chemical waste Articles

  • What is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)?

    Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis is a measurement of the oxygen-depletion capacity of a water sample contaminated with organic waste matter. Specifically, it measures the equivalent amount of oxygen required to chemically oxidize organic compounds in water. Why Measure COD? COD is used as a general indicator of water quality and is an integral part of all water quality ...


    By MANTECH

  • 4700 Sampler Industrial Park Wastewater Monitoring - InfraServ Knapsack, Germany - Case Study

    The Model 4700 Automatic Refrigerated Sampler from Teledyne Isco, Inc. is used for water quality monitoring at an industrial park operated by InfraServ Knapsack, Germany InfraServ Knapsack InfraServ GmbH & Co. Knapsack KG is the company that operates the Chemical Industrial Park Knapsack. The site is situated in Huerth, south of Cologne in Germany. The park is divided into ...


    By Teledyne Isco

  • Understanding the 3 Types of Arsenic Removal Used for Wastewater

    With the onset of the Industrial Revolution and the development of internal combustion engines and new manufacturing technologies, fresh water became an essential raw material not only for production, but for cooling purposes in manufacturing processes. However, when fresh water is used in an industrial process, it creates industrial wastewater composed of a variety of chemicals and other raw ...

  • Advancements in Scaling Calculations and an in depth look at Antiscalant dosing for stressed waters and high recovery systems

    Abstract Over the past few decades the Reverse Osmosis (RO) industry has observed an increase in applications in challenging waters. Water sources that were never considered suitable for RO are now commonplace, including municipal waste streams, industrial waste, and even mining waste. Furthermore, regulatory restrictions, environmental obligations, solid waste expenses, and water supply ...


    By Avista Technologies

  • How big is the distributed energy opportunity for water and wastewater utilities?

    Energy costs for water utilities are large, and growing Energy is a significant cost for many water utilities, and costs are growing as more energy-intensive forms of water supply, including desalination, are being used. Energy is typically the second-largest utility budget item in developed countries, after labour. In many developing countries, energy can account for 70% or even more, of ...

  • Safety Leadership Spotlight | Using Leading Indicators to Drive Organizational Safety Performance

    On January 18th, I sat down with EHSQ Community member, and Principal, Larry Coco, of ESH & Quality Consulting, to hear his thoughts on how leading indicators are transforming workplace safety in business. Over the last 30 years, Larry has managed ESHQ teams in the commercial nuclear industry with Westinghouse and on operations contractor teams at Department of Energy weapons production ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • Composting of Municipal Solid Waste through chemical pretreatment

    Composting is one of the viable options for bioprocessing of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). An important aspect of the composting process is the period required for attaining stability/maturity, and the quality of compost. In order to enhance the rate of degradation and improve the quality of compost, several pretreatments on MSW were investigated. Chemical pretreatment with low strength NaOH ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Waste Incineration Upgrades at the Eastman Chemical Company

    INTRODUCTION Eastman Chemical Company, headquartered n Kingsport, TN, is an international supplier of organc chemicals, fibers anci plastics with annual sales of approximately $46 biNion and approximately 5300 customers worldwide. Tennessee Eastman Division, also located in Kingsport, is the company’s largest manufacturing fadllity The nine hundred acre site contains manutacturing facilities as ...


  • Waste Reduction and Chemical Minimisation: Oxford Panels

    A program involving recycling, waste reduction and waste treatment, is saving Oxford Panels around $1,000 annually on waste removal cost alone. A 30% saving on the cost of raw materials such as thinners and sandpaper, has also been recorded. Importantly, staff morale has increased. They like the reduction in chemicals and pollutants in their workplace and take pride knowing they are actively ...


  • Chemical Recycling of Plastics Waste (PVC and other resins)

     Introduction For several years, debate has raged about the plastic PVC. Industry and environmentalists contend with each other virtually around the world. The environmentalists pursue a ban, industry aims to improve its environmental performance and believes that from an overall viewpoint there is no reason for such far-reaching measures against their material. In this context, the material ...


