chlorinated solvents bioremediation Articles

  • In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents

    ABSTRACT: In situ bioremediation is ongoing at a former manufacturing facility in Portland, Oregon.  Shallow groundwater at the site was impacted by chlorinated solvents, primarily trichloroethene and degradation products cis-1,2-dichloroethene and vinyl chloride.  In situ chemical oxidation treatment was completed in 2003 via the injection of sodium permanganate in source ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Enhanced Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents (PDF)

    Enhanced in situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents in groundwater has been successfully demonstrated at many sites by supplying lactic acid as an electron donor. The source of lactate for these successful pilot tests is Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC), a polylactate ester specially formulated for slow release of lactic acid upon hydration. HRC has been delivered to chlorinated ...


    By REGENESIS

  • How to: Bioremediate chlorinated solvents without accumulating metabolites

    Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs)such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene(TCE), commonly used as dry cleaningsolvents and degreasers, pose an ongoing threatto human health and wildlife when spilled intogroundwater. Through the injection of bioremediation productsinto the impacted groundwater, the chlorine atoms can be removedfrom these compounds in situ. However, ...


  • How To: Bioremediate chlorinated solvents without accumulating metabolites

    Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE), commonly used as dry cleaning solvents and degreasers, pose an ongoing threat to human health and wildlife when spilled into groundwater. Through the injection of bioremediation products into the impacted groundwater, the chlorine atoms can be removed from these compounds in situ. ...


  • Principles and practices of enhanced anaerobic bioremediation of chlorinated solvents

    PROBLEM STATEMENTThe Department of Defense (DoD) has identified hundreds of sites where groundwater is contaminated with chlorinated solvents; these represent one of the DoD’s largest remediation liabilities. In addition to their use in many industrial processes, chlorinated solvents have historically been used for cleaning and degreasing such diverse products as aircraft engines, automobile ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents (PDF)

    Anaerobic enhancement of a shallow confined silty sand aquifer has resulted in a substantial biodegradation of a dissolved Tetrachloroethene (PCE) plume at a former metal finishing facility in Secaucus, New Jersey. The injection of a time-release hydrogen compound (HRC™) rapidly converted ambient aquifer aerobic conditions to anaerobic, and maintained such conditions throughout the 6-month ...


    By REGENESIS

  • In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents: A Case Study

    In situ bioremediation is ongoing at a former manufacturing facility in Portland, Oregon. Shallow groundwater at the site was impacted by chlorinated solvents, primarily trichloroethene and degradation products cis-1,2-dichloroethene and vinyl chloride. In situ chemical oxidation treatment was completed in 2003 via the injection of sodium permanganate in source areas. Subsequent stimulation of in ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Cost implications of hydrogen donor selection for in-situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents

    The use of enhanced anaerobic bioremediation for treatment of chlorinated solvents in groundwater has increased at a rapid rate within the past three years. Since there are a number of different hydrogen donors that can potentially be used, it is important that practitioners understand the cost implications of the hydrogen donor(s) selected for the project. A comparative economic analysis is ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • Fact Sheet: Subsurface Hydrogen Injection for the In-situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents

    AbstractIn-situ bioremediation via direct hydrogen addition has the potential to become a simple and low-cost treatment approach for sites contaminated with chlorinated solvent compounds (PCE, TCE, etc.). Based on the results of recent research, the role of hydrogen as an electron donor is now widely recognized as the key factor governing the ...


  • pH control for enhanced reductive bioremediation of chlorinated solvent source zones

    Enhanced reductive dehalogenation is an attractive treatment technology for in situ remediation of chlorinated solvent DNAPL source areas. Reductive dehalogenation is an acid-forming process with hydrochloric acid and also organic acids from fermentation of the electron donors typically building up in the source zone during remediation. This can lead to groundwater acidification thereby ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Enhanced anaerobic bioremediation of chlorinated solvents utilizing vegetable oil emulsions

    The use of vegetable oil as an electron donor to enhance the reductive dechlorination of chlorinated solvents as an in situ remediation technology is gaining significant traction. Vegetable oil is a cost-effective slow-release electron donor with greater hydrogen-release efficiency than other electron-donor products. However, neat vegetable oil can inhibit distribution in aquifers due to the oil ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • Acidity production and buffer requirements for in situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents

    Acidity production and buffer model Developed batch abiotic model in PHREEQC-2 using overall stoichiometry for reductive dechlorination Reaction is divided in steps, buffer is added as required to maintain minimum design pH Model considers: Expected extent of dechlorination Site water chemistry H2 ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Hydrogen Fact Sheet Subsurface Hydrogen Injection For the In-situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents

    In-situ bioremediation via direct hydrogen addition has the potential to become a simple and low-cost treatment approach for sites contaminated with chlorinated solvent compounds (PCE, TCE, etc.). Based on the results of recent research, the role of hydrogen as an electron donor is now widely recognized as the key factor governing the dechlorination of chlorinated compounds (Holliger et al., ...


  • pHcontrol for enhanced reductive bioremediation of chlorinated solvent source zones

    Abstract Enhanced reductive dehalogenation is an attr active treatment technology for in situ remediation of chlorinated solvent DNAPL source areas. Reductive dehalogenation is an acid-forming process with hydrochloric acid and also organic acids from fermentation of the electron donors typically building up in the source zone during remediation. This can lead to groundwater acidifica tion ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • Source area bioremediation of chlorinated solvents with edible oils emulsion

    Groundwater in a sand and gravel aquifer beneath this active manufacturing facility was contaminated with high concentrations of 1,1,1- Trichloroethane (1TCA) and cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cDCE), and their degradation products including ethene and ethane. An acclimated anaerobic microbial population was present at the site, but was limited by the availability of carbon. Emulsified edible oil was ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • Engineered approaches to in situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents: Fundamentals and field applications

    Halogenated volatile organic compounds, including chlorinated solvents, are the most frequently- occurring type of soil and groundwater contaminant at Superfund and other hazardous waste sites in the United States. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that, over the next several decades, site owners will spend billions of dollars to clean up these sites. New technologies that ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • Soil & Groundwater treatment of Chlorinated Solvents

    Project: Treated 675 Cubic Yards of Chlorinated Contaminated Soil and Groundwater Client: Operating Dry Cleaners Location: Lexington, Kentucky Scope of work: In-Situ Bioremediation Project cost: $7,575 (Included earthmoving, labor, and all bioremediation materials) Source of ...

  • Rapid in-situ bioremediation of solvents by abiotic and biotic mechanisms

    A combined abiotic/biotic field pilot study was performed at an industrial site with high concentrations of chlorinated solvents in a fractured bedrock groundwater system. The primary groundwater contaminants consist of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA) and related degradation products, including 1,1-dichloroethane (DCA), 1,1-dichloroethene (DCE), chloroethane (CA), and vinyl chloride (VC). The pilot ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • Bioaugmentation to Treat Chlorinated Solvents in Fractured Bedrock

    ABSTRACT: An in situ bioremediation pilot study was performed at a former industrial site in New Jersey where groundwater has been impacted by historical releases of chlorinated solvents. The target area for treatment is a fractured, intermediate bedrock zone. The remedial objective at the Site is to treat the groundwater while minimizing the impact of the remedial system on the re-development of ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Direct Hydrogen Addition for the In-situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents

    As a result of their widespread use as solvents, degreasers, and dry cleaning agents, chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (PCE, TCE, DCE, etc.) represent one of the most common and most persistent groups of contaminants found in groundwater. Characteristically, these compounds exist in the form of DNAPLs in the subsurface making efforts at remediation particularly difficult. In-situ bioremediation ...


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