chemically resistant membrane Articles

  • Chlorine resistant membrane and the mechanism of membrane

    Polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used successfully for water desalination is made from the interfacial reaction of meta-phenylenediamine (MPD) with trimesoyl chloride. One problem with the membrane is that its performance is deteriorated upon prolonged exposure to chlorine often used for disinfecting feed water. ATR-FTIR and XPS analysis show chlorine reacts with the amide hydrogen and is ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • HDPE - A Hydrocarbon Resistant Membrane?

    Most brownfield redevelopment and environmental protection applications require the use of a hydrocarbon resistant membrane.  However, each membrane material will vary in its ability to resist chemical attack and its effectiveness as a barrier to permeation.  It is essential that a barrier material prevents the migration of contaminants, thereby not harming the surrounding environment ...

  • Chlorine resistant membrane: the mechanism of membrane degradation by chlorine

    Polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used successfully for water desalination is made from the interfacial reaction of meta-phenylenediamine (MPD) with trimesoyl chloride. One problem with the membrane is that its performance is deteriorated upon prolonged exposure to chlorine often used for disinfecting feed water. ATR-FTIR and XPS analysis show chlorine reacts with the amide hydrogen and is ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Ceramic membranes with higher abrasion resistance

    High flux rates, combined with a very high chemical and thermal resistance and the resulting operational reliability - these are the reasons why users worldwide opt for ceramic membranes. Up to now, the only parameter where ceramic membranes performed well but not excellent was abrasion resistance. Therefore, filtering of abrasive matter required pre-treatment stages such as prefiltration, ...


    By atech innovations gmbh

  • CSM fouling resistant reverse osmosis membranes

    This paper particularly deals with new fouling resistant RO membranes which are made more hydrophilic and less changed or charged with the same charge as the foulants to reduce hydrophobic interaction and charge attraction or to increase charge repulsion, respectively. The fouling resistant membranes manufactured by Woongjin Chemical in Korea are coated with hydrophilic monomers followed by ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Application of chlorine resistant polyamide RO membrane for household water filtration device

    Chlorine attacks the polyamide RO membrane to cause membrane failure as measured by enhanced passage of both salt and water. For this reason, activated carbon pre-filters that remove chlorine are typically placed ahead of RO membranes in home drinking water treatment RO system. A general home drinking water treatment system employing RO is composed of preliminary sediment filter, activated carbon ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Picking Their Membranes - Part I -

    Membrane use by water suppliers may not be new, but suppliers are considering membranes in new ways -- by number and variety of applications. Membranes can work on a wider range of resource waters, more efficiently and for less cost than before. Among membranes' attractions as substitutes for conventional water-treatment technologies, such as filtration, distillation and ion-exchange are: ...


  • Modification of tubular ceramic membranes with carbon nanotubes using catalytic chemical vapor deposition

    In this study, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were successfully grown on tubular ceramic membranes using the catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) method. CNTs were synthesized at 650°C for 3–6 h under a 120 mL min−1 flow of C2H6 on ceramic membranes impregnated with iron salt. The synthesis procedure was beforehand optimized in terms of catalyst amount, impregnation duration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fouling with aerobic granule membrane bioreactor

    Aerobic granulation (AG) and membrane bioreactor (MBR) are two promising, novel environmental biotechnological processes that draw interest of researchers working in the area of biological wastewater treatment. Membrane fouling in the combined aerobic granular membrane bioreactor (AGMBR) process and the conventional MBR process was investigated in this work. The irreversible fouling on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane cleaning skids prolong operating life of costly membrane filtration units

    Considered one of the most important and costly components of a reverse osmosis purification system, membrane filtration elements (a thin semi-permeable layer which desalinates seawater) collect mineral buildup, organic materials and bacterial agents. The Lifestream Membrane Cleaning Skid cleans, flushes out and preserves the membrane, reviving efficiency and prolonging membrane life.Designing a ...

  • Effect of membrane characteristics on the performance of membrane bioreactors for oily wastewater treatment

    Influence of membrane material and pore size on the performance of a submerged membrane bioreactor (sMBR) for oily wastewater treatment was investigated. The sMBR had a working volume of about 19 L with flat sheet modules at the same hydrodynamic conditions. Five types of micro- and ultra-polymeric membranes containing cellulose acetate (CA), cellulose nitrate (CN), polyamide (PA), polyvinylidene ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydrogel-swelling driven delivery device for corrosion resistance of metal in water

    Corrosion on steel and copper pipes in industry can trigger pollution and weakness due to undesired chemical and biochemical reactions. Too much or too little inhibitor can decrease its efficiency, even causing waste and pollution. In this contribution, an innovative delivery device driven by hydrogel swelling, mainly consisting of a semi-permeable membrane, a hydrogel-swelling force drive and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of an emerging water treatment technology: ceramic membranes

    Historically, low-pressure membranes (microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF)) used in potable water treatment are made of polymers (polysulfone (PS), polypropylene (PP), polyethersulfone (PES), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) etc). Recently, membranes made of ceramic materials (aluminium oxide) have been developed by MetaWater (Japan), Kubota (Japan) and others and is being marketed in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removing biofilm from membranes – a practical approach

    Abstract Within the lifetime of most reverse osmosis (RO) systems some fouling will adversely affect membrane performance.One of the major foulants identified on lead membranes during a decade of membrane autopsy at the Genesys Membrane laboratory is biological fouling (biofouling). All raw water sources contain microorganisms such as algae, bacteria and fungi. They also contain ...

  • Technical brief - membranes for airtight roof designs

    There are compelling energy saving reasons for the trend towards airtight un-ventilated roof designs. An average house loses about 25% of its heat via the loft space and roof. If a roof is made airtight, heat loss reduces to about 15% making a total energy saving of over 5%. According to tests carried out by the Building Research Establishment (BRE), total energy saving could even be as much as ...

  • Pollutant removal and membrane fouling in an anaerobic submerged membrane bioreactor for real sewage treatment

    Real sewage was continuously treated by a laboratory-scale anaerobic submerged membrane bioreactor (AnSMBR) for over 160 days. Results showed that around 90% of chemical oxygen demand, and 99% of turbidity and total suspended solids in the sewage could be removed by the AnSMBR system. Membrane flux sustained at 11 L/(m2 h) was realized with biogas sparging. Small flocs from sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prediction of permeate flux decline in crossflow membrane filtration

    Microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) are pressure-driven membrane processes which are widely used in order to remove colloidal particles and microorganisms in water and waste water treatment systems. The filtration performance is, however, often hampered by the buildup of retained particulate matters on the membrane surfaces, which causes the deleterious permeate flux decline. ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Application of Membrane Technology for the Recovery and Reuse of Water

    Abstract As water and sewer costs are expected to increase over the next decade, membrane technology will continue to be a viable and economical option in the recovery and reuse of water. This paper describes the mechanism of membrane effected separation (specifically reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration), membranes commercially available, membrane element configurations, and how ...


  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Permeability decline in nanofiltration/reverse osmosis membranes fed with municipal wastewater treated by a membrane bioreactor

    Decline in the permeability in nanofiltration (NF)/reverse osmosis (RO) membranes that filtered effluents from a membrane bioreactor (MBR) treating municipal wastewater was investigated in this study. Four different 2-inch spiral-wound NF/RO membrane elements were continuously operated for 40 days. The results showed that the amount of deposits on the membrane surface did not affect the degree ...


    By IWA Publishing

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