chlorine handling equipment Articles

  • Case study - Emergency equipment for the absorption of chlorine in hospitals

    Chlorine is a strong oxidant that in normal conditions and in its pure state formsdichlorine, a toxic gas with a yellow-greenish colour formed by diatomic molecules (Cl2) that are about 2.5 times heavier than air and have an unpleasant smell. Among its multiple applications and due to its powerful oxidising nature, it is widely used forwater purificationin sewage treatment plants and as ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Controoling chlorine costs

    The most widespread disinfectant used in the treatment of drinking water is chlorine, which can be applied in a variety of ways. History has taught us that, in bacteriological terms, chlorinating water is a proven way of disinfecting drinking water. After all, more than 75 years have passed since chlorine was used to disinfect drinking water for the first time. Many years of experience have shown ...


  • Sanitation Using Ozone & Chlorine

    For nearly 100 years, ozone has been used all over the world for water sanitation. It is nature’s strongest oxidizer and has a byproduct of pure oxygen. Chlorine, on the other hand, is a very effective, time-proven chemical, but is ineffective against hard-to-kill microorganisms such as cryptosporidium. It also has some unpleasant byproducts. Together, however, these two substances can ...

  • 9 key parameters for the Chlorine and Soda production industry

    Large-scale production of chlorine involves several steps and many pieces of equipment. The plant also simultaneously produces sodium hydroxide (caustic soda)hydrogen gas. A typical plant consists of brine production/treatment, cell operations, chlorine cooling & drying, chlorine compression & liquefaction, liquid chlorine storage & loading, caustic handling, evaporation, storage ...


    By AquaGas Pty Ltd

  • Ultraviolet Light Oxidation of Free-Chlorine in Water

    Chlorine is the most frequently used chemical for water disinfection. Many industrial and commercial manufacturing facilities cannot tolerate the introduction of chlorine into the process because of contamination and unwanted chemical reactions. Chlorine affects the flavour and odour of drinks and fluids, accelerates corrosion on process vessels and piping, and can also damage delicate process ...

  • Elemental Chlorine-Free (ECF): Pollution Prevention for the Pulp and Paper Industry

    Imagine being in charge of a chemical company. One day a fire breaks out, and an employee, designated as a first responder, is killed fighting the blaze. Then OSHA investigators discover that the man died primarily because both his training and his equipment were inadequate. This scenario is why CPL 2-2.59A should put anyone who runs a HAZMAT facility into a state of introspection. These ...

  • Re-agent dosing - Sodimate installs standardised equipment to meet the specifications of each plant case study

    Water quality refining is the most essential step in water treatment processes. When done properly, it guarantees palatable taste characteristics suitable for drinking water. The reliability and accuracy of the processes for storing, metering, and dissolving the required re-agents are indispensible for successfully completing this final treatment. Outlined below is a case story about Viry- ...


    By Sodimate, Inc

  • The Use Of UV For Dechlorination

    For many years chemical disinfection techniques have been used to provide microbiologically pure water for industrial and domestic use. Free chlorine, typically introduced by municipal water treatment plants in gaseous form, has been employed for many decades as a primary oxidising agent for the control of microbiological growth. Free chlorine can also be introduced through the injection of ...

  • Waterworks Essbio, Chile

    For the waterworks in Essbio, Chile, Grundfos Alldos developed a decentralized, computer aided disinfection system networked with the entire system of the La Mochita waterworks. The 600.000 inhabitants of ConcepciĆ³n are supplied with treated water from a river. The water is decontaminated with chlorine gas for economical reasons and for better handling. Exact dosing minimizes the consumption. The ...


