chromatography resin Articles

  • Comparison of different anion-exchange chromatography resins for the purification of cyanobacterial microcystins

    For the first time, different types of diethylaminoethyl (DEAE) anion-exchange resins, widely used in previous studies, were investigated to determine the most effective resin for the purification of microcystins (MCs). MCs were extracted from freeze-dried Microcystis aeruginosa cells that had been harvested from the Bueng Nong Khot reservoir, Khon Kaen, Thailand. The toxins were precipitated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of extracts and toxicities of organic compounds in drinking water concentrated by single and composite XAD resins

    We compared extracts and toxicities of organic compounds (OCs) in drinking water concentrated by composite XAD-2/8 resin (mixed with an equal volume of XAD-2 and XAD-8 resins) with those extracted by single XAD-2 (non-polar) and XAD-8 (polar) resins. Drinking water was processed from raw water of the Han River and the Yangtze River in Wuhan section, China. The extraction efficiency of all resins ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Non-woven electrostatic media for chromatographic separation of biological particles

    The filtration and separation of biological particles has been estimated as 40% of the cost in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Liquid chromatography that is the principal method for separating biological particles uses a permanent phase of ultrafine adsorbent particles such as porous silica or resin spheres with particle sizes down to about 1 micron. Speed and resolution are two competing ...


    By Argonide Corporation

  • Characterization of dissolved organic matter from Australian and Chinese source waters by combined fractionation techniques

    The character of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in source waters from two countries (Australia and China) was investigated using an extended fractionation technique by combining resin adsorption, ultrafiltration and high performance size exclusion chromatography. There are distinctive chemical characteristics associated with DOM origins. Australian sourced DOM had higher hydrophobic acid (HoA) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fate of effluent organic matter during soil aquifer treatment: biodegradability, chlorine reactivity and genotoxicity

    Hydrophobic acid (HPO-A) and transphilic acid (TPI-A) fractions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) were isolated from a domestic secondary wastewater effluent that was polished via soil aquifer treatment (SAT). Fractions were isolated using XAD resin adsorption chromatography from samples obtained along the vadose zone flowpath at a full-scale basin recharge facility in Tucson, Arizona. Changes in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Novel Separations by a Charged NF/UF Membrane

    Introduction Separation characteristics of a novel, thin-layer composite (TLC®) membrane bearing an anionic surface charge are elucidated using three distinct approaches. These include solute challenges to demonstrate apparent molecular weight cut-off (MWCO), affinity chromatography to demonstrate surface force interactions between solute and membrane, and pilot scale operations using industrial ...


  • Feedstock recycling from plastic and thermoset fractions of used computers (I): pyrolysis

    The increasing production of computers, the progress in their performance, and the shorter time between innovation and production has led to increasing numbers of obsolete products. It has thus become necessary to recover some materials from old computers and to protect the environment from a new type of pollution. Such recycling is difficult because of the diversity of polymeric materials used, ...


    By Springer

  • Feedstock recycling from plastic and thermoset fractions of used computers (I): pyrolysis

    Abstract  The increasing production of computers, the progress in their performance, and the shorter time between innovation and production has led to increasing numbers of obsolete products. It has thus become necessary to recover some materials from old computers and to protect the environment from a new type of pollution. Such recycling is difficult because of the diversity of polymeric ...


  • Practical Characterization of NF/UF Membranes

    Introduction Membrane separations in the ultrafiltration (UF) and especially the nanofiltration (NF) regions of the filtration spectrum are governed by a complex combination of both steric exclusion and surface force interactions. UF and NF membranes bearing formal surface charges display unusual selectivity behavior not predicted on the basis of physical pore size alone. Therefore, practical ...

  • Application of an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for the Analysis of Paraquat in Human-Exposure Samples

    Paraquat is a toxic quaternary ammonium compound used as an herbicide around the world. Easy, fast, and inexpensive but sensitive methods are needed to study the effects of long-term, low-level exposure of paraquat on human health. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used for quantification of paraquat in urine and air-filter samples collected in a human-exposure study among farm ...


    By Springer

  • Estimated Risks of Water and Saliva Contamination by Phthalate Diffusion from Plasticized Polyvinyl Chloride

    Phthalates are additives commonly used to convert hard polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resins into flexible and workable plastics employed in the production of chewable rubber toys and other soft-plastic products. In theory, phthalates can diffuse in small quantities to the surface of a product, and from there they can enter the environment and the human body. The purpose of this study was to determine ...

  • Effects of Surface Force Interactions on an NF/UF Membrane

    Summary Appreciation of a membrane's surface chemistry and steric exclusion character is needed to truly understand and predict membrane performance for specific industrial separations. The interpreter of membrane characterization data must consider both factors in the assessment of separation potential. The test conditions employed will strongly influence the separation data outcome, as will ...


  • Characterization and predicting DOM treatability by enhanced coagulation

    The dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays significant role in water safety due to not only the natural occurrence but also man-induced pollution. To characterize and predict DOM treatability becomes therefore a very important and hot topic. In this paper, enhanced coagulation by four typical coagulants (FeCl3, Al2(SO4)3, polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and high ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Laboratory Study of Conventional Alum Treatment versus MIEX® Treatment for Removal of Natural Organic Matter

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In recent years, considerable effort has been made in drinking water treatment research to develop methods with improved natural organic matter (NOM) removal from water. Reduction in the level of NOM before disinfection can minimise the formation of disinfection by-products and reduce the residual required to control bacterial regrowth in the distribution system. This ...


    By IXOM Watercare

  • Glyphosate (roundup) and AMPA analysis in crops method abstracts

    The recently practiced method1 for analysis of Glyphosate and AMPA in crops suffers from an expensive, time consuming cleanup procedure that has less than ideal recoveries. Although the analysis (after clean up) by ion-exchange chromatography with post-column derivatization is rugged and sensitive, a new method was sought to improve the sample preparation. This resulted in AOAC Method 2000.522 ...


    By Pickering Laboratories, Inc.

  • Analytical Testing for Corexit Dispersants Used in the Gulf Spill

    The analysis of various sample matrices (seawater, sediment, tissue) to determine concentrations of Corexit dispersants used in the Gulf spill requires the use of one or more of the components in the dispersant as a tracer. The primary active ingredient (i.e. the primary surfactant) in the Corexit products is Dioctyl Sulfosuccinate Sodium Salt (DOSS). The other primary ingredients function as ...


  • Air Monitoring for the Gulf Oil Spill

    Ambient air monitoring is a priority in the ongoing efforts to contain and manage the oil spill from the Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico. The following provides information about the kinds of airborne contaminants that are currently being monitored in the Gulf, how they are collected and how they are analyzed. For a given project, a suitable sampling plan – developed by ...


  • Large Volume Splitless Injection Using an Unmodified Split/Splitless Inlet and GC-TOFMS for Pesticides and Brominated Flame Retardants

    Abstract Large volume splitless injection for gas chromatography typically requires a special injection port, for example, a programmable temperature vaporizer (PTV), but an alternative setup using concurrent solvent recondensation–large volume splitless injection (CSR-LVSI) and a split/splitless injection port has been reported. This technique was used here, both with and without ...


    By Restek Corporation

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