chlorine release emergency Articles

  • Case study - Emergency equipment for the absorption of chlorine in hospitals

    Chlorine is a strong oxidant that in normal conditions and in its pure state formsdichlorine, a toxic gas with a yellow-greenish colour formed by diatomic molecules (Cl2) that are about 2.5 times heavier than air and have an unpleasant smell. Among its multiple applications and due to its powerful oxidising nature, it is widely used forwater purificationin sewage treatment plants and as ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Chlorine gas protection - Case Study

    Application As part of a scheme to bring safe drinking water to 1.5 million people in Omdurman City, part of Greater Khartoum, Biwater International was appointed by the Government of Sudan to undertake a major turnkey design and construction project. Chlorine is the conventional means of water disinfection, so Biwater brought in ERG to design and manufacture the emergency gas ...

  • Case History - Ammonia Emergency Plan Calls on Packed Tower to Scrub Released Chemicals

    Croll-Reynolds designed the Union Camp packed tower scrubber for ammonia removal efficiency at 99+% for the minimum single valve release and well over 90% for the entire range of operation. A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp's Dover, OH, ...


  • Chemical Industry: Ammonia Emergency Plan Calls on Packed Tower to Scrub Released Chemicals Case Study

    A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp’s Dover, OH. facility, byproducts of the paper industry are converted into usable specialty chemicals for cosmetics, adhesives and other industries. Crystallization is a process used intensively with ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Anti-fungal compounds: emerging environmental contaminants

    Azole fungicides are active ingredients in a range of pharmaceutical and personal care products, and are also used in agriculture. This study reviewed the sources, presence and risks of these compounds in the environment, finding evidence of toxic effects on aquatic organisms. The researchers provide directions for future research and warn caution should be exercised until more toxicity data ...

  • Pulp & Paper: Ammonia Emergency Plan calls on Packed Tower Case Study

    A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp’s Dover, OH. facility, byproducts of the paper industry are converted into usable specialty chemicals for cosmetics, adhesives and other industries. Crystallization is a process used intensively ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • SAFER STAR Case Study: ACTA — ACTing on A Potential Emergency

    Summary The Alameda Corridor is a 20-mile stretch in southern Los Angeles County, California, running from the ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles north to downtown Los Angeles, primarily along and adjacent to Alameda Street. The project extends through or borders nine cities as well as unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County. It includes 11 miles of rail located in a trench 33 feet below ...


    By SAFER Systems LLC

  • The Efficacy of Oxygen Release Compound - A Six-Year Review (PDF)

    Oxygen Release Compound (ORC®) is proprietary formulation of intercalated magnesium peroxide that releases oxygen slowly and facilitates the aerobic degradation of a range of environmental contaminants including petroleum hydrocarbons, certain chlorinated hydrocarbons, ether oxygenates and nitroaromatics. The history of ORC’s introduction and acceptance represents a model for the evolution of an ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Field monitoring and numerical modeling as tools in effect-evaluation of waste heat and chlorination byproducts via cooling water discharges

    Power plants and other industrial facilities apply cooling water to remove waste heat from their condensers and heat exchangers. These industries are obliged to predict the thermal and environmental effects on the water bodies on which the discharge takes place in order minimize negative impact on aquatic organisms. The general approach of EC Water Framework Directive acquires the evaluation of ...


    By Sweco Nederland BV

  • Modeling Dispersion from Toxic Gas Released after a Train Collision in Graniteville, SC

    ABSTRACT The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Weather Information and Display System was used to provide meteorological and atmospheric modeling/consequence assessment support to state and local agencies after the collision of two Norfolk Southern ...

  • Chlor-Alkali Plants Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Comparative Effects of HRC Application at Four Project Locations (PDF)

    Four site locations in the Southern or Midwest United States were the venues for pilot testing of a commercially available injectable bioremediation product (HRC™) to enhance the reductive dechlorination of chlorinated solvents. This activity occurred from 1997 through the end of 2000. Prior to injection, each site exhibited bioattenuation of parent compounds such as PCE, TCE, carbon ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Evaluation of a silver-ion based purification system for rainwater harvesting at a small-scale community level

    Silver has been known for centuries to be a powerful disinfectant, with no known harmful effects to humans if applied in adequate doses. Although its use was partially discontinued with the advent of chlorination and modern antibiotics, the discovery of bacterial resistance and disinfection by-products has enabled its re-emergence as a viable water purification option. On the other hand, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals

    In response to pressing issues facing the new Department of Homeland Security, over 15,000 chemical and industrial plants may have to evaluate their vulnerability to terrorist attack and improve countermeasures at their facilities. Federal lawmakers are considering two bills requiring facilities to submit site security plans: the Chemical Security Act (Senate Bill S. 157, reintroduced in January, ...


    By AECOM

  • Off-Gas Treatment Technologies for Soil Vapor Extraction Systems: State of the Practice

    Untitled Document EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This document provides state-of-the-practice information on off-gas treatment technologies for soil vapor extraction ...

  • 12,000 U.S. schools are within a mile of a hazardous chemical facility. What should we do about that?

    In the absence of a federal U.S. policy for schools located near potentially dangerous sites, community activists search for safer solutions. On April 17, 2013, an explosion and fire at the West Fertilizer Company plant in West, Texas, killed 15 people and injured hundreds. It also destroyed more than 150 buildings around the plant. Among these were the West Intermediate School for 4th and ...


    By Ensia

  • New DWI guidelines for UV drinking water disinfection

    atg UV, has seen increasing interest in the application of UV systems for the treatment of drinking water applications since the UK Drinking Water Inspectorate (DWI) released their ‘Guidance on the use of Ultraviolet (UV) Irradiation for the Disinfection of Public Water Supplies' February 2010. With systems treating in excess of 2000 m3/hr daily, Ultraviolet disinfection is no longer an ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Aerobics to the Rescue - Using Compatible Technologies to Improve Groundwater Remediation

    Background Increased opportunities for contaminated property redevelopment have propelled property owners to evaluate options for accelerating site remediation. In some cases a containment technology may have been implemented to mitigate the off-property migration of contamination as the most ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Counting the costs of chemical incidents

    The consequences of a lack of control when using chemical substances in the workplace are well known and apparent.  Any health and safety expert can tell you of at least one major accident whereby poor chemical management policies and procedures have lead to disaster.  Examples include Bhopal, Grangemouth, Flixborough, Seveso and more recently, Buncefield.  Major accidents like ...

  • Recycled Water saves California Farms

    After studies show no viable microorganisms in tertiary treated wastewater, growers in Salinas Valley now get two-thirds of their agricultural water needs from recycled sources. RECYCLED water is saving the farm for approximately 75 growers in the Salinas Valley along California’s Central Coast. Because their wells were becoming contaminated with seawater, these growers began irrigating their ...


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