0 1 260 1486 Activeion International Pty. Ltd. 12 2 ...


    By GenEon Australia

  • Management of chemical exposure: the limitations of a risk-based approach

    Risk assessment and risk-based management approaches are becoming incorporated into a wide range of disciplines as frameworks for use in critical decision-making pathways. During its rapid expansion, many of the assumptions, subjective judgements and irreducible uncertainties inherent within the risk paradigm are becoming increasingly overlooked. This paper provides a critical review of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EPA increases transparency on chemical risk information

    On January 21st the EPA announced a new policy to increase the public’s access to information on chemicals. In the announcement, the EPA stated its intention to reject a certain type of confidentiality claim, known as Confidential Business Information (CBI), on the identity of chemicals. The chemicals that will be affected by this action are those that are submitted to EPA with studies that show ...


    By 3E Company

  • EPA takes unprecedented action on `Risk List` chemicals

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on Dec. 30, 2009, issued a breathtaking series of action plans on 'Risk List' chemicals that will shape future legislative proposals which industry will need to participate in and monitor. EPA has never announced so many actions under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), nor has it ever so widely cited use of Section 6. That they were issued in ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Case study - Chemical risk assessments for a large client

    Challenge: The client had tried unsuccessfully to train risk assessors how to do chemical assessments. The main issue was the fact the each assessment was taking a long time to complete on paper and tracking of actions was proving impossible. The results from the risk assessment were not in a form that allowed easy interpretation of the level of risk present. Another more fundamental ...


    By EHA Soft Solutions

  • Financial risks and opportunities from toxic chemicals in products

    In this article, the author discusses how social response product development (or SRPD) is an essential strategy for avoiding the risks from toxic chemicals in products and seizing the opportunities that arise from developing safer alternatives. In World Inc., Bruce Piasecki focuses on Social Response Product Development (SRPD) as the core element of the Social Response Capitalism that is ...


    By AHC Group

  • Management and risk assessment of a chemical spill: engineering facility

    Project: Management and Risk Assessment of a Cleaning Effluent Spill  Client: Confidential Services: Spill response, environmental sampling, risk assessment, regulator liaison Summary: Proportionate risk assessment and pollution management to safeguard local surface waters and satisfy regulator requirements ...

  • Ecological and Human Health Risk Assessment: Focussing on complex chemical risk assessment and the identification of highest risk conditions

    The mission of the Joint Research Centre, which is a Directorate General of the European Commission, is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support to the EU policy making process, ensuring support to the implementation and monitoring of existing policies and responding to new policy demands. The way that the Joint Research Centre accomplishes its customer-driven tasks is mainly ...


  • Evaluation of uncertainty parameters in risk assessment of agricultural chemicals on groundwater contamination

    Risk assessment is meaningful to quantitatively define adverse effects on human health and natural environment and it is possible to choose the most effective action related to groundwater contamination. In this paper, parameter uncertainties in risk assessment in geo-environmental system are examined through a probabilistic application of deterministic contaminant transport model using Latin ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reflections on new directions for risk assessment of environmental chemical mixtures

    Currently risk assessment of chemicals tackles them as single substances affecting individual health endpoints. In reality, human exposure occurs to mixtures of chemicals, as they are present in the environment and consumer products. Combining the information from environmental fate analysis, epidemiological data and toxicokinetic/dynamic models helps estimate internal exposure. Coupling these ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multiphase partitioning and risk assessment of endocrine‐disrupting chemicals in the Pearl River, China

    Multiphase partitioning of endocrine‐disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in the Pearl River (China) were investigated. The colloidal concentrations for 4‐tert‐octylphenol, 4‐nonylphenol, bisphenol A (BPA), and estrone (E1) were in the ranges of 0.2 ng/L to 0.8 ng/L, 23.2 ng/L to 108 ng/L, 2.3 ng/L to 97.6 ng/L, and not detectable (nd) to 0.32 ng/L, respectively; for truly dissolved concentrations, the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Risk–based land use planning around hazardous chemical installations

    This paper presents a framework for supporting land use planning decisions around hazardous chemical facilities taking risk into consideration. The proposed methodology contains all the steps that a planner needs to fully define the problem based on multi–criteria decision analysis (MCDA) and incorporating the needs of major local stakeholders. The decision is supported by the generation of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are we going about chemical risk assessment for the aquatic environment the wrong way?

    The goal of protecting the aquatic environment through testing thousands of chemicals against hundreds of aquatic species with thousands of endpoints while also considering mixtures is impossible given the present resources. Much of the impetus for studies on micropollutants, such as pharmaceuticals, came from the topic of endocrine disruption in wild fish. But despite concern over reductions ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • EPA uses Actio software to inform workers about chemical risks

    The Environmental Protection Agency is deploying chemical management software to keep employees informed about the risks associated with various hazardous materials. EPA employees often come into contact with hazardous chemicals in the course of their work. For example, in the EPA's Region 5, employees oversee the Great Lakes states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin. ...


    By Actio Corporation

  • Software keeps EPA workers informed about chemical risks

    The Environmental Protection Agency is deploying chemical management software to keep employees informed about the risks associated with various hazardous materials. EPA employees often come into contact with hazardous chemicals in the course of their work. For example, in the EPA's Region 5, employees oversee the Great Lakes states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and ...


    By Actio Corporation

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