chlorination system control Articles

  • Controlling the addition of Chlorine into a Process

    There are several methods for controlling the addition of chlorine into a process. These methods include flow proportional injection, ORP (oxidation reduction potential) or a residual chlorine analyzer. Each method measures a different process characteristic. Depending on the specific type of process being controlled, there generally is a best choice for controlling the injection of either ...


    By Walchem, Iwaki America Inc.

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • UV Minimises Risks for Major Food Retailers

    For many years, one of the UK’s largest food manufacturers has made it their business to be the best at producing all manner of bespoke cooked and raw, ready-to-eat vegetables and carbohydrates for their customers, who include chilled food manufacturers, food-to-go operators and, of course, major supermarkets. Being the best means not only complying with food quality standards set by ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Air pollution regulations drive deployment of flexible abatement solutions - Case Study

    To address the growing complexity of air pollution regulations, which have to address a multi-tiered array of local authority, national and international requirements, AirProtekt of Cambridge is offering a total package air pollution service that embraces process assessment, project design, supply of the air pollution equipment, installation and commissioning. Modern Air pollution regulations ...


    By AirProtekt Limited

  • Effect of advanced water treatment on behaviour of residual chlorine and development of chlorine control method in distribution systems

    The behaviour of residual chlorine concentration in drinking water treated by the mid-chlorination or the advanced water treatment (AWT) was investigated. The AWT removes dissolved organic matter more than the mid-chlorination, thus the rate of residual chlorine reduction is decreased. The analysis of chlorine concentration data measured by automated continuous monitoring devices revealed that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Controoling chlorine costs

    The most widespread disinfectant used in the treatment of drinking water is chlorine, which can be applied in a variety of ways. History has taught us that, in bacteriological terms, chlorinating water is a proven way of disinfecting drinking water. After all, more than 75 years have passed since chlorine was used to disinfect drinking water for the first time. Many years of experience have shown ...


  • Chlorine Theory & Measurement

    Chlorine, dissolved in liquid is one of the most effective and economical semi-killers for the treatment of water to make it potable or safe to drink. Chlorine's powerful disinfectant qualities come from its ability to bond with and destroy the outer surfaces of bacteria and viruses. Drinking water chlorination is one of the most widely used methods to safeguard chinking water supplies. In ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Sanitation Using Ozone & Chlorine

    For nearly 100 years, ozone has been used all over the world for water sanitation. It is nature’s strongest oxidizer and has a byproduct of pure oxygen. Chlorine, on the other hand, is a very effective, time-proven chemical, but is ineffective against hard-to-kill microorganisms such as cryptosporidium. It also has some unpleasant byproducts. Together, however, these two substances can ...

  • Key Operating Strategies for Chlorine Disinfection Operating Systems

    ABSTRACTChlorine has been used as a standard for disinfecting wastewater for many years. While being the standard There are many levels of automation for control of disinfection. To select the best control approach for your facility both control strategies and chlorination chemistry must be understood. Permit conditions must also be fully identified; organism concentrations and operational data. ...

  • Chlorination for Dreissena polymorpha control: old war-horse for the new pest?

    The various chlorination regimes employed in industrial cooling water systems to control Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) are illustrated. Literature data on lethal and sublethal effects of chlorination on D. polymorpha are presented and gaps in knowledge are identified. The data show that various factors can influence the chlorine tolerance of D. polymorpha, among which mussel species, mussel size, ...


  • pH control for enhanced reductive bioremediation of chlorinated solvent source zones

    Enhanced reductive dehalogenation is an attractive treatment technology for in situ remediation of chlorinated solvent DNAPL source areas. Reductive dehalogenation is an acid-forming process with hydrochloric acid and also organic acids from fermentation of the electron donors typically building up in the source zone during remediation. This can lead to groundwater acidification thereby ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Security Aspects of the Free Chlorine Vs Monochloramine Debate for Disinfection by Product Control

     Introduction: In recent years, there has been a move away from the utilization of free chlorine to maintain a residual level of disinfectant in the distribution system towards the use of monochloramine. The reason behind this change is to decrease the formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs), which are created when the free chlorine reacts with organic material in the water. The use ...

  • Pulse-Chlorination®, the Best Available Technique in Macrofouling Mitigation Using Chlorine

    In 1998, KEMA developed a new chlorination method called Pulse-Chlorination®. It enables optimal antifouling treatment with a minimum use of chlorine. This technology is based on the principle that in general mussels and clams have a re-covery period after exposure to chlorination before opening fully and restarting filtration. The method takes advantage of this recovery time by using short ...


    By Sweco Nederland BV

  • Case study - Chlorinated groundwater treatment

    Overview A Fortune 50 company implemented a remedial project to collect and treat polluted groundwater from a site in Central New York, preventing the mitigation of impacted groundwater from flowing into local waterways. An engineering and construction firm was hired to design and build an effective, efficient groundwater treatment system. Collection of the polluted water would be ...

  • Case study - Chlorinated groundwater treatment

    Problem A Fortune 50 company implemented a remedial project to collect and treat polluted groundwater from a site in Central New York, preventing the mitigation of impacted groundwater from flowing into local waterways. An engineering and construction firm was hired to design and build an effective, efficient groundwater treatment system. Collection of the polluted water would be done ...

  • Chlorinated solvents: methylene chloride and TCE

    Introduction This paper presents the results of a scaled and phased approach to source remediation of high concentrations of recalcitrant chlorinated solvent compounds via soil vapor extraction (SVE) and vapor treatment at a Site in Southern California. Phase I began with refrigerated condensation (C3) in order to achieve high mass removal rates to reduce lifecycle costs and time ...

  • Chlorine gas protection - Case Study

    Application As part of a scheme to bring safe drinking water to 1.5 million people in Omdurman City, part of Greater Khartoum, Biwater International was appointed by the Government of Sudan to undertake a major turnkey design and construction project. Chlorine is the conventional means of water disinfection, so Biwater brought in ERG to design and manufacture the emergency gas ...

  • From Gas to Liquid: Large-Scale Chlorination System Conversion

    Abstract A number of wastewater treatment facilities using gas disinfection have decided to convert to liquid disinfection for several reasons including safety, regulatory, security, and economic factors. An optimal technology plan should be developed to facilitate the conversion. This presentation provides a case study of a large chlorine disinfection system, and demonstrates key issues of ...

  • 9 key parameters for the Chlorine and Soda production industry

    Large-scale production of chlorine involves several steps and many pieces of equipment. The plant also simultaneously produces sodium hydroxide (caustic soda)hydrogen gas. A typical plant consists of brine production/treatment, cell operations, chlorine cooling & drying, chlorine compression & liquefaction, liquid chlorine storage & loading, caustic handling, evaporation, storage ...


    By AquaGas Pty Ltd

  • De-chlorination Application – Proctor and Gamble, NC., USA.

    Hanovia Photon UV Systems. Installation Date 2001 System Configuration – Two Hanovia Photon PMD320G4 Dechlorination and Disinfection Systems, complete with Certified UVC Lamps, Validated UV Monitors, Lamp Power Switching, UV Dose Control, and optional Quartz Sleeve Automatic Wipers. Variable Flow: Up to 180 usgpm (40.9m3/hr) per stream Water Quality: Pre R.O. filtered city ...

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