chromium soil contamination Articles

  • Detoxification of chromium slag and contaminated soil

    Chromium slag and contaminated soil are significant risks to human health. Their detoxification is a difficult problem. In this study, we tried to detoxify the chromium slag and contaminated soil by a solid reduction method. The final product is ceramist. The mechanism and process of detoxification of chromium slag and contaminated soil were studied. The residues of Cr (VI) are lower than 0.004 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Deadly Hexavalent Chromium in Soil

    Merging technologies will change over Hexavalent Chromium in soil to Trivalent Chromium, effectively stopping Hexavalent Chromium from becoming dangerously airborne or becoming even more deadly by migrating into the water table. There are three valences of Chromium: 1) Chromium—safe to humans, 2) Trivalent Chromium—safe and an essential element in humans and 3) Hexavalent ...


    By ABCOV Companies , LLC

  • Evaluation of sodium lignosulphonate for the remediation of chromium–contaminated soil and water

    Commercial sodium lignosulphonate, a by–product of sulphite pulp leaching, was evaluated for the remediation of soil and water contaminated with hexavalent chromium. Two series of bench–scale tests were performed: (a) removal of chromium from water using reagent binding and membrane separation; and (b) stabilisation of chromium in the soil using chemical soil flushing. Water treatment tests were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influences of soil properties on chromium (iii) sorption

    The presence of chromium in the environment is widespread due to its usage in many industrial processes. The metallurgic, tanning and plating industries are just a few examples of applications which use chromium on a daily basis (Nriagu and Nieboer, 1988). Chromium is stable in 2 oxidation states: cationic Cr with a valence of 3 and anionic with a valence of 6. Chromium (III) is often considered ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • Immobilised microbial reactor for the biotransformation of hexavalent chromium

    Out of an array of bacterial strains isolated from soil contaminated with effluents from electroplating wastewater, Bacillus coagulans exhibited the maximum Cr(VI) reduction potential. The feasibility of an immobilized B. coagulans bioreactor for hexavalent chromium reduction was investigated. Experimental results demonstrated that near complete removal of Cr(VI) was achieved in the reactor with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Differential Uptake and Transport of Trivalent and Hexavalent Chromium by Tumbleweed (Salsola kali)

    Experiments were conducted to determine the differential absorption of Cr species by tumbleweed (Salsola kali) as well as the effect of this heavy metal on plant growth and nutrient uptake. Tumbleweed seeds were grown in an agar-based media containing different concentrations of either Cr(III) or Cr(VI). The results demonstrated that the uptake of Cr was influenced by the Cr concentration in the ...


    By Springer

  • NUBIOLA: Investigation & Remediation of contaminated soil, groundwater & buildings (Phases I,II,III)

    The industrial activity of the factory Nubiola, pigment manufacturers since 1914, caused contamination of the soil, the groundwater and the buildings on the site. The identified contamination showed Chromium VI, various other metals, sulphates and oils. The objective: remediate the site environmentally in order to be reutilised as a residential ...

  • Contaminated land site investigation in Bristol

    Client: Property Developer Location: Bristol, UK Services: Contaminated Land Risk Assessment, Human Health Risk Assessment, Controlled Waters and Ecological Risk Assessment. Summary: ESI’s contaminated land assessment ensured that this former brickworks site was not registered as contaminated land under Part 2A of ...


    By ESI Consulting

  • Prominant developer chooses cetco gas vapor barrier for chromium protection case study

    Project: Droyers Point Location: Jersey City, NJ Products: Liquid Boot® Gas Vapor Mitigation System Background: During the summer of 2004, construction commenced on a multi-family housing plan, developed by K. Hovnanian Homes. This 23-acre Brownfield redevelopment project included 30 new three-story townhouse buildings ...


    By CETCO

  • Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions using micro zero-valent iron supported by bentonite layer

    Hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) is of particular environmental concern due to its toxicity, mobility, and challenging removal from industrial wastewater. It is a strong oxidizing agent that is carcinogenic and mutagenic and diffuses quickly through soil and aquatic environments. Moreover, it does not form insoluble compounds in aqueous solutions; therefore, separation by precipitation is not ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium: A Potential Strategy for the Bioremediation of Cr(VI)-Pollutied Wastewater

    ABSTRACTThe potential for biological treatment of Cr (VI)- polluted wastewaters has attracted increased interest, because this alternative is more efficient and less expensive than conventional physicochemical treatments. In this work, a microbial enrichment capable of tolerating and reducing high Cr(VI) was isolated. The kinetic parameters of the Cr(VI) reduction process indicate that the ...

  • A look at some contaminants regulated in drinking water

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates just over 90 contaminants in public drinking water systems. They include manmade chemicals as well as naturally occurring contaminants from rocks and soil. A look at some of the contaminants that fall under federal or state regulations: ARSENIC: Enters drinking water through eroding natural deposits in the ground or mining and other ...


    By Associated Press

  • In situ bioremediation of pesticides in soil and groundwater

    This article provides a summary of the Adventus Group’s experience with treatment of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in soil and groundwater using DARAMEND® and EHC® bioremediation amendments. The firm has offered DARAMEND for treatment of recalcitrant compounds in soil for more than ten years in both ex situ and in-situ applications. Since OCPs bind strongly to the soil matrix, ...


  • Heavy metal contamination in water and sediments of an estuary in southeastern Turkey

    The geochemical characteristics of some heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Pb, Zn and Ni) in the river and sea sediments, in the soil and in the river and groundwater of an estuary on the southeast coast of Turkey have been studied. In the sea sediments, the wastes from a chromium factory control these metal concentrations. The heavy metal contamination in the river sediments results from an existing chromite ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • Identification of source of heavy metal contamination in a site - a case study

    Accidental spills and improper disposal of industrial effluent/sludge containing heavy metals onto the open land or into subsurface result in soil and water contamination. Detailed investigations are carried out to identify the source of contamination of heavy metals in an industrial suburb near Bangalore in India. Detailed investigation of ground water and subsurface soil analysis for various ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of a mixed CVOC and cr contaminated site using in situ chemical reduction (ISCR) and Stimulated Biotic Mineralization

    The implementation of efficient and cost-effective remedial solutions in the clean-up of impacted properties is paramount in returning brownfields and other impacted properties to viable use in the face of the recent real estate market declines. Historical site use of the Cleveland Flats project area included: a manufactured gas plant (circa. 1850), trucking terminal, & plating operations. As ...


  • Trace metal characterization of soils using the Optima 7300 DV ICP-OES

    Soil testing helps diagnose soil health and guides in the development of soilspecific and crop-specific remedies. It is an indispensable tool to assure national food safety, nutritional accuracy, maintenance of soil health and enhancement of soil fertility. Based on this analysis, farmers may be advised on soil fertility to make agriculture more productive and sustainable. Micronutrient analysis ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Heavy metal speciation and mobility assessment of arid soils in the vicinity of Al Ain landfill, United Arab Emirates

    Sixty-four surface soil samples taken in the vicinity of Al Ain landfill were analysed for cadmium, chromium, copper, nickel, lead and zinc by inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy. Extraction techniques were used to establish the association of the total concentrations of the six metals in the soil samples with their contents in the exchangeable, carbonate, iron/manganese oxides, and residual ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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