chlorinated compounds bioremediation Articles

  • Enhanced Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents (PDF)

    Enhanced in situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents in groundwater has been successfully demonstrated at many sites by supplying lactic acid as an electron donor. The source of lactate for these successful pilot tests is Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC), a polylactate ester specially formulated for slow release of lactic acid upon hydration. HRC has been delivered to chlorinated ...


    By REGENESIS

  • How to: Bioremediate chlorinated solvents without accumulating metabolites

    Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs)such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene(TCE), commonly used as dry cleaningsolvents and degreasers, pose an ongoing threatto human health and wildlife when spilled intogroundwater. Through the injection of bioremediation productsinto the impacted groundwater, the chlorine atoms can be removedfrom these compounds in situ. However, ...


  • The Use of Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC) for CAH Bioremediation.

    Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC™) is a simple, passive, low-cost and long-term option for the anaerobic bioremediation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) via a reductive dehalogenation pathway. Applications to other classes of chlorinated compounds that are anaerobically degradable by this mechanism are under investigation. HRC should be viewed as a tool for the enhancement of natural ...


    By REGENESIS

  • How To: Bioremediate chlorinated solvents without accumulating metabolites

    Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE), commonly used as dry cleaning solvents and degreasers, pose an ongoing threat to human health and wildlife when spilled into groundwater. Through the injection of bioremediation products into the impacted groundwater, the chlorine atoms can be removed from these compounds in situ. ...


  • Principles and practices of enhanced anaerobic bioremediation of chlorinated solvents

    PROBLEM STATEMENTThe Department of Defense (DoD) has identified hundreds of sites where groundwater is contaminated with chlorinated solvents; these represent one of the DoD’s largest remediation liabilities. In addition to their use in many industrial processes, chlorinated solvents have historically been used for cleaning and degreasing such diverse products as aircraft engines, automobile ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents (PDF)

    Anaerobic enhancement of a shallow confined silty sand aquifer has resulted in a substantial biodegradation of a dissolved Tetrachloroethene (PCE) plume at a former metal finishing facility in Secaucus, New Jersey. The injection of a time-release hydrogen compound (HRC™) rapidly converted ambient aquifer aerobic conditions to anaerobic, and maintained such conditions throughout the 6-month ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Bioremediation of DNAPL

    Dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) are mixtures of organic compounds that when combined have a specific density greater than water, which has a specific density of 1.00. They sink through water and form a separate liquid phase below the water. DNAPL mixtures can include compounds such as chlorinated solvents, PCB oils, coal tars, and creosotes (complex mixtures consisting of polycyclic ...

  • The Bioremediation Process

    Bioremediation allows natural processes to clean up harmful chemicals in the environment. Microscopic 'bugs' or microbes that live in soil and groundwater like to eat certain harmful chemicals, such as those found in gasoline and oil spills. When microbes completely digest these chemicals, they change them into water and harmless gases such as carbon dioxide. In order for microbes to clean up ...


  • Bioremediation of soil

    In our experience, Bioremediation is best accomplished with Bio-augmentation, the addition of large numbers of selected micro-organisms grown in the production laboratory. In addition to bio-augmentation, several physical and chemical parameters must be controlled in order to obtain optimal growth and maximum degradation of soil contaminants. The major factors that are controlled during ...

  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Fact Sheet: Subsurface Hydrogen Injection for the In-situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents

    AbstractIn-situ bioremediation via direct hydrogen addition has the potential to become a simple and low-cost treatment approach for sites contaminated with chlorinated solvent compounds (PCE, TCE, etc.). Based on the results of recent research, the role of hydrogen as an electron donor is now widely recognized as the key factor governing the ...


  • Cost implications of hydrogen donor selection for in-situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents

    The use of enhanced anaerobic bioremediation for treatment of chlorinated solvents in groundwater has increased at a rapid rate within the past three years. Since there are a number of different hydrogen donors that can potentially be used, it is important that practitioners understand the cost implications of the hydrogen donor(s) selected for the project. A comparative economic analysis is ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • Hydrogen Fact Sheet Subsurface Hydrogen Injection For the In-situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents

    In-situ bioremediation via direct hydrogen addition has the potential to become a simple and low-cost treatment approach for sites contaminated with chlorinated solvent compounds (PCE, TCE, etc.). Based on the results of recent research, the role of hydrogen as an electron donor is now widely recognized as the key factor governing the dechlorination of chlorinated compounds (Holliger et al., ...


  • Source area bioremediation of chlorinated solvents with edible oils emulsion

    Groundwater in a sand and gravel aquifer beneath this active manufacturing facility was contaminated with high concentrations of 1,1,1- Trichloroethane (1TCA) and cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cDCE), and their degradation products including ethene and ethane. An acclimated anaerobic microbial population was present at the site, but was limited by the availability of carbon. Emulsified edible oil was ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • Engineered approaches to in situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents: Fundamentals and field applications

    Halogenated volatile organic compounds, including chlorinated solvents, are the most frequently- occurring type of soil and groundwater contaminant at Superfund and other hazardous waste sites in the United States. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that, over the next several decades, site owners will spend billions of dollars to clean up these sites. New technologies that ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • A Citizen`s Guide to Bioremediation

    What is bioremediation? Bioremediation is a treatment process that uses naturally occurring microorganisms (yeast, fungi, or bacteria) to break down, or degrade, hazardous substances into less toxic or nontoxic substances. Microorganisms, just like humans, eat and digest organic substances for nutrients and energy. In chemical terms, 'organic' compounds are those that contain carbon and hydrogen ...

  • In situ bioremediation of pesticides in soil and groundwater

    This article provides a summary of the Adventus Group’s experience with treatment of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in soil and groundwater using DARAMEND® and EHC® bioremediation amendments. The firm has offered DARAMEND for treatment of recalcitrant compounds in soil for more than ten years in both ex situ and in-situ applications. Since OCPs bind strongly to the soil matrix, ...


  • Mechanisms and strategies of microbial cometabolism in the degradation of organic compounds – chlorinated ethylenes as the model

    The universal microbial cometabolism provides us with an effective approach to remove man-made xenobiotics. However, the cometabolic bioremediation of toxic organic compounds has not been widely initiated due to the obscure underlying fundamentals in the studies or applications of microbial cometabolism. This review summarizes the current research trends in mechanistic understanding of microbial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Halogenated Volatile Organic Compounds

    Sites where halogenated VOCs may be found include burn pits, chemical manufacturing plants or disposal areas, contaminated marine sediments, disposal wells and leach fields, electroplating/metal finishing shops, firefighting training areas, hangars/aircraft maintenance areas, landfills and burial pits, leaking collection and system sanitary lines, leaking storage tanks, radioactive/mixed waste ...

  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


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