chlorine electrolysis Articles

  • The effect of electrolysis and oxidation–reduction potential on microbial survival, growth, and disinfection

    A study of the effects of changes in oxidation–reduction potential (ORP) in synthetic waters on bacterial growth is presented. In this study, ORP is altered by electrolysis, as opposed to the traditional use of oxidising chemicals. As synthetic halide-free water was used no oxidised halide species such as chlorine or bromine were formed. Bacterial survival was directly correlated with changes in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On-Site Chlorine Generation Feasibility Study

     ABSTRACT Gaseous chlorine has been effectively used for disinfection in drinking water and wastewater treatment for decades. While various regulatory programs have placed numerous restrictions on the uses of this chemical due to its hazardous nature, recent focus on the possibility of a terrorist attack at a drinking water or wastewater facility, has underscored the potential hazard ...

  • Development of point-of-use water disinfection technology using ceramic water filter and electrochemical hybrid system

    The efficiency of water disinfection using a ceramic water filter and electrochemical hybrid system was investigated. Escherichia coli O157:H7 was effectively inactivated even when a storage battery, charged using a solar panel device, was used for the electrolysis process. During electrolysis, the rate of microbial inactivation was higher at higher initial Cl− ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electrochlorination system: a unique method of prevention of biofouling in seawater desalination

    Desalination plants require huge volumes of seawater for the generation of fresh water. Seawater contains large amounts of microbiological fluids which, when passed through the piping system, form biofouling in the inner surface of the pipeline, which results in the reduction of the flow rate of water without proper chemical treatment. Chlorine is the most commonly used disinfectant for water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biocidal Products Regulation - White Paper

    The European Biocidal Products Regulation (Regulation (EU) No. 528/2012) stipulates that biocidal products may only be made available and used on the market if they are certified in accordance with this regulation. Unlike the previous biocidal products legislation, so-called “in-situ” procedures such as electrolysis, chlorine dioxide and ozone now also fall under this certification ...

  • Electrochemical oxidation of m-cresol purple dye in aqueous media

    The present investigation showed that the indicator dye m-cresol purple (mCP) was degraded in a laboratory scale, undivided electrolysis cell system. A platinum anode was used for generation of chlorine in the dye solution. The influence of supporting electrolyte, applied voltage, pH, initial dye concentration and temperature were studied. The ultraviolet-visible spectra of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Degradation mechanism of Methyl Orange by electrochemical process on RuOx–PdO/Ti electrode

    The electrochemical degradation of Methyl Orange in 0.1 M NaCl solution over RuOx–PdO/Ti anode was investigated. Chemical oxygen demand (COD), ion chromatography (IC), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) were employed to detect the intermediates formed during the electrochemical degradation. In the present reaction system, Methyl Orange ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation

    AbstractIn this manuscript the on-site generation of sodium hypochorite for water and wastewater disinfection will be examined. The objective of this paper is to familiarize the reader with the equipment and operational requirements necessary for on-site sodium hypochlorite generation systems. This manuscript will review the following topics relative to on-site generation systems: Understand the ...

  • Biofilm Control for Industrial Waters

    Industrial operations can face a number of serious problems due to bacterial Biofilms growing in process water systems and cooling tower waters. Biofilm-induced corrosion, mechanical blockages and impedance of heat transfer processes result in huge monetary losses each year. In engineered systems, additional risks of biofilm-mediated contamination include negative public health consequences and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Biofilm control strategies in industrial processing waters

    Bacterial biofilms cause a number of serious problems for industrial fluid processing operations. Mechanical blockages, impedance of heat transfer processes and microbially induced corrosion result in billions of dollars of losses each year. In engineered systems, such as cooling water systems, food processing, and other industrial applications possible risk to public health and product spoilage ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Award Winning Large Diameter FRP Stacks For Magnesium Extraction Plant

    When Fabricated Plastics Limited of Maple (Toronto), Ontario, Canada was awarded a contract by a world renowned Mining/Metallurgical Company, it proved to be a chance to exhibit their engineering excellence in several ways. First they had to demonstrate that their proposed use of Fibreglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) was clearly the material of choice in competition with other materials. Then they ...


    By Fabricated Plastics Limited

  • Failing Brine Piping Replaced at World`s Largest Ion Exchange Membrane Plant

    Fabricated Plastics Limited is headquartered in Maple, Ontario, located on the northern outskirts of Toronto. One of North America's largest custom composite and dual laminate fabrication companies. Fabricated Plastics is dynamic, energetic, creative and resourceful. Engineering design, problem solving and fabrication are world class with the result that Fabricated Plastics is frequently invited ...


    By Fabricated Plastics Limited

  • BioLargo’s “Lowest Cost - Highest Impact” Clean Water Technology Positioned To Save Maritime Operators Billions

    Beginning this year and continuing over the next 5 years, the International MaritimeOrganization and the U.S. Coast Guard are requiring an estimated 65,000 ships over 400 gross tons to be fitted with approved Ballast Water Treatment Systems, “BWTS”. ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • Electrokinetic Separation

    Introduction The principle of electrokinetic remediation relies upon application of a low-intensity direct current through the soil between ceramic electrodes that are divided into a cathode array and an anode array. This mobilizes charged species, causing ions and water to move toward the electrodes. Metal ions, ammonium ions, and positively charged organic compounds move toward the cathode. ...

  • BioLargo`s AOS Filter Wins `Technology Star Award` - New Technology Magazine -The First Word on Oil Patch Innovation

    Advanced disinfectant technology developer sets sights on oil and gas applications A small publicly-listed Santa Ana, Calif.–based company that is developing water purification and advanced disinfectant technologies, all using some form of iodine, sees one of its Edmonton-developed technologies as a way to clean up and even eliminate oilsands mining tailings ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • 2015 North American Water Treatment New Product Innovation Award

    Background and Company Performance Industry Challenges Tertiary and advanced wastewater treatment (WWT) is one of three stages in the cleaning of wastewater generated by the municipal and industrial sectors. Building on and improving upon the results of treatment through initial primary and secondary WWT stages alone, tertiary treatment is performed prior to waste ...


    By Frost & Sullivan

  • Falling Oil Price Forces Operators to Find Cost Savings in Water Management

    When oil prices were 80 to 100 dollars per barrel, water management costs were high, but they were tolerable when money was flowing profitably. However, as today’s falling price nears 40 dollars, water related costs are still high and only exacerbate widespread industry losses. The 150 US-based companies tracked by Oil & Gas Journal and Oil & Gas Financial Journal reported that ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • Neuthox improves the water quality by removing unwanted bacteria - Case Study

    NEUTHOX removes biofilm in cooling tower and leaves the water system completely free of unwanted bacteria Using an electrolysis process of saltwater the ECA generator produces the liquid NEUTHOX, which contains hypochlorous acid, and is highly efficient in eliminating bacteria. A biofilm consists of living and dead organic and inorganic material collected on a surface, which in ...

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