  • Chemical production and characterisation of activated carbon from waste 'coffee grounds'

    Activated carbon was prepared from ground–coffee in this study. Experimental results reveal that for the ratio (0, 1 ÷ 0, 3) of coffee grounds to activating agents (ZnCl2, H3PO4) has not noteworthy influence. The rise temperature and carbonisation time respectively, in the interval of 500–700°C and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparing Capacity Expansion and Waste Minimization Options at a Chemical Manufacturing Facility

    ABSTRACTIndustrial wastewater treatment facilities that are nearing their capacity limit often have a relief option that typically is not available to municipal treatment facilities. That option is to reduce waste loads coming from the production areas by optimizing manufacturing processes so that less waste is generated per pound of product made. In making the decision between reducing waste ...

  • Field Pilot Study of a Chemical Oxidation Process for Treatment of Industrial Waste Leachate

    Remediation efforts are ongoing at the Avtex Fibers Superfund Site in Front Royal, Virginia. As part of the future remediation of several surface impoundments used for viscose waste disposal during plant operation, it may be necessary to extract contaminated leachate and groundwater for ex-situ treatment and discharge to the Shenandoah River. This waste stream contains varying concentrations of ...

  • The physical, chemical and microbial characteristics of biodegradable municipal waste derived composts

    A comparative study of the physical, chemical and microbial properties of 12 composts sourced from United Kingdom commercial composting plants was carried out. The aim was to ascertain whether these composts could be used as growing media or for application to agricultural land. The composts were produced from either source segregated biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) or mixed municipal solid ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Chemical Reaction for Disposal of Waste Nitrogen Fluoride From Manufacturing Process of Semiconductors

    New technology to make trifluoro-nitrogen (NF3) gas harmless has been developed and a new concept on the removing toxic gas to be used in the process of manufacturing semiconductors is established. The NF3 gas is a toxic and special type of gas that is used in the process of manufacturing semiconductors and its specific application includes the dry etching of semiconductors, cleaning of CVD ...


  • Recovery of chitin and chitosan from shrimp waste by chemical and microbial methods

    Chitin is a versatile environmentally friendly modern material (Mahmoud, 2007). It is a naturally occurring high molecular weight linear homopolysaccharide composed of N-acetyl-D glucosamine residues in α(1-4) linkage. Chitin and chitin derivatives are biodegradable and biocompatible natural polymers that have been used in virtually every significant segment of the economy (e.g. water ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Study on Hazardous Household Waste with a main Emphasis on Hazardous Chemicals

    Introduction The aim of this study is to evaluate national experiences of the management of hazardous products likely to become hazardous household waste (HHW), and to make proposals for strategies for the appropriate management of such products within a lifecycle perspective. The study covers the fifteen Member States and two Accession Countries, namely Hungary and Romania. The data available at ...

  • From Waste in Anodising Plant to New Chemical Product in Sewage Treatment Plants

    Aluminium containing caustic soda used as a pickling agent in the pre-treatment of aluminium before anodising and aluminium containing sulphuric acids used as electrolytes for the formation of oxide layers in anodising plants can be utilised in municipal sewage treatment plants to reduce phosphates and improve precipitation. From the anodiser's point of view, these products are spent once they ...


  • Chemical, Physical, Mineralogical, Morphology Characteristics of a Thermal Power Plant Washing Waste

    Most of electricity is generated by thermal power plants in Iran. Shahid Rajaee thermal power plant consists of four 250MW natural gas and fuel oil burning units that is located at 100 km west off Tehran. As a result of fuel oil burning in winter time, boilers air heaters are washed and cleaned frequently. The wastewater originating from air heater washing contains suspended ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Perfectly clean water without the use of chemicals - Waste Water - Case Study

    Wastewater treatment plant successfully cut down costs and environmental impact Thanks to the disinfectant system from Danish Clean Water, the Danish wastewater treatment plant Fredericia Spildevand is now saving yearly 75.000 € and reusing 70,000 m3 wastewater for cleaning – saving both money and drinking water. The employees at Fredericia Spildevand were quite ...

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