chlorine cylinder Articles

  • Chlorine gas protection - Case Study

    Application As part of a scheme to bring safe drinking water to 1.5 million people in Omdurman City, part of Greater Khartoum, Biwater International was appointed by the Government of Sudan to undertake a major turnkey design and construction project. Chlorine is the conventional means of water disinfection, so Biwater brought in ERG to design and manufacture the emergency gas ...

  • Comparing the Realities of Elemental Chlorine vs. Sodium Hypochlorite

    Recently, we have seen a growing trend towards the use of a less reliable and more costly disinfection chemical, Sodium Hypochlorite. Much of this can be attributed to the fact that large companies making chemical metering pumps for other uses or other alternative disinfection devices as well as chemical suppliers who profit more by selling costly Sodium Hypochlorite have proliferated misleading ...


  • Chlorine Dioxide gas detection: A comprehensive guide

    Introduction Some years agoago, the bleaching process in the paper industry was changed from using Chlorine (Cl2) as bleaching agent to Chlorine dioxide (ClO2). This was a challenge forThis posed a major challenge to industrial hygienists, as there were no sensors or detectors available that were specific to Chlorine dioxide: There was no sensor technology for gas detectors available that ...

  • Case study - Emergency equipment for the absorption of chlorine in hospitals

    Chlorine is a strong oxidant that in normal conditions and in its pure state formsdichlorine, a toxic gas with a yellow-greenish colour formed by diatomic molecules (Cl2) that are about 2.5 times heavier than air and have an unpleasant smell. Among its multiple applications and due to its powerful oxidising nature, it is widely used forwater purificationin sewage treatment plants and as ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • From Gas to Liquid: Large-Scale Chlorination System Conversion

    Abstract A number of wastewater treatment facilities using gas disinfection have decided to convert to liquid disinfection for several reasons including safety, regulatory, security, and economic factors. An optimal technology plan should be developed to facilitate the conversion. This presentation provides a case study of a large chlorine disinfection system, and demonstrates key issues of ...

  • Officials Reduce Chlorine Hazard After EIS Exercise Reveals Potential Danger to Ft. Lewis` Neighbors

    Untitled Document The Challenge: Recently, the LEPC used EIS to ...


    By IHS

  • Field Detection of Chlorinated Alkenes in Well Water using the FROG-4000 Portable GC - Case Study

    Introduction Defiant’s FROG 4000, a portable GCPID system, was used to identify and determine the concentration of chlorinated alkenes in several extraction wells located in Tacoma Washington. Split samples were taken at each well and sent to an offsite lab for analysis. This case study examines the field exercise and highlights the high degree of agreement between the offsite lab and ...


    By Northern ANI Solutions Ltd.

  • Making a business case for mixed oxidants

    FOR YEARS, Prestonsburg, Ky., treated its water with chlorine gas stored on-site in several 1-ton cylinders. Several times a year, a box truck or open trailer would drive through town to deliver chlorine gas cylinders to the treatment plant. The 3.5-mgd facility lies in a residential area next to a middle school and a quarter mile from a nursing home, so transporting and storing the hazardous ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Residual maintenance and DBP reduction in a distribution system with long detention times

    The Cedar Knox Rural Water Project, in Northern Cedar and Knox counties, Nebraska, needed to reduce the formation of Total Trihalomethanes (TTHMs) while maintaining a chlorine residual at the farthest reaches of the distribution system. The water project serves four communities and 721 hookups with a total of 3,200 customers in Northeast Nebraska. The source for drinking water is the Lewis and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Grundfos reference – disinfection case study

    First SELCOPERM unit installed within the Czech Republic to serve for potable water disinfection through the electrical chlorination method ŽLUTICE, Czech Republic: 1/3 of the total capacity of the waterworks at Žlutice has been designed for supplying drinking water to a group of communities found within the catchment area of Žlutice (approximate population of 14,000), the remaining 2/3 ...


  • ClorTec™ On-site Disinfection Helps Ensure Safety at British Columbia Water Treatment Facility

    Constructed in 1997, the District of Chetwynd Water Treatment Plant (British Columbia, Canada) treats nearly 2,500 cubic meters of water per day using gas chlorination as its primary form of drinking water disinfection. With recent concerns about the safety of chlorine gas, including potential eye, skin and respiratory irritation and the risk of death with high exposure, the district elected ...


    By De Nora Water Technologies

  • ClorTec® An Operational Profile of a Pennsylvania Water Treatment Plant’s On-site Hypochlorite Generating System

    For more than 30 years, on-site generation of sodium hypochlorite has been a key process in water treatment for municipal and industrial applications. The benefits of the on-site generation process over chlorine gas and bulk hypochlorite have been well documented and include: Eliminate bulk storage of hazardous chemicals Reduce risk to plant personnel because of drastically eliminate hazardous ...


    By De Nora Water Technologies

  • Performance of a conventional surface water plant using mixed-oxidants for microflocculation and final disinfection

    The City of Santa Fe, NM utilizes both surface water and well water to achieve a system-wide peak production of 22 million gallons per day (MGD). In March 1998, the city incorporated MIOX mixedoxidant disinfection technology for pre-treatment and final disinfection of the water treated in an 8 MGD surface water plant. Concurrently, a filter backwash recycling system was installed as well as ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Standard quality valves available forcompressed gas and welding industry

    Small, medium or large scale industries all can be befitted with unique, innovative and premium quality valves provided by Evergreen Midwest Co. Other products includeregulators,fittings, adapters, cryogenic valves, transfer hoses and accessories. There are various kinds of valves available like the ammonia, CNG, Gate, chlorine valve, check packed, cylinder valves, ...


  • Pulp and Paper Mills Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Profile of Ozone/Bromine Sanitation Systems for City of Tucson Municipal Pools

    Due to the inherent risks associated with the use of chlorine gas as a sanitizer for the City of Tucson’s twenty-six municipal swimming pool sites, I found myself in search of an alternative water sanitation method. The challenge was clear; find a system that would be safer to manage than gas chlorine, yet yield the same favorable sanitation and water quality results. Since all the sites ...

  • Hot springs swimming pool: Glenwood Springs, Colorado case study

    Ozone Water Treatment, Color Removal and Ozone Purification In 1991, the Hot Springs Pool and Lodge Resort installed a DIN-Standard ozonation system for treating the world’s largest hot springs-fed swimming pool. The following main reasons were responsible for this decision: The suppliers of gaseous chlorine had dwindled down to a single source, as it had become ...


    By BiOzone

  • How to decifer government laws for refrigerant gases (R-22 HCFCs)

    Refrigerant Gas Regulations for R-22 HCFCs: How the Government Mandates Monitoring and TrackingThe U.S. Clean Air Act is a regulation that spells out the EPA's role in air quality, especially in protecting the ozone layer and the tracking and reporting of Greenhouse Gases. The Act is maintained by the House of Representatives. The Clean Air Act has had changes made in the 1990s and again in 2008 ...


    By Verisae

  • Wind-driven SVE system extracts VOCs from landfill

    An innovative soil vapor extraction (SVE) system has operated at the former Ferdula Landfill site in Frankfort, NY, for the past 10 years. The system relies on wind-driven vacuum processes rather than electrically powered air blowers to extract volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the landfill. After a two-year trial beginning in 1998, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation ...

  • Gas safety in confined spaces

    A confined space is any space large enough for someone to enter and perform assigned work, which has limited means of entry or exit, and which is not designed for continuous worker occupancy. This covers just about every industry, including utilities, construction, hydrocarbon exploration and processing, petrochemicals, marine, agriculture, food processing and ...

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