chlorine free disinfection solution Articles

  • Ultraviolet Light Oxidation of Free-Chlorine in Water

    Chlorine is the most frequently used chemical for water disinfection. Many industrial and commercial manufacturing facilities cannot tolerate the introduction of chlorine into the process because of contamination and unwanted chemical reactions. Chlorine affects the flavour and odour of drinks and fluids, accelerates corrosion on process vessels and piping, and can also damage delicate process ...

  • Inactivation of Cryptosporidium Parvum oocysts and Clostridium Perfringens spores by a mixed-oxidant disinfectant and by free Chlorine

    Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts and Clostridium perfringens spores are very resistant to chlorine and other drinking-water disinfectants. Clostridium perfringens spores have been suggested as a surrogate indicator of disinfectant activity against Cryptosporidium parvum and other hardy pathogens in water. In this study, an alternative disinfection system consisting of an electrochemically produced ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Free radical destruction of haloacetamides in aqueous solution

    Haloacetamides are disinfection byproducts (DBPs) formed through chlorine/chloramine disinfection processes in drinking waters and have been recently highlighted in the US national Reconnaissance Survey. These species occur at low concentrations, but have been determined to have high cytotoxicity and mutagenicity and therefore may represent a human health hazard. Advanced oxidation/reduction ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ultraviolet disinfection systems, the best solution to school swimming pools

    School swimming pools are a valuable asset, and are now present in the majority of high schools and higher education facilities throughout the UK.  Whilst school pools vary in size, shape and usage, many school swimming facilities are facing a common dilemma in their water disinfection strategy.  Existing treatment regimes are often badly designed, under sized or simply outdated, which ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Performic acid for advanced wastewater disinfection

    The disinfection efficiency of performic acid (PFA) against various microbial contaminants has been studied in municipal secondary effluent. The study demonstrated that PFA provides rapid, efficient and safe disinfection, degrading both bacteria and viruses even at low doses. The resistance order starting from the most resistant microorganism is as follows: MS2-coliphages > DNA-coliphages ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Benefits Of UV Disinfection In The Pharmaceutical Industry

    The quality standards required for purified water in the production of pharmaceuticals have never been stricter, with manufacturers having to conform to an ever increasing number of international standards. Craig Howarth, Managing Director of Hanovia Limited, introduces a number of interesting new developments in UV technology for disinfection and dechlorination. ...

  • Mixed Oxidants show disinfection benefits for municipalities

    “The most significant advantage over gas chlorination or hypochlorination is an ability to maintain chlorine residuals further along the water distribution system, due to better biofilm removal. Other noted advantages of mixed oxidants are ease of operation with self-cleaning electrolytic cell on-site generators, fewer safety issues in comparison to gas chlorination, and lower costs ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Biocidal Poly(styrenehydantoin) beads for disinfection of water

    Introduction Work in these laboratories since 1980 has focused on the development of novel biocidal N-halamine derivatives. 1 Water-soluble cyclic N-halamine derivatives such as 1,3-dihalo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin and halogenated isocyanurates (e.g., Trichlor and Dichlor) have been employed as biocides for industrial and recreational water uses for many years, but the water-soluble ...


    By DelAgua Group

  • Optimal use of chlorine in water distribution networks based on specific locations of booster chlorination: analyzing conditions in Mexico

    Water distribution networks (WDNs) could present problems of pathogen intrusion that affect the health of consumers. One solution to diminish this risk is to add more disinfectant to the water at the drinking water treatment plant (DWTP). However, this increases the cost of water treatment and may also cause the formation of trihalomethanes. Mexico has the largest bottled water market in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factors Affecting Cyanide Generation in Chlorinated Wastewater Effluent Matrix

    ABSTRACTFalse positives for cyanide analysis in wastewaters have been reported. We examined the effects of storage time at high pH and of pH adjustments on the cyanide levels. Cyanide levels changed within the holding time allowed by Standard Methods. We also studied the difference in cyanide levels using two disinfection conditions -- breakpoint chlorination and chloramination. Glycine was used ...