  • Pharmaceutical / Personal care product manufacturer promotes quality standards

    Challenge Pharmaceuticol manufacturers demand high qualify water with the fewest dissolved solids possible, to promote product consistency. A Canadian manufacturer of pharmaceutical/personal core products was looking to maintain water quality specifications to promote product consistency and improve product shelf life. First the source water for the manufacturing plont comes from ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • Profile of Ozone/Bromine Sanitation Systems for City of Tucson Municipal Pools

    Due to the inherent risks associated with the use of chlorine gas as a sanitizer for the City of Tucson’s twenty-six municipal swimming pool sites, I found myself in search of an alternative water sanitation method. The challenge was clear; find a system that would be safer to manage than gas chlorine, yet yield the same favorable sanitation and water quality results. Since all the sites ...

  • The Light at the End of the Tunnel - How to Successfully Operate a UV Disinfection System

    ABSTRACTOver the past ten years, ultraviolet (UV) technology has become a commonly applied method of disinfecting of wastewater effluent. UV disinfection involves passing wastewater effluent through a confined chamber with rows of underwater lamps emitting UV energy. Viruses and bacteria become inactivated upon exposure to dosages of UV energy, thereby disinfecting the wastewater. The UV system ...

  • Chloramines

    OVERVIEW When chlorine is added to a water supply containing certain organics, the formation of halogenated organics occurs. Called 'trihalogenated methanes' (THM's) these reaction products are suspected carcinogens and maximum allowable limits in municipal supplies are imposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). To reduce the potential for the formation of THM's, many U.S. ...

  • Cleaning mold containing surfaces

    Once a determination is made that a moldy surface can be cleaned instead of removed or demolished, what cleaning agents are effective in removing or killing the mold? Many factors influence the selection of a cleaning agent. 1). The type of surface to be cleaned: Is it porous? Hard such as cement or sheetrock? Soft, such as cloth, fabric or wallpaper? Absorbent and thick such as rugs, ...

  • The Control of pH and Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) in Cooling Tower Applications

    The importance of keeping cooling tower water in proper chemical balance is becoming clearer. Cooling tower treatment control systems can limit scale formation to improve efficiency, limit corrosion to increase the service life of the cooling water system, and maintain a residual halogen level to reduce liability associated with biological growth, particularly Legionellae.   The use of ...


    By Walchem, Iwaki America Inc.

  • Northern Indiana Power, NIPSCO cooling tower

    A new onsite mixed oxidant system at the R.M. Schahfer Generating Station of Northern Indiana Public Service Co. (NIPSCO) in Wheatfield, IN, has yielded substantial treatment chemical cost savings and improved summer operation compared to the control unit cooling tower. NIPSCO, an electric and gas utility and subsidiary of NiSource Inc., was approached about the system during a biannual ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Investigating Steam Application for Reducing Foaming in Activated Sludge Systems

    Filamentous foam, the dispersion of gas bubbles that creates a dense brown scum layer on the surface of activated sludge basins and secondary clarifiers, is caused by the predominance of mycolic acid-containing actinomycetes, such as Gordonia amarae (formerly Nocardia amarae) and the filament Microthrix parvicella. The accumulation of foam causes a variety of operational, safety, and aesthetic ...

  • Case study - Paint mixing

    Overview A company involved in the automotive aftermarket had a paint batch mixing and filling operation that used primers and fillers. They were faced with installing air pollution control equipment to handle the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by the solvents used in their processes. An independent consultant had determined that total exhaust volume from the facility was ...

  • The Benefits Of UV Disinfection In The Pharmaceutical Industry

    The quality standards required for purified water in the production of pharmaceuticals have never been stricter, with manufacturers having to conform to an ever increasing number of international standards. Craig Howarth, Managing Director of Hanovia Limited, introduces a number of interesting new developments in UV technology for disinfection and dechlorination. ...

  • Co-Metabolic Processes

    Introduction: Co-metabolism is one form of secondary substrate transformation in which enzymes produced for primary substrate oxidation are capable of degrading the secondary substrate fortuitously, even though the secondary substrates do not afford sufficient energy to sustain the microbial population. An emerging application involves the injection of water containing dissolved primary ...

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