chromium immobilization Articles

  • Immobilised microbial reactor for the biotransformation of hexavalent chromium

    Out of an array of bacterial strains isolated from soil contaminated with effluents from electroplating wastewater, Bacillus coagulans exhibited the maximum Cr(VI) reduction potential. The feasibility of an immobilized B. coagulans bioreactor for hexavalent chromium reduction was investigated. Experimental results demonstrated that near complete removal of Cr(VI) was achieved in the reactor with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Release behaviour of chromium from ferrochrome slag

    Huge amount of ferrochrome slag, a solid waste is being generated from submerged electric arc furnace during manufacturing of ferrochrome alloy. The waste slag contains about 6–12% chromium as chromium oxide and it has the potentiality of releasing hazardous chromium compounds. Although chromium exists in the slag as highly immobile Cr (III) state, there is possibility of chromium release under ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of hexavalent chromium in soil and groundwater by supported nano zero-valent iron on silica fume

    Silica fume supported-Fe0 nanoparticles (SF-Fe0) were prepared using commercial silica fume as a support. The feasibility of using this SF-Fe0 for reductive immobilization of Cr(VI) was investigated through batch tests. Compared with unsupported Fe0, SF-Fe0 was significantly more active in Cr(VI) removal especially in 84 wt% silica fume loading. Silica fume had also been found to inhibit the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of hexavalent chromium by chemical modification of 4,4′-((1Z,11Z)-2,5,8,11-tetraazadodeca-1,8-diene-1,11-diyl)diphenol: kinetic and equilibrium modeling

    This study aimed to synthesize a new resin through immobilization of the 4,4′-((1Z,11Z)-2,5,8,11-tetraazadodeca-1,8-diene-1,11-diyl)diphenol (TRA) onto silica gel modified (Si-CPTS) with 3-chloropropyltrimethoxy silane (CPTS) and its application for the removal of chromium(VI) ions from aqueous solution as well as from industrial wastewater. The same applications were also made for industrial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In situ bioremediation of pesticides in soil and groundwater

    This article provides a summary of the Adventus Group’s experience with treatment of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in soil and groundwater using DARAMEND® and EHC® bioremediation amendments. The firm has offered DARAMEND for treatment of recalcitrant compounds in soil for more than ten years in both ex situ and in-situ applications. Since OCPs bind strongly to the soil matrix, ...


  • Metals Stabilization Using Geochemical Fixation

    Introduction To Chemical Fixation There are several approaches to treatment of chromium and other toxic metals such as lead arsenic, and cadmium in soil and groundwater, including isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation, and extraction (U.S. EPA. 2002). Brief Overview Of Metals Remediation Methods: Conventional ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Volatility of heavy metals during incineration of tannery sludge in the presence of chlorides and phosphoric acid

    Knowledge of the behaviour of heavy metals in the combustion process is a most important factor in selecting disposal alternatives for waste materials. Accordingly, in this work, the vaporization behaviour of highly concentrated heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu and Cr) in tannery sludge were investigated experimentally. The sludge was spiked with various chlorine compounds (i.e. PVC, FeCl3, CaCl2 and ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • ARCADIS Technology Applications in the Mining Industry

    ARCADIS is a leading global, knowledge-driven service provider, active in the fields of infrastructure, buildings, environment and communications. Known for our innovative and full services capabilities, we develop and implement solutions based on personal service, open communication, and a commitment to quality. We are committed to developing and utilizing leading-edge technologies, continually ...


    By Arcadis

  • In-Situ Groundwater Remediation of Heavy Metals at an Active Manufacturing Facility

    Tetra Tech & Adventus deploy In-Situ Groundwater Remediation of Heavy Metals at an Active Manufacturing Facility. Site History: 1966 to the present: Manufacturing of various automotive components 1966 to1984: Operation of chromium plating 1983: Release of metal plating rinse water 1983 to 1989: Excavation of soil and operation of 4 groundwater recovery wells 2006: ...


  • Effective distribution of emulsified edible oil for enhanced anaerobic bioremediation

    Abstract Recent laboratory and field studies have shown that injection of emulsified edible oils can provide an effective, low-cost alternative for stimulating anaerobic biodegradation processes. A pilot-scale permeable reactive bio-barrier (PRBB) was installed at a perchlorate and chlorinated solvent impacted site by injecting 380 L of commercially available emulsion (EOS® ) ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • Mercury Removal

    The Adventus Mercury Removal AdvantageResponsible environmental experts in the academic, business and regulatory communities are increasingly more worried about the high levels of mercury contamination affecting many parts of the world. The international community is focusing their attention on this growing problem and EHC-M will clearly help, as it is perfectly suited for treating environments ...


  • In Situ Chemical Reduction (ISCR) Technologies: Significance of Low Eh Reactions

    As used herein, ISCR describes the synergistic effect of stimulated biological oxygen consumption (via degradation of added organic carbon sources), direct chemical reduction with reduced metals, and the corresponding enhanced thermodynamic decomposition reactions that are realized at the lowered redox (Eh) conditions. These combined effects are therefore characteristic for technologies that ...


  • Arsenic Removal

    The Arsenic Removal ProcessArsenic, a naturally occurring element, is found throughout the environment; for most people, food is the major source of exposure. Acute (short-term) high-level inhalation exposure to arsenic dust or fumes has resulted in gastrointestinal effects (nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain); central and peripheral nervous system disorders have occurred in workers acutely ...


  • Natural Attenuation

    Introduction: Natural subsurface processes such as dilution, volatilization, biodegradation, adsorption, and chemical reactions with subsurface materials are allowed to reduce contaminant concentrations to acceptable levels. Natural attenuation is not a 'technology' per se, and there is significant debate among technical experts about its use at hazardous waste sites. Consideration of this ...

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