  • Bacteria-free water - without the use of toxic chemicals - Case Study

    Aarhus University Hospital fought against Legionella bacteria – and won Legionella bacteria thrives in all hot-water supplies and Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov felt the problem firsthand. With the ECA generator from Danish Clean Water A/S they managed to significantly reduce the bacteria and thereby minimizing risks concerning Legionella. Virtually all hospitals, ...

  • Efficient generation of mixed oxidant disinfectants: parametric study on electrode materials and operating conditions

    Electrochemical disinfection is an efficient method used for treatment of drinking water. It has great environmental compatibility as compared to conventional disinfection methods. In this study, the effects of the electrode materials and working conditions were investigated. The experimental results show that the type 1 (iridium oxide-coated anode and cathode) electrode system generated a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • San Jose Water Company Solves Chloramine Residual Problem with the Process Solutions, Inc. Monoclor Chloramine Management System

    Located on the southern edge of California’s ever-expanding Silicon Valley, the San Jose Water Company treats and distributes water to over 1 million people. Founded in 1866, the investor-owned public utility has built a reputation for being focused on customer service and has been an early adopter of new treatment Technologies. Like many water utilities, San Jose Water has had to adapt to ...

  • East Bay Municipal Utility District Successfully Manages Chloramine Residual in Ten Million Gallon Reservoir with the Process Solutions, Inc. Monoclor Chloramine Management System

    Located on the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay, the East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) treats and distributes water to over 1.3 million customers in Alameda and Contra Costa counties. As one of the largest utility districts in California, EBMUD is a leader in the water industry’s water quality, conservation and sustainability efforts. EBMUD chloraminates water prior to ...

  • Watalys, safe water anywhere !

    WATALYS® from BULANE, a Swiss company is a small portable device which, by electrolysing salt water, enables the production of a chlorinebased disinfectant solution (sodium hypochlorite), which conforms to WHO standards. WATALYS® reduces the costs of disinfection by a factor of ten, and at the same time, frees populations of the need to purchase and store chlorine, by producing it in situ and on ...


  • West Columbia, SC, municipal drinking water

    The Lake Murray Water Treatment Plant (LMWTP) in West Columbia, S.C., was dedicated in 1991 with a capacity of 6 million gal per day (mgd). With upgrades completed in 2007, the plant has a current capacity of 22.5 mgd. Most of the water from LMWTP is sold; 19% of the water is distributed to the system for which the LMWTP management and staff is responsible. 0In the early 1990s, the water ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Plant for the Istanbul waterworks

    Shock chlorination for a water quantity of 55,000 m³/h! This is the result of a large project carried out by Grundfos Alldos for the city of Istanbul together with Durko as the local representative.The background: the municipal waterworks of the Turkish metropolis draw their raw water from a local lake. The water is routed from there to the various waterworks for treatment.To enable problem-free ...


  • Removing Chloramines from Drinking Water Supplies

    Historically, most public water supplies have been treated with chlorine to satisfy the standards set by the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. Since being established, there is reason to believe that the standards may be too lenient on the allowable contaminant levels in our drinking water. For instance, chlorine and other disinfectants react with organic matter creating ...


    By General Carbon Corp.

  • The Use Of UV For Dechlorination

    For many years chemical disinfection techniques have been used to provide microbiologically pure water for industrial and domestic use. Free chlorine, typically introduced by municipal water treatment plants in gaseous form, has been employed for many decades as a primary oxidising agent for the control of microbiological growth. Free chlorine can also be introduced through the injection of ...

  • Chlorites Control in European Drinking Water Treatment Plants

    ABSTRACT The paper reports initial results for experiments carried out at Fortore drinking water treatment plant aimed at controlling chlorites. Research was performed in parallel with a full-scale drinking water plant (Fortore, Italy) and a pilot plant at Mosina water treatment plant which supplies potable water to the city of Poznań (Poland). Both plants operated with pre-disinfection ...

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