chlorine dioxide generation Articles

  • Chlorine Dioxide gas detection: A comprehensive guide

    Introduction Some years agoago, the bleaching process in the paper industry was changed from using Chlorine (Cl2) as bleaching agent to Chlorine dioxide (ClO2). This was a challenge forThis posed a major challenge to industrial hygienists, as there were no sensors or detectors available that were specific to Chlorine dioxide: There was no sensor technology for gas detectors available that ...

  • Reference: Clever water recycling with chlorine dioxide

    Vapour water at the Crailsheim-Dinkelsbühl dairy is disinfected and then returned to the production process by means of a chlorine dioxide system. The great news is that this significantly reduces water consumption and operating costs. Fewer costs The 160 members of staff at the diary "Milchwerk Crailsheim-Dinkelsbühl eG" process around 130,000 tonnes of milk a year, ...

  • Using RuO2 anode for chlorine dioxide production in an un-divided electrochemical cell

    Chlorine dioxide is a well known powerful disinfectant. Although there are several chemical and electrochemical methods developed for on-line chlorine dioxide generation, the details are mostly confined as patents. We studied in this work the electrochemical generation of dissolved chlorine dioxide from an un-buffered solution of sodium chlorite and sodium chloride mixture in an un-divided ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Elemental chlorine free kraft pulp bleaching and chlorine dioxide scrubbing

    Chlorine Dioxide - CIO2 Scrubber Packing at Kraft Pulp Mills Elemental Chlorine Free - ECF - bleaching of wood pulp using Chlorine Dioxide, CIO2, as the primary bleaching agent eliminates dioxin emissions. This is a reflection of the fact that as a bleaching agent CIO2 is 10 times more reactive than elemental Chlorine, Ck. As a powerful oxidizing agent CIO2 must be generated on site - ...


    By Raschig USA Inc.

  • From Gas to Liquid: Large-Scale Chlorination System Conversion

    Abstract A number of wastewater treatment facilities using gas disinfection have decided to convert to liquid disinfection for several reasons including safety, regulatory, security, and economic factors. An optimal technology plan should be developed to facilitate the conversion. This presentation provides a case study of a large chlorine disinfection system, and demonstrates key issues of ...

  • Utilisation of landfill gas for the generation of energy

    The gases in landfill sites that develop during degradation processes, largely contribute to the greenhouse effect and additionally harbour considerable safety and health hazards. However, they are also often rich in methane and therefore a potential energy carrier. In many countries much of this potential for the generation of electricity and heat from landfill gas still exists. Furthermore, ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • In Situ Chemical Oxidation Remediation Pilot Study Of A Karst Bedrock Aquifer Contaminated With Chlorinated Solvents

    ABSTRACT A pilot study to evaluate an innovative in situ treatment technology was implemented at Letterkenny Army Depot, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, for a limestone bedrock aquifer contaminated with chlorinated solvents. This technology destroys VOCs in groundwater, utilizing a network of injection points to deliver a solution of hydrogen peroxide (50%), catalysts, and surfactants. The ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Genotoxicity and effects of nanosilver contamination in drinking water disinfection

    This study was conducted to examine the genotoxicity and the influence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) contamination when drinking water is exposed to five different disinfection treatments: chlorine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, ozone/chlorine and ozone/chlorine dioxide. Experiments were conducted with water samples of different chemical composition, from three water supply systems in Croatia. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Oxidized fulvic acid adsorption on activated carbon

    This study evaluates and compares the parameters of equilibrium adsorption from aqueous solutions of river fulvic acids (FA) and peat fulvic acids. Compared to peat FA, the river FA had lower biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC). We observed a tendency for correlation between change of Gibbs free energy of adsorption and BDOC value. A chlorination dose of 1.4 mg L−1 did not ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical inactivation of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus

    Water disinfection usually requires expensive chemicals or equipment. Chlorination is a common disinfection method, although it is not able to inactivate all pathogens. High concentrations of residual chlorine also cause an unpleasant taste and smell in drinking water. As an alternative, photocatalysis and photoelectrochemical treatment has a high disinfection potential in drinking water by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biocidal Products Regulation - White Paper

    The European Biocidal Products Regulation (Regulation (EU) No. 528/2012) stipulates that biocidal products may only be made available and used on the market if they are certified in accordance with this regulation. Unlike the previous biocidal products legislation, so-called “in-situ” procedures such as electrolysis, chlorine dioxide and ozone now also fall under this certification ...

  • A Four Channel Gas Detector for Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Common hazardous gases found in wastewater treatment plant facilities are hydrogen sulphide, methane, ammonia, carbon monoxide, chlorine and oxygen deficiency. Some facilities may also use ozone, chlorine dioxide or sodium hypochlorite with the chlorine during the sanitization treatment process. Furthermore, sulphur dioxide is often used to de-chlorinate the water once the treatment process is ...

  • Correlations between surrogate nitrogenous organic precursors and C-, N-DBP formation

    Nitrosamines have been emerging as disinfection byproducts in drinking water using source water impacted with domestic wastewaters. Nitrogenous organic compounds are suggested as precursors of nitrosamines, but many of them have not been identified. This study investigated the correlations between nine selected nitrogenous organic compounds with different characteristics and corresponding ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Caustic soda production from green liquor using the Green Liquor Splitting (GLS) system

    A fixed-resin bed system employing an amphoteric ion-exchange resin was used to separate green liquor from a kraft mill into sodium hydrosulphide-rich and sodium carbonate/hydroxide-rich components. Depending on the conditions used, the separation efficiencies ranged from 80 to 96% for sodium hydrosulphide. 90 to 95% for sodium carbonate and 74 to 92% for sodium hydroxide. Three possible ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Pulp and Paper Mills Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • The Use Of UV For Dechlorination

    For many years chemical disinfection techniques have been used to provide microbiologically pure water for industrial and domestic use. Free chlorine, typically introduced by municipal water treatment plants in gaseous form, has been employed for many decades as a primary oxidising agent for the control of microbiological growth. Free chlorine can also be introduced through the injection of ...

  • The advantages and benefits of aerobic cometabolism

    Aerobic metabolism yields the energy-transferring molecule TPA at a much higher rate than anaerobic metabolism. The higher energy yield produces a greater viable population. The oxygenase enzymes involved in the cometabolism of chlorinated solvents are not induced by the presence of contaminants, so a high microbial population has a proportionately high yield of oxygenase enzymes. Aerobic ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Chloramines

    OVERVIEW When chlorine is added to a water supply containing certain organics, the formation of halogenated organics occurs. Called 'trihalogenated methanes' (THM's) these reaction products are suspected carcinogens and maximum allowable limits in municipal supplies are imposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). To reduce the potential for the formation of THM's, many U.S. ...

  • NOx Scrubbing Technology Breakthrough

    Pacific Rim Design and Development and Dupont are proud to introduce a technology breakthrough in the treatment and safe elimination of problematic nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ).  There are six forms of nitrogen oxide (NOx); the drawings to the right show the two most problematic forms.  These two are of particular interest because they are identified as atmospheric ...


  • A Layman`s Guide to Inorganic and Organic Contaminant Removal by Standard Filtration Methods

    Plant operators, maintenance engineers and mechanics, specifying engineers, installation technicians, and others involved in inorganic and organic contaminant removal are oftentimes called upon to choose and apply filtration solutions. To best make these decisions, it is helpful to review information and updated insight on basic filtration technologies, along with their advantages and ...


    By Shelco Filters

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